Today in History: Atılay Submarine Performed a Training Dive, Couldn't Resurface Again

Atilay Submarine
Atilay Submarine

July 14 is the 195nd (196rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 170 days left until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 14 July 2006 Active personnel clothes prepared by Faruk Saraç were introduced to the public with a show called “Iron Wings da at Sirkeci Gar.

Olaylar 

  • 1223 – II. With the death of Philip VIII. Louis became King of France.
  • 1683 – Ottoman armies under the command of Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha, II. They started the Siege of Vienna.
  • 1700 – The Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Istanbul with the Tsardom of Russia.
  • 1789 - The French revolt against the monarchy. The people released the political prisoners in the Bastille Prison in Paris. July 14, the beginning of the republic, is the national holiday of the French
  • 1884 - Cameroon became a German colony.
  • 1926 – Ziya Hurşit and his friends were executed due to the Izmir Assassination attempt against Mustafa Kemal Pasha.
  • 1933 - In Germany, the Nazis ban opposition movements.
  • 1936 – Turkey got the first gold medal in the Olympics. Yaşar Erkan came first in the 61 kg wrestling at the Berlin Olympics.
  • 1938 - Italy adopts the anti-Jewish Nazi model.
  • 1942 – Atılay disaster: The submarine “Atılay” made a training dive, but could not resurface. 37 officers and privates died.
  • 1948 – The leader of the closed Turkish Labor and Peasant Party, Dr. Şefik Hüsnü Deymer was sentenced to 5 years in prison.
  • 1948 – The first film festival organized by the Local Film Producers Association: “Directed by Şakir Sırmalı”Forgotten Secret” best film, directed by Turgut Demirağ “A Mountain Tale” was chosen as the second best film. Nevin Aypar was awarded for the best female actor, Kadir Eroğan for the best actor, and Cahide Sonku and Talat Artemel for the best character actor.
  • 1950 – General Amnesty was issued in Turkey.
  • 1958 – The 14th of July Revolution took place in Iraq. King II. Faisal and Abdulillah were killed the same day, and Prime Minister Nuri Said Pasha the day after.
  • 1959 – The Turkmen massacre began in Kirkuk, which will last for three days and three nights.
  • 1960 – Former Konya Governor Cemil Keleşoğlu committed suicide in Yassıada.
  • 1968 – Tuluat artist İsmail Dümbüllü left the stage with a jubilee night.
  • 1969 – Banknotes of $500, $1.000, $5.000, and $10.000 are officially withdrawn from circulation in the United States.
  • 1970 – Military service was reduced to 20 months and reserve officer service to 18 months.
  • 1971 – Ministry of Culture established; first Minister Talat Halman.
  • 1982 – State Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Turgut Özal, Finance Minister Kaya Erdem and Minister of Public Works and Settlement Şerif Tüten resigned. Sermet Refik Pasin was appointed to replace Özal, Adnan Başer Kafaoğlu to replace Erdem, and Ahmet Samsunlu to replace Tüten.
  • 1983 – Dursun Aksoy, an officer of the Turkish Embassy in Brussels, was killed in an armed attack. Three separate Armenian organizations claimed responsibility for the incident.
  • 1987 – State of Emergency Regional Governorship was established.
  • 1993 – The Constitutional Court decided to close the activities of the People's Labor Party (HEP) on the grounds that it violated the Constitution and the Law on Political Parties.
  • 1994 – ANAP's motion to investigate the assets of Prime Minister Tansu Çiller was rejected in the Parliament. On the other hand, the proposal regarding the investigation of the assets of the leaders and their relatives of the parties that have been in the Parliament since 1983 was accepted.
  • 2003 - The U.S. Government declared the "51st World War" on which UFO theories were also produced. He acknowledged the existence of the region.
  • 2015 – The New Horizons spacecraft arrived at Pluto.
  • 2016 – Nice Attack: A terrorist attack was carried out by an attacker driving a truck into a crowd during Bastille Day celebrations in Nice, France. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) claimed responsibility for the attack.

