What is coronavirus? How Is It Transmitted?

what is coronavirus
what is coronavirus

Coronavirus (Coronavirus) was first seen on 29 people working in a market selling seafood and live animals in Wuhan, China on December 2019, 4, many people visiting this market on the same days were hospitalized with the same complaints. As a result of examining the samples taken from the patients, it was revealed that the virus causing the disease was understood to be from the SARS and MERS virus family. On January 7, the World Health Organization announced the name of the new epidemic as "New Coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV)". Then the virus was named Kovid-19 (Covid-19).


Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can infect humans and can be detected in some animal species (cat, camel, bat). Coronaviruses circulating between animals can change over time and gain the ability to infect humans, thereby beginning to see human phenomena. However, these viruses pose a threat to humans after they have gained the ability to be transmitted from person to person. Kovid-19 is a virus that has emerged in Wuhan city visitors, and has gained the ability to be transmitted from person to person.


The new coronavirus is thought to be transmitted by respiratory secretions like other coronaviruses. Respiratory secretion droplets containing cough, sneezing, laughing, and virus that spreads to the environment during speech, make contact with the mucous membranes of healthy people and make them sick. Close contact (closer than 1 meter) is required for the disease to be transmitted from person to person in this way. Although the findings such as the development of illness in people who have never been to the animal market and who have been ill as a result of contact with patients, the health worker is still unknown to what extent the infectiousness is 2019-nCoV. The most important factor that determines how the epidemic will progress is how easily the virus can be transmitted from person to person and how successfully to take the necessary measures. In the light of today's information, it can be said that 2019-nCoV is not contaminated with food (meat, milk, eggs, etc.).

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