Who is Behiç Erkin?

Behic Erkin
Behic Erkin

in the 1876 Istanbul'Born in Turkey, Behiç Bey graduated from the Military Academy in 1898 and from the Military Academy in 1901. After 1904, he worked as an inspector of the Thessaloniki-Istanbul railway guards as a staff captain. He was taken prisoner by the Greeks in the Balkan War in 1910. After his liberation, Erkanı took office in Harbiye and made the railways work in the army service. He published his book 'History, Use and Organization of the Railway from the Perspective of Military Service', in which he conveyed his experiences in the establishment and operation of the railway during the First World War.

After the occupation of Istanbul by the Allied Powers on March 16, 1920, he went to Anatolia while he was wanted by the British. When Behiç Bey arrived in Ankara on July 5, 1920 to join the National Forces, he was holding the rank of Erkanıharp Miralay (Staff Colonel). He received the second presidency offer from its President İsmet Bey (İnönü). Within a few days, another offer was made to him by İsmail Fazıl Pasha, the Deputy Public Works Minister. Director of the Anatolian Şindendifer Company. While thinking about two proposals, he decided to head the railways with Mustafa Kemal's guidance. gave.

Founder of Modern Railways

Behiç Bey successfully continued this task, which he started on July 16, 1920. The company became the first founder of modern railways in our country by providing a railway operation at the level of railways at the level of the most progressive countries.

Behiç Bey 14, who was a full-fledged organizer and statesman, was elected to the Ministry of Public Works in January 1926.

Behiç Erkin, who died on November 11, 1961, devised his first General Manager to be buried in the triangle at the Eskişehir (Inventory) station, where the Ankara lines of Izmir, where he met.

Behiç Erkin can be written about;

  • The person performing the logistics of the Çanakkale War
  • Having successfully completed the logistics of our War of Independence, which Mustafa Kemal said to him, "If you succeed in carrying the army to the front, I know very well what to do at the front,"
  • Instructing foreigners who say that no Turkish can run railways,
  • Ensuring the nationalization of those who want to return the railways to foreign enterprises after the War of Independence,
  • Signed another first by translating both the operating language of railways and the courses of ITU in Turkish,
  • the first time that the Republic of Turkey to decentralization and ITU '^ y of decentralization that,
  • establishing the first public museum in the Republic of Turkey,
  • establishing the school first railroads in the Republic of Turkey,
  • One of the 13 founding signatures, along with Atatürk, the intellectual father of our national intelligence agency,
  • TCDD's first General Manager, father of railways,
  • One of the first deputies of TBMM and First Minister of Public Works,
  • We can say that during the Embassy in France, Nazi Germany and his partner rescued 20 thousand Turkish Citizens from the Jewish genocide of France with great genius of diplomacy.

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