A regulation in Germany's transport legislation dating from 1935 prevents bus companies from operating in intercity transportation. However, Federal Transport Minister Peter Ramsauer is planning to implement the legal regulation for the privatization of bus lines by 2013. Research shows that bus companies will create a serious alternative to the railway giant Deutsche Bahn by providing passengers with cheap and environmentally friendly travel.
It turned out that German Transport Minister Peter Ramsauer wants to implement the regulation allowing the privatization of intercity bus networks by the end of the year. Speaking to Bild Online, Ramsauer stated that intercity travel in Germany can be "cheap" and "cover long distances" as in the transport network using metallic gray buses known as "Greyhounds" in the USA. The Federal Transport Minister said he favored the privatization of long-distance bus lines until 2013, as included in the coalition agreement.
Parallel to this, in a report prepared by the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), it was stated that bus transportation is the cheapest and most environmentally friendly mode of transportation when fully occupied. In the same research, it was calculated that a bus company could earn three times the cost on the highway, and at least twice the cost on state roads. On the other hand, it was determined that there was an average loss of 44 percent per voyage in rail transportation. On the other hand, railway transportation stands out as it causes less carbon dioxide emissions. "Intercity buses provide cheaper and environmentally friendly travel opportunities, especially for young people," said Minister Ramsauer, a Christian Social Union party. said.
Intercity bus lines also serve in parallel with the developed railway networks in European countries, especially in England, Sweden, Czech Republic and Spain. Especially in England and Spain, transportation by bus is preferred because it is cheaper for long distances. In Germany, on the other hand, the use of intercity bus lines is prevented by a regulation in the transportation legislation that stipulates the protection of railway transportation from 1935.
The coalition government drafted a bill to change this outdated practice, but the Federal House of State Representatives requested some changes to the bill. A limited number of bus companies in Germany can only operate using routes that the German railway company Deutsche Bahn does not provide sufficient service. However, these routes, which make transferring many times compulsory, mean an increase in travel time and an increase in travel costs for passengers.
Source : http://www.e-haberajansi.com