High-speed rail in the center of the rebirth of Turkey

David the creation of a high-speed rail network by that Briginshaw reported from Ankara, up to the year 2023 will celebrate the centennial anniversary of the founding of the Republic, the country's transformation will be fully completed to fit the expanding era of national railways stands at the heart of Turkey's ambitious plans.
Clearly, the Republic of Turkey State Railways (TCDD) Director General Süleyman Karaman visitors enjoying tell how the future because of the TCDD taken under warranty or off the railways in Turkey 2003
he had to make a firm choice between investing in railways. The size of the Turkish railway network has nearly doubled by reaching 1923 km between 1951-7900. However, this expansion slowed down gradually by 2002. Although there are important gaps to be connected to each other within the network and many important cities such as Bursa and Antalya do not have railway connections, only the new line 945 km
done. The reason why sufficient resources were devoted to railways in the second half of the 20th century was obvious: the government diverted all of its ground transport energy to develop highways.
Let alone improving the railways, not expanding the railways soon made the railways unable to compete with the highways, and this brought the inevitable result that TCDD suffered great damage in a short time and the damage it caused increased every year.
Karaman said, “In 2003, the government asked us to give a briefing about the future of TCDD. We would either continue to lose money, which would make it impossible for us to survive, or we would invest. " “We looked at countries like Germany, Spain, Japan, and Korea to see how they developed. He could have won the status of a developed country by investing in railways and high-speed railways Turkey could be a way to improve our economy and invest in our technology to make that very important for Turkey. " The government approved TCDD's plan and the first investment source started to flow in late 2003. In 2004, TCDD's investment budget increased by 80% to $ 971 million. The budget of TCDD then increased steadily every year until it reached $ 2007 billion in 1.78. The next big increase came in 3.33, when annual spending doubled to $ 2010 billion.
TCDD's $ 2004 billion investment between 2011 and 2011 (including 14.6) had significant results. The first high speed rail line between Ankara-Eskişehir and Ankara-Konya has been completed. 80 km of roads, which make up about 7344% of the network, were renewed; 2209 km of road remains to be renewed. Last year, a new suburban line of 79 km was put into operation in İzmir. The renewal of the traction power and the towing and towed vehicle park also started. 410 of 394 stations were renovated and the first of 19 freight logistics centers was opened. The first High Speed ​​Line Ankara-Eskişehir high speed railway line was opened in March 2009. The line carried 5.78 million passengers by May of the same year and the market share of the railways increased from 10% to 75%, with the extra traffic coming mainly from the road. The Konya line was put into commercial operation on 24 August 2011 and the line carried 918.000 passengers until May. This is a new market for TCDD because high-speed lines fill an important gap in the railway network. “We transport 180.000 passengers a day on two lines, which is what we expected. We also achieved a 98% satisfaction rate among passengers, ”he says.“ We are now trying to satisfy the remaining 2% ”.
Izmir's new Egeray is another great success. Egeray opened in March 2011 and carried 35 million passengers by the end of the year. Traffic is expected to reach 50 million flights this year. If we put that in our perspective, the rest of the TCDD network will carry 93.5 million passengers. I asked Karaman whether the completion of these projects saved TCDD from harm. “Our financial performance is not what we would like. We pay a lot of money for the construction work and we have three lines for rebuilding, re-signaling and electrification work that will be closed by the end of 2013. ” gives an answer like. The decision to close the three main lines, including a part of the Haydarpaşa-Eskişehir line, reflects an unprecedented decision and the size of the work being done. In fact, some parts of the network look more like a construction site than a railway. For example, the whole suburb on the main line to the west of Ankara,
The high speed and freight trains have to scramble to get to the road just one way in use.
As TCDD is expanding its modernization and expansion program, investments will reach a record of 30 billion by an increase of% 4 this year. 2011-2023 between TCDD, about one third
plans to invest $ 1 billion in 47.5, two of which will be allocated to high-speed lines
By the end of 2013, a new tunnel will be opened under the Bosphorus in Istanbul.
Although Ankara-Eskişehir high-speed line has not been opened until 2014
It will be extended to Istanbul. For an 533 km road, this is only possible with an hourly travel time of 3
not only make the railways competitive situation for the first time against the road it will threaten the dominance of airlines in Turkey's busiest routes. In addition, the Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway, which is currently 40% completed, will be opened at the end of 2013. The completion of these projects will be powerful symbols of the progress achieved, as well as the revolutionary railways for both passenger and international freight traffic.
Karaman thinks the freight market between Asia and Europe is around $ 75 billion, and TCDD wants to take a share of it. Long-term goal
a new line is to be constructed, but the train ferry crossing on the main route to Iran will be improved. 50 waggering train ferries were tendered. Also the train ferry passing through the Black Sea
It will be improved.
The plan to separate the infrastructure from train operation will be enacted this year and will come into force in 2014. TCDD will be the infrastructure manager with new organizations established to operate train services, regulate railways and inspect accidents. Karaman
as he says, ”the beginning of these things will be the end of others. dedi Until the 2015 year, the first phase of the high-speed railway network is in Bursa, Afyon and Uşak on the İzmir route.
It will be completed by trains going east to Sivas and Erzincan from a new high-speed train station to be built in Ankara. The Marmaray project crossing the Bosphorus in Istanbul is completely
High-speed trains of Sincan-Ankara-Kayaş line of 36 km
to be removed in four to separate the trains. There are also many conventional lines planned.
and the existing network of 2800 km will be electrified.
The signaling of the line of approximately 1900 km will be rebuilt and the contracts of some contracts have already been made. Invensys Rail and Turkish Construction
In January, the engineering company Fermak won an 310 million-euro contract to install the ERTMS Level 2 in the 76-km Bandırma-Menemen line.
The completion of these projects should create a wave in revenues by ensuring that the TCDD starts to see a transformation from investments and a transformation in the financial performance of TCDD.
High speed trains in both Istanbul and Istanbul during the last expansion phase that will last until 2023
will also operate from Ankara to Izmir and to cities on the southern Mediterranean coast, including Antalya.
High-speed network in the eastern part of the country to Trabzon in the Black Sea, east to Kars
and southeastern Kayseri, Malatya and Diyarbakır. New conventional
the lines will replace some of the bad alien in the existing network and have access to TCDD.
The Black Sea, from Kars to the border with Iran and Turkey will move to the southeast to close gaps in the network; It will provide a second connection to Iraq that does not pass through Syria. So that really proud of Turkey and Europe, it will have to fulfill the role of a bridge between a railway providing southern Asia and the Middle East.



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