xnumx'l year until there were only some European cars, American cars and in Turkey. However, there was a currency crisis in the country. For both imported cars and the spare parts needed for these cars, significant amounts of foreign currency flowed into foreign countries. For the construction of a national car following the 1960 Revolution, with the support and support of President Cemal Gürsel, the Revolutionary car was produced at the Tülomsaş Wagon Factory. While the prototypes were unable to get gas due to the crowd during the efforts to train the ceremony, the gasoline was over during the official parade. Gürsel's r We built a car with the head of the car, we forgot to put gas with the skull head ş, the proverbial project was shelved.
When it comes to the question of how Anadol cars were born, industrialist Vehbi Koç had a dream to produce domestic cars. In fact, Vehbi Koç's automobile love was based on old cars. In the 1928 dealers of Ford products Ankara coach of the Italians after the Second World War he had entered the Fiat tractors cooperation for the production in Turkey. Producing trucks under the Ford brand in Otosan Factories established in 1959, Koç now wanted to produce the Turkish car under the roof of Otosan Factories. When the coach went to Turkey in talks with Ford regarding the automobile manufacturing company officials told him there in small numbers to produce meaningful and profitable, and they should continue to sell cars by importing; because there was 1966 91 thousand vehicles in the car park and the annual car sales in Turkey was the 2 to 3 thousand.
However, as stated by Ford executives, the production of 23 thousands per year would not pay off the investment; because a car's mold cost was found to be 50 to 60 million dollars, which meant the 4 thousand dollar depreciation share for each car only. In those years it was possible to buy almost a car. But the coach did not go away; because, according to him, import meant loss of exchange.
The fact that a car with a steel bodywork cost was expensive in its small production numbers led the Koç Group to search for new ones. In 1963, Bernar Nahum (Automotive Group President) and Rahmi Koç, who sat in front of Otosan's distribution company Otokoç in Ankara, attracted the attention of a dealer who came to buy spare parts. Bernar Nahum and Rahmi Koç, who started to examine the bolts, realized that the vehicle's body was not made of sheet metal. When they opened the bonnet, they saw an Israeli-made (Autocar) chassis. The owner of the vehicle, 'fiberglass' in the body of a new material used to say that this new material attracted the attention of the Aries
Rahmi Koç went to Israel to study the manufacturing techniques of fiberglass material in October 1963. In his report on his return journey, he reported that the factory in Israel produced fiberglass bodies with very primitive and sloppy methods and could not cooperate with Israeli manufacturers. Meanwhile, it was learned that the manufacturer in Israel received the technology from Reliant company in England and fiberglass composite materials were used in Reliant cars. Bernar Nahum met with Raymond Wiggin, the manager of Reliant, in Athens at January 1964; In May, Vehbi Koç, Rahmi Koç and Bernar Nahum visited Reliant's premises in Tamworth / Staffordshire, England. Reliant's technology and production processes were very modern. Reliant has previously developed motorcycle-based light vehicles, and has developed this manufacture and has become a specialist in the field of 3 wheeled vehicles (Regal, Robin, Kitten, Bond Bug, etc.). In addition, high-performance sports cars (Scimitar, Saber etc.), family cars (Rebel) and light commercial vehicles (Ant) and domestic and foreign markets for the production of many models and prototypes.
The Koç Group has rolled up their sleeves for cooperation with Reliant. However, the project had to be approved by the Prime Minister to Turkey corner. The Prime Ministry requested the approval of the Machinery Chemical Industry. However, the technical staff of TCI stated that they would not approve a car manufactured with a new production system. Thus, fiberglass cars were disrupted before they were born. Meanwhile, the original design of Ford trucks manufactured at Otosan has changed. However, this design was to implement changes quickly in Turkey. Due to the cost, the idea to manufacture the driver's cab from fiberglass was accepted in Otosan. A driver's cab was installed in Reliant by Ford. The implementation of this project and the proving of the material itself encouraged and mobilized the Coach
Vehbi Koç went to Reliant to make a prototype and get the prototype first
He wanted to show the government officials in Ankara. In principle, the prototype was two-door (Fiberglass production was only available for two-door production at that time) and the engine, gearbox and differential were taken from Ford. The design of the vehicle was undertaken by Ogle Design of David Ogle, an expert in small cars and high-performance cars. Ogle Design is a very successful company that designs not only cars but also in many areas. The chief of this team, Tom Karen, designed Anadol. In fact, this vehicle was designed based on the Ford Cortina drafts and the high-performance Scimitar Coupe model designed by Ogle Design for Reliant. During that time, the government changed during the production of the prototype. The new government's Ministry of Industry wanted to examine the prototype to approve the project
The prototype, called the FW 5 (Saber), was launched by Reliant, even though it was not fully prepared, and arrived in Istanbul at the 63 hour. The Ministry of Industry, which examined the car at 22 on December 1965, and announced that they would run production on 10 month and grant production permission if the price is below 30. Official application was made on 10 January 1966. 1966 was a busy working year that was the year for Otosan. In the meantime, a survey to name the car was held. At the end of four separate meetings held at Divan Hotel, the new car was named 'Anadol'
As planned 19 December 1966'da the first domestic automobile Anadol production line came down. The sales price of the car was 26 bin 800. First produced two-door Anadol 1966 liter (2 ccm Anglia engine) Ford engine, produced in the first year 980 pieces Anadol's production in the next years reached up to 1.2 thousand. 1198 door in the series 1750 also joined the Anadol while the production of the two-door model ended in 8. The capacity of the engines was increased from 71 to 4 liters.
