Although fasting positively affects our physical and mental health, when we do not pay attention to some rules, on the contrary, our body; especially it exhausts our hearts.
Arrhythmia, heart attack and paralysis due to sudden increase in blood pressure, dangers waiting for heart patients who do not pay attention to their diet and life habits while fasting! Acıbadem University Atakent Hospital Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. For this reason, Ahmet Karabulut warned that cardiac patients should never fast without consulting their doctors and said, “When fasting, the doctor's recommendations should also be followed strictly. Also, hungry shouldn't mean that we can change our evening meal routine. In our table, where we normally only eat one main meal, we should continue with a single main course in Ramadan. Because of the overburdening of the stomach with iftar, which is accustomed to a certain eating pattern in heart patients "bloating, indigestion, abdominal pain, palpitations, and high blood pressure can result in heart attacks, even worse." So what wrong habits tire our hearts? Acıbadem University Atakent Hospital Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ahmet Karabulut explained 10 important mistakes that tire the heart while fasting; made important suggestions and warnings!
Mistake: Fasting without consulting a doctor
There is a compulsory change in the time of medicines in Ramadan; Medications are usually taken at sahur and iftar. Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ahmet Karabulut said, "The point that is missed here is the length of time between sahur and iftar and the short time between iftar and sahur." He says: “While a patient who takes a drug twice a day creates an increase in the effect of the drug and the risk of side effects after sahur, there is a risk of the drug's effect ending and the disease to exacerbate towards iftar. For this reason, drugs that are effective for 24 hours, taken once a day, should be preferred during Ramadan. Patients who have to take the same medicine 2-3 times a day should not fast. "
Mistake: Breaking the fast with smoking
Ramadan is actually the ideal time to quit smoking. However, if this habit continues, do not break your fast with a cigarette! Also, avoid smoking one after the other after iftar. Because this situation increases the inflammatory reaction in the body and causes a dirty environment in the vessels. As a result, additional stress is placed on the vessels and the risk of intravascular clot development increases. Result; increased risk of heart attack and stroke!
Mistake: Finishing the iftar plate quickly
Iftar tables are generally richer and heavier. The rapid consumption of a large number of main meals, on the other hand, seriously stimulates insulin release. Additional stress is placed on the vessel walls due to increased blood sugar and extra insulin release. This table can lead to delayed digestion of food, bloating, blood pressure and palpitations. Even worse, eating too fast can invite a heart attack! Take care to consume iftar meal slowly in order not to tire your heart. Swallow your bites after chewing them 10-20 times.
Mistake: skipping suhoor
Although it may seem like a good alternative for people who are fond of sleep, not getting up for sahur, fasting with a single meal without sahur is particularly difficult for those with chronic diseases. When fasting without suhoor, severe headaches, palpitations and tension attacks can develop due to a decrease in blood sugar. Therefore, you should definitely get up for sahur and consume at least 2-3 glasses of water with breakfast foods.
Mistake: Going out of routine eating habits
Another important mistake we make during Ramadan is going beyond our routine eating habits. To reward yourself after fasting all day, do not overfit your table, limit your main meal to one type. Avoid high-calorie, fatty and varied main meals. Open iftar with water and soup. Dates, green salad and low-sugar compote or compote should definitely be on your table.
Mistake: Eating dessert for iftar and sahur
In Ramadan, we often overdo it in the consumption of pastry desserts with syrup, which are harder to digest and cause blood sugar to jump rapidly. However, consuming too much of the dessert disrupts the blood sugar and cholesterol balance. “Choosing desserts for iftar meals causes extra insulin release. Desserts eaten at suhoor also increase the feeling of hunger and thirst that will occur during the day. " warned Prof. Dr. Ahmet Karabulut says that the best time to consume dessert is midnight. Prof. Dr. Reminding that the consumption of desserts with dough and syrup should be restricted, Ahmet Karabulut said, “Homemade milk desserts should be at the forefront in desserts. The healthiest way to meet your sweet needs is to consume fruit. " says.
Mistake: Exaggerating the salt
One of the most common mistakes in Ramadan is the consumption of too salty food. We usually add too much salt while preparing the meal, as we cannot taste it. Salty cheese, olives and pickles added to the meal during iftar also increase the salt intake. Result; blood pressure that suddenly rises due to high salt consumption! Prof. Dr. Ahmet Karabulut pointed out that there is a direct link between salt consumption and hypertension and heart failure, “Extra salt creates sudden increases in blood pressure and creates an additional burden on the heart. This situation can result in heart failure, which can manifest itself with shortness of breath and edema. Therefore, you should not exceed the limit of one teaspoon of salt a day. " says.
Error: Meeting the need for water with carbonated drinks
We generally do not consume enough water we need in Ramadan. This problem stems from the fact that we try to meet our water needs with sherbet and carbonated beverages at the iftar meal. Tea often replaces water in suhoor. “However, water is life for our cardiovascular health. Less water consumption causes the blood to darken and the vascular health to deteriorate. " warning, Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ahmet Karabulut says: “Those who drink less water are more likely to experience blood pressure swings and rhythm disturbances. Therefore, make it a habit to open the fast with water and close the sahur with water. In order not to risk your health, you should drink a glass of water at the beginning and end of iftar and sahur, and take care to consume 1.5 liters of water between iftar and sahur. Also, do not forget that carbonated drinks can cause rhythm problems and shortness of breath by compressing the diaphragm on the heart. "
Mistake: Exercising right after iftar
Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Reminding that exercise and regular movement are the most important activities that affect heart health positively, Ahmet Karabulut said, “However, exercises are usually paused during Ramadan. However, fasting is not an obstacle to exercise for health. The hard-earned exercise activity should continue in Ramadan. " “Walking is the form of exercise we recommend most often. 30-40 minutes of walking before iftar will accelerate your metabolism and will provide you with a healthier iftar. It will also facilitate the digestion of the foods you will consume at iftar. But beware! Exercise immediately after iftar can result in bloating, abdominal pain and shortness of breath. For these reasons, it will be more beneficial to take a walk after iftar. "
Error: Spending the night without sleep
Most of us sleep patterns are disturbed during Ramadan; sahur interrupts his sleep at night and it becomes difficult to fall asleep after sahur. Insomnia can lead to tension, body aches, palpitations and increased blood pressure during the day. Therefore, take care to go to bed before 23:00 in the evening. In addition, sleeping not more than one hour during the day will prevent the occurrence of sleep problems.