With the increasing number of allergic diseases, people with allergies are looking for ways to get rid of this situation. Stating that it is possible to get rid of allergies that negatively affect daily life and reduce the quality of life with allergy vaccines, Prof. Dr. Ahmet Akçay gave important information about vaccine treatment.
What is an allergy shot?
Allergy vaccines, allergic rhinitis, asthma, pollen, house dust mites and bee venom are a type of treatment that is applied to people who are allergic to substances such as bee venom and the treatment effect is clear. Allergy vaccine, or immunotherapy, involves the administration of the allergen or the allergen in gradually increasing doses. Increased increases in allergen cause the production of a "blocking" antibody that reduces allergy symptoms in the future when the allergen is encountered, and by reducing the release of allergen-causing substances, it strengthens the immune system and allows you to reconcile with your allergy.
Who can get an allergy vaccine?
People with allergy asthma, allergic rhinitis, eye allergy, pollen allergy, insect allergy, house dust mite allergy, pet allergy can get allergy vaccine. Allergy vaccines are a good option for those who experience severe allergy symptoms throughout the year and do not want to take medication for a long time. This method of treatment tends to work best for people sensitive to inhaled allergens and pesticides.
Are there situations where allergy vaccine cannot be applied?
In some cases, allergy vaccinations cannot be given. These situations are as follows; severe and uncontrolled asthma, autoimmune diseases, immunodeficiencies, cancer diseases, cardiovascular diseases, serious chronic and inflammatory diseases.
Caution should also be exercised in those who use heart and blood pressure medications called beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors.
What are the benefits of allergy vaccine therapy?
The success rate of allergy vaccine treatment is quite high. Vaccine treatment is currently the only method that treats allergic diseases by affecting the mechanism. In most of the patients, the complaints are completely corrected or reduced by preventing the inflammation caused by the allergy. Thus, while the need for medication decreases, the quality of life increases.
Allergy vaccine reduces the development of asthma in people with allergic rhinitis.
Allergy vaccine treatment reduces the development of asthma and sensitivity to new allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis. It reduces the severity of allergic rhinitis and asthma. The most important factor in success is choosing the right patient and applying the right vaccine. In order for the vaccine to be successful, the treatment must be done by experts in the field.
From what age are allergy vaccinations?
Vaccines in the form of subcutaneous infections can be made after 5 years of age, and sublingual vaccines after 3 years of age.
When does the effect of vaccine therapy begin?
The effect of vaccine therapy begins to show itself 2-4 months after vaccination is initiated. At the end of the first year, the effect of the vaccine is fully seen. If no improvement is observed after 1 year of application, the treatment should be discontinued.
What are the methods of allergy vaccine?
Allergy vaccines are of two types: subcutaneous injection and sublingual drops and tablets. In recent years, oral (oral) vaccination method has also been used for foods.
Subcutaneous needle vaccine therapy (subcutaneous immunotherapy) is injected under the skin in the form of a standardized solution dissolved in water of the allergen to which the person is sensitive. In this method, starting at a low dose, the doses are increased at regular intervals. Initially, weekly vaccination is done, then 15 days and then at 1-month intervals. The duration varies between 3-5 years, on average 4 years.
Are there any side effects of allergy vaccines?
The most important side effect of allergy vaccines is that they can cause an allergic reaction. In subcutaneous needle vaccines, there may be mild symptoms such as swelling or nasal congestion, itching in the eyes and throat, rash on the skin. In such cases, the treatment can be continued by adjusting the dosage. Swelling often develops at the injection sites in subcutaneous injections. Serious reactions are very rare. Just in case, it is necessary to wait 30-45 minutes under observation at the health center after the vaccination.
There are no serious side effects with sublingual vaccines. Side effects seen in sublingual vaccines are mostly itching, swelling and irritation in the mouth, and these symptoms disappear over time with the continuity of the vaccine.
Molecular allergy test increases vaccine success rate
The molecular allergy test gives us valuable information about the allergy vaccine. Molecular allergy test; It provides important information on many issues such as the severity of the allergy, its true cause, the allergen to be included in the vaccine, and cross-reaction. The molecular allergy test, which also provides information about the allergy vaccine method, also provides information about the side effect development potential of the allergy vaccine. Therefore, an effective allergy vaccine can be provided with a molecular allergy test. Molecular allergy test is an effective test that will increase the success rate of the allergy vaccine and ensure an efficient treatment.
What's inside the allergy vaccine?
Allergy vaccines contain only standardized allergens to which the patient is sensitive and some carrier substances to which the allergen is bound, called adjuvants to increase the effectiveness of the vaccine. Other than that, there is no medication, especially cortisone.