births 

  • 1454 – Angelo Poliziano, Italian humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1602 – Jules Mazarin, Italian politician (d. 1661)
  • 1743 – Gavrila Derjavin, Russian poet and statesman (d. 1816)
  • 1816 – Arthur de Gobineau, French diplomat, writer, and philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1858 – Emmeline Pankhurst, English women's rights activist (d. 1928)
  • 1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian symbolist painter (d. 1918)
  • 1868 Gertrude Bell, English traveler and spy (d. 1926)
  • 1874 – Abbas Hilmi Pasha, the last Khedive of Egypt in the Ottoman era (d. 1944)
  • 1890 – Ossip Zadkine, Russian sculptor and painter (d. 1967)
  • 1895 – Richard Walther Darré, German Minister of Food and Agriculture (d. 1953)
  • 1896 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist, revolutionary, and syndicalist (d. 1936)
  • 1903 – Irving Stone, American author (d. 1989)
  • 1904 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American author and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Olive Borden, American actress (d. 1947)
  • 1907 – Safiye Ayla, Turkish singer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Nail Çakırhan, Turkish journalist, poet and architect (d. 2008)
  • 1912 – Woody Guthrie, American folk singer (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Gerald Ford, 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish playwright and film director (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor of French cinema (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist and academic, who, with Ernst Otto Fischer, won the 1973 Nobel Prize in chemistry (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, American actor and musician (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – Louis Calaferte, French writer (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Yılmaz Gruda, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor, poet and playwright
  • 1934 – Gotlib, French illustrator and animator (d. 2016)
  • 1935 – Ei-ichi Negishi, Japanese chemist (d. 2021)
  • 1939 – Karel Gott, Czech Jazz singer and actor (d. 2019)
  • 1942 – Javier Solana, Spanish physicist and politician
  • 1943 – Rohana Wijeweera, Sri Lankan politician (d. 1989)
  • 1947 – Salih Neftçi, Turkish economist and writer (d. 2009)
  • 1948 – Oruç Aruoba, Turkish writer and philosopher (d. 2020)
  • 1952 – Eric Laneuville, American director and actor
  • 1958 – Mircea Geoană, Romanian politician
  • 1958 – Luan Jujie, Chinese-Canadian fencer
  • 1960 – Ulus Baker, Turkish sociologist, writer and translator (d. 2007)
  • 1960 – Jane Lynch, American comedian, actress, and singer
  • 1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actress
  • 1966 – Matthew Fox, American actor
  • 1967 – Jeff Jarrett, American professional wrestler, wrestling entertainment promoter
  • 1969 – Tan Sağtürk, Turkish ballet dancer and TV series actor
  • 1973 – Halil Mutlu, Turkish weightlifter and World and Olympic champion
  • 1974 – Martina Hill, German actress, comedian and voice actor
  • 1975 – Taboo was a Mexican-American-born singer, actor, and rapper.
  • 1976 – Zeynep Dizdar, Turkish singer
  • 1977 – Victoria, King XVI. Heir to the Swedish throne as Carl Gustaf's eldest child
  • 1984 – Mounir El Hamdaoui, Moroccan national football player
  • 1987 - Sara Canning, Canadian actress
  • 1987 - Adam Johnson, English football player
  • 1987 – Dan Reynolds, American musician and songwriter
  • 1988 – Conor McGregor, Irish mixed martial artist and boxer
  • 1989 – Sean Flynn, American actor and singer
  • 1990 – James Nunnally, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Jonas Hofmann is a German football player.
  • 1994 – Aydın Mongush, Russian wrestler
  • 1995 – Serge Gnabry, He is a German national football player of Ivory Coast origin.
  • 1997 – Cengiz Under, Turkish football player

