The importance of railways, which is a sub-sector of the transportation sector, is increasing day by day. From this point of view, a well-organized railway system that has been structured according to the requirements of the era accelerates the economic development.
The history of the railroad in the Ottoman territory, the 1851 km of the Cairo-Alexandria railway line in 211, the date of the railways in the national borders of the 23 1856 130 24 1872 in the year of the privilege of the Izmir-Aydin Railway line starts. Ottoman Railways was governed by the Turuk and Meabir (Road and Construction) Department of the Ministry of Public Works for a time. XNUMX In September XNUMX, the Railways Administration was established to realize the construction and operation of the railway.
The 4.136 km section of the Ottoman period remained within our national borders. 2.404 kilometers of these lines of foreign companies, the 1.377 kilometer was operated by the state.
After the establishment of the Republic and the decision to nationalize the railways, 24 May 1924 date and 506 Law and the sonra Anatolia-Baghdad Railways Directorate General m were established under the Ministry of Public Works (Ministry of Public Works). In order to ensure the construction and operation of the railways as the first independent management unit in the field of railways, the ve General Directorate of State Railways and Ports UM was established with the date of 31 May 1927 and the Law No. 1042. The General Directorate of State Railways and Ports was connected to the Ministry of Transport (Ministry of Transport) established in 27 May 1939. Lines operated before and during the Republic of Turkey were purchased from 1928-1948 and nationalized. 22 July 1953 until the date supplementary budget Our organization is managed as a state administration, on that date, depending on the extracted 6186 Law No. Department of Transportation "Republic of Turkey State Railways (TCDD)" as the iktisso under the name, with 08.06.1984 date and 233 Decree Law No. "Public Economics TCDD, which has acquired Kuruluş corporate identity lığı and has three subsidiaries including TÜLOMSAŞ, TÜDEMSAŞ and TÜVASAŞ, is currently operating as the related organization of the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications. the name was turned into a State Enterprise.
155 TCDD 155 centennial which has been operating on these lands since the year
Unfortunately, especially in recent years, it is rapidly consuming its accumulation. Institution; trained
shortage of staff, lack of investment, use of resources in the wrong place
clamped. Lack of investment allowances and even allocations
As the expenditure cannot be made and the investments are not realized on time, the speed has decreased and more importantly traffic safety has been seriously damaged.
XIX from the foundation of the Ottoman Empire. In the period until the 62th century, the place where the Balya was located was called the “Kocagümüş Village”. In the Ottoman period, the Bale Mine (Kocagümüş Mine) was famous for making a shot put in history. While the transportation of the mine, which was unearthed in the first times, was done by camels, mules and cars, it is known that a narrow line of 60 km long and 200 cm wide was built from Balya to Palamutluk. The mines, which were transported with decoovils drawn with animals up to the region, were transported from here to Akçay pier by car. Then, in order to accelerate the transportation, the construction of the railway from Palamutluk to Akçay pier was carried out by the French-owned “Balya Kara Aydın Company” and XIX. France was the most prominent state in railway construction in Ottoman lands in the 1800th century. The French, who established a XNUMX km railway network during the mine operation period, extended this route to the Dardanelles, which was also the first railway in Anatolia. The mines, which were previously moved to Bandırma via Gönen and loaded onto ships, were transported to the ports by using Akçay and Edremit roads in the XNUMXs. In addition, it is understood that the exported mine was moved to Istanbul from Bandırma pier according to some documents.
It was started to be built on May 1, 1923 by the “Balya Kara Aydın Company” owned by the French on May 75, 28 to transport the silvery course mines extracted from Balya from Palamutluk to Akçay and shipped the mine to Palamutluk. The 1 km long railway between Ilıca and Palamutluk was completed on 1924 November XNUMX and put into operation.
The decouvile line, built in 1884 from Palamutluk to Balya, is 62 km long and 60 cm long. Wide. The line was closed in October 1950 and its liquidation was completed until 1959.
İZBAN is a project that belongs to Izmir, the city of the firsts, with its rail-standard rail transportation on the 80 km suburban line from Aliağa to Cumaovası in Izmir, which started to operate on the route of the first railway line laid in Anatolia. Izmir Metropolitan Republic of Turkey State Railways of the municipality (TCDD) Metro established with 50-50 partnership "Long Road Retaliation" of İZBAN, giving the hands of the central government and local administrations a terms of being the first project carried out in Turkey, "Tolerance and Reconciliation Project ”. İZBAN, which commissioned the first operation without passengers on October 29, 2010, started the pre-passenger operation between Çiğli-Cumaovası on December 05, 2010 and Aliağa-Cumaovası on January 30, 2011.
This line changed Izmir's environment in a moment. The owners of the passenger transportation companies in the Aliyaga-Cumaovasi section learned how much the value of the passenger. Izmir's traffic is relieved.It is no longer alone from Aliagadan or Friday and leaving the car does not go with him Dikili Pergamon Kınıkta so that our citizens in the north of Izmir, leaving their vehicles to the station Aliağa Izban 1.75 TL by going to Izmir Gokas This behavior is a great contribution to both their budgets and national economy pavilion. Before the trailband, Aliağa - İzmir On the road to Çanakkale, the stiffness of the Trasfik accidents will be understood.
In the dream of Atatürk, who knew very well that "Railway means civilization and wealth" after the Republic, he realized his desire to knit all parts of the country with "Iron Nets" as well as his revolutions. In the 1930s, which is a project of Atatürk's dream, with the railway project connected to “Balıkesir- Balya - Edremit and Aliağa”, the railway project that goes up to Balya-Havran-Edremit and Ilıca. The railway line will be improved, but Balıkesir will be connected to İzmir via Edremit Aliağa on the other hand. However, a project of this railway line ended when it was shelved in the 75s. If this project is implemented, a great economic and touristic wound will be provided for our country.
Refinery and filling facilities located in Aliağa Iron and steel factories, Çandarlı Port, Ship dismantling facilities will be comfortable and freight will be shipped to other places of our country, and the transportation costs of highways are high and product quality deteriorates. Burhaniye, Zeytinli, Akcay, Altinoluk, Candarlı Ayvalık Edremit, Küçükuyu, Dikili, Bergama, towns and districts will pave the way for tourism in the region and will lead to a tourism boom in districts and towns. Tourism, industrialists, businessmen, tradesmen and citizens want this project to be implemented as soon as possible, but we have many difficulties. In addition, the number of Traffic Accidents in the Northern Egeda will decrease. In short, the Izmir Edremit railway railroad will only reduce energy pollution, traffic accidents, number of injured and dead air, and air pollution.
Source : I www.trafiklife.co