The trolleybus is an electric bus that gets its power from two wires in an electric line that usually hangs along the road. The reason for using two cables is that it is impossible to complete the circuit with a single cable due to the use of rubber wheels, unlike trams.
The first trolleybus was the system established on April 29, 1882 in the suburb of Berlin. Ernst Werner von Siemen named this system as “Elektromote”.
Situation in Turkey
In 1947, the Network has opened Turkey's first trolley bus service was established in Ankara. 1 Brill brand trolleybuses on 1947 June 10, 1948 FBW brand trolleybuses in 10; It was put into service on the Ulus - Ministries line. With the 1952 MAN vehicles purchased in 13, the number of trolleybuses operating in Ankara; It has reached 33. Apart from this, Alfa-Romeo brand trolleybuses were also used in Ankara and these trolleybuses were used on the Dışkapı-Bahçelievler and Dışkapı-Kavaklıdere lines. They were removed from service in the 1979-1981 period on the grounds that they disrupted the traffic and were traveling slowly.
As the trams that served Istanbulites on both sides for many years could not meet the needs of the city in the 1960s; Considering that it is more economical than buses, it is decided to establish a trolleybus system. For trolleybuses whose power is supplied from double overhead power lines, the first line is laid between Topkapı and Eminönü. Trolleybuses ordered to the Italian company Ansaldo San Giorgia in 1956-57 enter service on May 27, 1961. Its total length is 45 km. The cost of the network, 6 power centers and 100 trolleybuses is 70 million TL, as of that day. When 'Tosun', which was produced entirely by IETT workers, joined the vehicles serving from Şişli and Topkapı garages and whose door numbers were listed from one to one hundred, the number of vehicles became 1968. Tosun serves Istanbulites for sixteen years with its 101 house number.
Trolleybuses, which frequently stay on the roads due to power cuts and their voyages are disrupted, are dismissed on 16 July 1984 on the grounds that they prevent traffic. The vehicles are sold to the General Directorate of ESHOT (Electricity, Water, Gas, Bus and Trolleybus) affiliated to Izmir Municipality. The 23-year Istanbul adventure of trolleybuses comes to an end.
It is the second city in Turkey after Ankara using the trolley. July 28, 1954 opens 1984 Trolleybuses in Istanbul were sent to Izmir. It is known that there are 76 of them. In Turkey in Izmir, the city where the most recent removed trolleybus trolleybus was abolished on March 6, 1992.
Despite the lifting of all, despite the many problems in Turkey on 11 March 2015 in Malatya again it began service with TRAMBUS name. Just 4 days after the commencement of the voyages, on 15 March 2015, a tram bus (trolleybus) was burned in the Inönü University Campus where it stopped, and there was no loss of life.