Most Common Diseases in Children

Most Common Diseases in Children
Most Common Diseases in Children

Acıbadem Taksim Hospital Pediatrics Specialist Dr. Betül Sarıtaş talked about the 6 most common diseases in children these days, and gave important warnings and suggestions.

Dr. Betül Sarıtaş talked about 6 diseases as follows:

“Inflammation of the stomach and intestines

While acute gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines) presents itself with diarrhea, fever and vomiting may accompany. Stating that the increase in the frequency of travel and the change in the diet during the summer months, the consumption of unhygienic water and food kept in the open increases the risk of contracting the disease. Betül Saritas says:

“In case of prolonged and increased frequency of diarrhea, plenty of fluids should be consumed, foods with pulp that increase bowel movement should be avoided, and fatty and spicy foods should be avoided. In cases where fluid is not taken as much as the fluid lost from the body, restlessness, extreme weakness, dryness of the skin and mucous membranes, collapse of the eyeballs, decrease in the amount of urine and absence of tears can be seen. These situations are especially dangerous for young children, and a pediatrician should be consulted as soon as possible without neglecting them. Hand hygiene should be taken care of to prevent this disease. Foods that are kept outside for a long time should not be consumed, vegetables and fruits should be washed with plenty of water and attention should be paid to the consumption of clean water.

Urinary tract infection

In particular, the increase in the use of communal pools and slides, which are not well cleaned, leads to an increase in the frequency of urinary tract infections. Burning during urination, frequent urination, itching in the genital area, fever and vomiting are among the most common complaints in children. In case of these complaints, a doctor should be consulted. If neglected, urinary tract infection can progress and cause kidney damage. Among the precautions that can be taken are paying attention to the cleanliness of the pool to be used, taking a shower with soap before entering the pool, taking care that children do not get the pool water in their mouths, taking a shower after using the pool, changing the wet swimsuit quickly, and paying attention to the cleaning of the genital area after the toilet. says.

outer ear infection

Stating that outer ear infection, also known as swimmer's ear, is generally seen in cases where contact with water increases after spending time in the sea and pool for a long time, Dr. Betül Sarıtaş gives the following information:

“Complaints usually start with sudden and severe ear pain. Then, sensitivity develops in and around the ear. If there is an earache that does not go away, a doctor should be consulted as soon as possible. In order to prevent external ear infection, after getting out of the pool and the sea, the water in the ear should be removed by tilting the head to both sides, the ears should be dried with a dry towel and the use of ear sticks for cleaning should be avoided.

sunstroke and burn

Spending a long time unprotected under the sun can cause sunstroke symptoms such as fever, sweating, nausea, weakness and palpitations in children. In this case, the children should be taken to a cool place immediately, their fever should be reduced and plenty of fluids should be consumed. Children should not be taken out of the sun between 10.00-16.00, water-resistant sunscreen creams with a factor of at least 6 should be used in children starting from the 30th month, and the sunscreen should be renewed every two hours.

Fly and insect bites

With the increase in the time spent outside in the summer months, fly and insect bites can cause allergic reactions, itching, redness and pain in children. The affected area should be washed with soapy water immediately and if there is swelling, a cold compress should be applied for at least 10 minutes. The type of insect and whether it is poisonous should be determined, and in case of an allergic reaction, a health center should be consulted immediately. Clothes that protect the arms and legs of babies should be preferred in open areas. For protection, fly repellent sprays can be applied to the whole body, except the face and hands, at most once a day, in babies and children older than 2 months.

Rash and Rash

Especially with the effect of extreme heat and humid air, skin rashes are frequently encountered in babies and children as a result of clogging of the sweat channels. Stating that children should be showered and dressed in thin clothes every day in hot weather, Dr. Betül Sarıtaş says that diapers should be changed at least 6-7 times a day, the diaper area should be carefully cleaned with alcohol-free wipes, and the diaper area should be left open and ventilated for a while after the baby's diaper is changed.

Günceleme: 25/08/2022 16:09

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