Weapon 

  • 1223 – II. Philippe, King of France from 1180 until his death (b.
  • 1742 – Richard Bentley, English theologian and critic (b. 1662)
  • 1790 – Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Austrian priest (b. 1717)
  • 1793 – Jacques Cathelineau, Saint of Anjou (b. 1759)
  • 1808 – Kabakçı Mustafa, Ottoman soldier and leader of the rebellion named after him (b. 1770)
  • 1817 – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss writer (b. 1766)
  • 1827 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859)
  • 1904 – Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic and leader of the Boer resistance (b. 1824)
  • 1907 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1910 – Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer, educator, and choreographer (b. 1818)
  • 1926 – Ziya Hurşit, Turkish politician (b. 1892)
  • 1933 – Raymond Roussel, French poet, novelist, playwright, musician (b. 1877)
  • 1939 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter and graphic artist (b. 1860)
  • 1942 – Fethi Yüceses, one of the Turkish soldiers and non-commissioned officers who lost their lives in the TCG Atılay submarine (wife of Hamiyet Yüceses)
  • 1943 – Luz Long, Nazi-German athlete (b. 1913)
  • 1946 – Arthur Greiser, Nazi German politician (b. 1897)
  • 1946 – Jorge Ubico, former president of Guatemala (b. 1878)
  • 1948 – Harry Brearley, English metallurgist (b. 1871)
  • 1958 – Abdulillah, cousin and brother-in-law of Ghazi bin Faisal, King of Iraq (b. 1913)
  • 1958 – II. Faisal, King of Iraq (b. 1935)
  • 1960 – Cemil Keleşoğlu, Turkish bureaucrat (b. ?)
  • 1965 – Adlai Stevenson, American politician and diplomat (b. 1900)
  • 1966 – Julie Manet, French painter (b. 1878)
  • 1967 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1969 – Eero Berg, Finnish athlete (b. 1898)
  • 1971 – Ali Kılıç, Turkish soldier and politician (Atatürk's close friend) (b. 1889)
  • 1974 – Carl Spaatz, American aviator general and first Chief of Staff of the US Air Force (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Santos Urdinarán, Uruguayan football player (b. 1900)
  • 1993 – Léo Ferré, French poet and musician (b. 1916)
  • 1998 – Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, Chief of the National Police of the Republic of South Vietnam (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Eleni Küreman, the first Turkish female photojournalist (b.1921)
  • 2004 – İsmail Hakkı Sunat, Turkish theater artist (b. 1966)
  • 2013 – Dennis Burkley, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2014 – Nadine Gordimer, South African writer (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Helena Benitez, Filipino politician and bureaucrat (b. 1914)
  • 2016 – Péter Esterházy, Hungarian writer and literary scholar (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – Julia Hartwig, Polish writer, poet and translator (b. 1921)
  • 2017 – Maryam Mirzahani, Iranian mathematician (b. 1977)
  • 2018 – Mario Casalinuovo, Italian politician and former minister (b. 1922)
  • 2018 – Theo-Ben Gurirab, Namibian politician (b. 1938)
  • 2018 – Hans Kronberger, German-Austrian politician (b. 1951)
  • 2018 – Masa Saito is a Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Pernell Whitaker, American professional boxer (b. 1964)
  • 2020 – Adalet Ağaoğlu, Turkish novelist and playwright (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Jyotsna Das, Indian actress (b. 1927)
  • 2020 – Galyn Görg, American actress and dancer (b. 1964)
  • 2020 – Polat Hashimov, Azerbaijani soldier (b. 1975)
  • 2020 – Mohammed Mohaiminul Islam, Chief of Staff of the Bangladesh Navy from June 5, 1991 to June 3, 1995 (b. 1941)
  • 2020 – Caesar Korolenko, Polish-born Russian psychiatrist (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – María Lugones, Argentine activist, writer and philosopher (b. 1944)
  • 2020 – Maurice Roëves, Anglo-Scottish actor (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Stephen Daily Susman, American commercial litigation attorney (b. 1941)
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