On the other hand, Jan Nahum, the son of Bernar Nahum, chairman of Otosan, was developing new cars.
Anadol STC 16 (sports car) and Anadol SV 1600 (Bertone design and Reliant Scimitar Estate Coupe drafts for the 4 door to adapt to the Anadol model) were produced in 1973 and the insect (hobby car) in 1975. 1.6 units were used in three years and 16 176 1600 units were manufactured in 9 in three years. The insect sold 6 units in a year of production. 72 thousand 202 units were produced during the single door Anadol 1966-1975. The STC 19 was a very good car, and the performance was very good. However, the period
conditions, this model can not understand the real history of the automotive history, 2 automobile in the conditions of that day because of the extreme luxury seen in this situation and because of the masses of this car has disappeared to spread to large masses
At the end of the 1970s, different activities continued at Otosan. For example, Otosan wanted to keep up with this period, where the trend was based on constant modernization, and the Jan Nahum team also won an academic award called Çağdaş. kazanthey produced a prototype of a family type car. However, the production of this model could not be realized because the conditions in the country were not suitable. During this period, the prototype of the car, launched as the FW 11 (Scimitar Se 7) drawn by Bertone designer Marcello Cardini (the designer of Lamborghini Miura, Counttach models), was commissioned by Reliant.
However, the Otosan management thought that the car had little chance of selling. Total this prototype 4 1 number of them thought to have been made in Britain, as in France or Sweden in 1 them, one den to Turkey is believed to be sent. This car was exhibited at the Reliant stand at the 1980 Birmingham Motor Show as a prototype and attracted great attention.
This car was later manufactured by Citroen as a BX in the design of the steel bodywork with the slightest changes in its design (trunk lid fiberglass)!
12 became the best-seller of Citroen for years! N
The latest design of Anadol by converting SV 1600 into a sedan is launched at 16 SL 981. This model 4, which is thought to have an original and original design (which is supposed to be a futuristic and long production), has produced a total of 1013 units during the year and its production is stopped due to lack of sales. Actually, it wasn't too bad as a cashier form, but it didn't reach the style he wanted to catch. Unshaped rear design and tail lights, disproportionate front view, the details of the modern style of the vehicle tried to be skipped, the old model less than the old model SL led to less liked. In this period, the conversion of Anadol to different cash registers reduced the prestige of the car.
In addition, new models released by Tofaş! Renault's engine and accessory attacks! and, with a slight increase in imported automobiles, this model has greatly reduced its sales chances. The paranoia of the pick-up of Anadol's cars was destroyed by these cars.
However, it still had a user and fan base that understood this car. Anadol's big American cars, even though those who compare two vehicles in different lanes and a small car in fact, although it has ignored how much success in the world classic automobile literature, even took place in Anadol (1967 Anadol A1 and 1973 STC 16).
The 1984 units have been produced by 62 until the 543 farewell to the Anadol bands and they are replaced by Ford Taunus with steel bodywork.
Anadol is a car with the classic status of some automobile enthusiasts in the UK at the moment and is known as Reliant Anadol in the UK. Reliant has also used this cooperation as a good reference. You can see Anadol on the Web sites of Reliant and Ogle Design and some literature sites. Designing Anadol Tom Karen is still at the head of Ogle Design.
Source : I www.ilhamipektas.co