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Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality KabataşAn important discovery that will shed light on the history of Istanbul was made during the construction of the Beşiktaş station of Beşiktaş-Mecidiyeköy-Mahmutbey metro line. During the excavations carried out by the Istanbul Archeology Museum Directorate teams in the construction area for 1 year, burned human bones belonging to the Early Iron Age between 1200-800 BC and 3 human bones from the mass grave were revealed.

According to the news of Nihat Uludağ from Newspaper Habertürk; It was determined that the bones of 3 people, which were found in the mass grave where burnt human bones were found at the Beşiktaş metro station construction site in Istanbul, belonged to the communities that migrated to Istanbul from the Northern Black Sea.


Archaeologists and 45 workers are working continuously during the excavations conducted by Zeynep Kızıltan, Director of Istanbul Archeology Museum. Kızıltan, who answered the questions about the works that lasted for one year, shared the data obtained from the remains.

Kızıltan, who stated that the first excavation of the trams from the Ottoman period had been found in the excavations, gave the following information about the history of the construction site:

“In the first stage of the excavation, the area paved with modern paving stones and the concrete layer under it were documented and removed from the surface. Under this layer, remains of reinforced concrete, brick and stone-built infrastructure from the late 19th and 20th centuries were uncovered. "

“Most of the ruins are water channels and concrete pipes where the maintenance and repair works of the trams belonging to the Beşiktaş tram depot, which was built in 1910 and collapsed during road expansion in 1955. The ruins found were built using concrete and iron, and laid with rubble stone and lime mortar.


Kızıltan, the head of the excavation, gave information about the works and stated that the remains uncovered in the excavation were documented and that the abolition work was completed and there were rounded stone rows in the ongoing works.

Kızıltan said that the graves (Urne), which were buried after the burning of the body called lek cremation dık, were uncovered with simple earth graves and outside, with simple earth graves.

Kızıltan said, ile Some of these tombs were found with stone ax, bronze arrowhead or tools and terracotta pots as dead gifts. The tombs dated to the Early Iron Age (BC1200-800) are documented. Also, a mass grave of three skeletons was unearthed. Such tombs are the type of grave belonging to the people who came with the immigration wave in the Black Sea Region. Bu


Zeynep Kızıltan said that the people identified in the excavation area were one of the first inhabitants of Istanbul who came from the North Black Sea to the Bosphorus and said ağı From the Northern Black Sea Region to Thrace towards the end of the last Bronze Age.
It is known that a new and big wave of immigration is coming, and small settlements belonging to this culture are found all over Thrace, except the coastline and the Gallipoli Peninsula. göç

In the northern Black Sea, the Crimean region communities, because of climate and regional wars, both from the west and from the east to Anatolia, describing the Kızıltan, said:

Uz We do not know which communities belong to those living in the Black Sea at that time. 3000-3500 spread to the south by years of migration. It is estimated that some of the groups coming to Thrace through Romania and Bulgaria have settled in Istanbul. Romanya


who visited the excavation site Istanbul Culture and Tourism Director Yilmaz, Culture and Tourism, the Ministry of overseeing the execution of the uncovered findings in studies 3000-3500 years further back which takes the data presented, said: "Not only in terms of historical Istanbul, Turkey, is important for the history of the world and humanity," he said .


Although Iron Age has started and finished in different regions in many regions, it is generally 13 in Anatolia. century began. 4. century

A period characterized by the melting of iron. In this period, the discovery of the processing of iron also helped the development of industry. In the Early Iron Age, where the copper and bronze were replaced by weapons and objects, the Late Ghiti City States in Anatolia experienced Urartian, Phrygian, Lydian and Lycian civilizations.


Zeynep Kızıltan noted that DNA tests will be made to the human bones removed from the excavation area. DNA Perhaps the race of these people will be determined. Carbon C14 test will also be done in full. With the anthropological researches, the gender and age of the bones in the graves will be determined, and he said, da In those ages, what people feed and what they cultivate will be revealed.

Source : I



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