Stem cells are the main cells that make up all tissues and organs in our body. These cells, which have not yet differentiated, are capable of unlimited division and self-renewal, transforming into organs and tissues. With stem cell therapy, different cellular therapy methods have been developed especially for the movement system.
Yeni Yüzyıl University Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Op. Dr. Sinan Karaca gave information on "At what stage and how should stem cell therapy be applied in orthopedic diseases".
It can be an alternative to surgery in the treatment of stem cell calcification.
In recent years, stem cell therapy has been seen as a miracle cure for many conditions, from wrinkles to spine repair. Studies have shown that stem cell therapies show promise for a variety of diseases, including heart disease, Parkinson's disease, and muscular dystrophy.
Stem cell therapy can also potentially treat knee osteoarthritis (OA), or calcification. In OA, the cartilage covering the ends of the bones begins to deteriorate and wear. As the bones lose this protective cover, they start to rub against each other. This leads to pain, swelling, and stiffness, and eventually loss of function and mobility.
Hundreds of thousands of people in Turkey live with knee OA. Many are able to manage their symptoms through exercise, weight loss, medical treatments, and lifestyle changes.If symptoms become severe, total knee replacement is an option. Still, stem cell therapy can be an alternative to surgery.
What is stem cell therapy?
The human body constantly produces stem cells in the bone marrow. Stem cells are directed where they are needed according to certain conditions and signals in the body.
A stem cell is a basic cell, immature, not yet developed to become a skin cell or a muscle cell or a nerve cell. There are different types of stem cells that the body can use for different purposes.
There is evidence that stem cell therapies work by triggering damaged tissues in the body to repair themselves. This is often referred to as "regenerative" therapy.
Stem cell injections for knees
The cartilage that covers the ends of the bones allows the bones to slide against each other smoothly with very light friction. OA causes damage to cartilage and causes increased friction - causing pain, inflammation and eventually loss of mobility and function. Theoretically, stem cell therapy uses the body's own healing mechanisms to help repair and slow down the breakdown of body tissues such as cartilage.
Stem cell therapy goals for knees:
- Repair damaged cartilage
- Reducing inflammation and relieving pain
- Possibly delay or prevent the need for knee replacement surgery
- In simple terms, treatment includes:
- What is string stem cell therapy? How is it done?
In scientific studies, it has been observed that string stem cell therapy with stem cells obtained from our own adipose tissue significantly improves knee pain in patients, improves cartilage volume and significantly increases articular cartilage quality.
In order to obtain stem cells to be used in knee joint treatment, fat tissue taken from under the skin is used by entering around the navel, and the treatment of the patient is performed by injection of live stem cells obtained from his own fat tissue into the joint. Stromal vascular fraction fluid rich in stem cells is obtained by separating this adipose tissue under sterile laboratory conditions. The Stem Cell SVF fluid obtained, which contains millions of live stem cells of the person, is activated and injected into the knee joint of the patient without waiting. Later, stem cells start to work in this area and begin to renew the tissues.
At the end of the second week, the pain in the knee is relieved. If it is between 2-6 months, the recovery is generally expected to be completed. If necessary, the stem cell treatment can be repeated once more with a second application.
It is a treatment method that lasts half a day and is performed with the patient's own stem cells by separating them from their own fat tissue. Thus, there is no problem of rejection of stem cells by the body. After the procedure, the patient returns home by walking on the same day and continues his daily life.