The coronavirus, which affects the whole world, continues to spread rapidly. Studies show that asymptomatic people who do not show any symptoms during the pandemic process play a key role in this picture. Asymptomatic individuals, presymptomatic patients with late symptoms, and people who have complaints of low back-neck pain rather than fever-fatigue, but who are not aware of their Covid-positive increase, the risk of transmission is increased. Uz. From Memorial Bahçelievler Hospital Internal Medicine Department. Dr. Aslan Çelebi gave important information about new symptoms and asymptomatic patients in coronavirus.
Asymptomatic patients account for half of all transmission rates
It is said that around 19% of asymptomatic patients among Covid-30 patients. However, this group of patients is considered in the asymptomatic category because only mild malaise, weakness, only a decrease or disappearance of the sense of smell or only mild pain are symptoms that are generally not taken into account. When these patients with mild symptoms are excluded, the rate of asymptomatic patients drops to 17-20%. However, even this 17% group causes 50% of the current transmission without realizing it. In children, the asymptomatic rate is over 30%. The disease is also mild in those who show symptoms. However, the contagiousness rate is high. Children can infect their families with coronavirus without any symptoms.
Mild symptoms should be admitted to the hospital without waiting for other complaints.
Identifying asymptomatic patients is very important in the pandemic process. Even if there are mild symptoms, such as mild malaise, decrease in smell, mild back pain, it is necessary to apply to the hospital without waiting for the rise of fever, aggravation of the situation and the addition of different complaints to the picture. Currently, 19% of Covid-20 patients are hospitalized. 5% of the general population is in intensive care. These data show us the possibility of the condition getting worse when the disease is expected to progress. Therefore, it is recommended to apply to the hospital, even if the complaints are very mild. The mortality rate in intensive care units is decreasing. However, it should not be forgotten that there is still a significant loss of life rate. A health institution should definitely be consulted in the slightest doubt.
In lost time, the virus can land in the lungs
Mild symptoms are important because, while waiting for other symptoms to be sure, the virus can land in the lungs, complications and / or intensive care rates may increase in time lost. There are also cases in the society who do not admit to the hospital with the thought that the disease will pass on its own because of fear of the side effects of drugs. In such samples, the disease progresses, there is a clot in the lung called pulmonary embolism, and the hospital can be admitted with aggravated pictures. Pulmonary clotting is the second leading cause of death in the world after cardiovascular diseases. In addition, an inflammation of the brain that causes severe headaches called encephalitis can occur. Waiting for it to pass on its own at home means taking all these risks. Only mild weakness, or only headache, only neck pain should be consulted to the health institution.
Complaints that are thought to be orthopedic problems can be Covid-19
For example, there are cases with Covid-19 patients who do not care about the mild malaise he experienced for a few days, and then apply to the orthopedic department because complaints such as low back pain and neck pain are considered an orthopedic problem. Therefore, even mild discomfort should be considered.
Is the risk of transmission higher in asymptomatic people?
Since asymptomatic people behave flexibly in protective measures such as social distance and use of masks, the rate of transmission is higher. Everyone from the person suspected of being sick protects himself, but the rules are violated in asymptomatic people, so the rate of contagion increases.
The risk of transmission has nothing to do with the immune system
While people who strictly follow the protective measures and do not enter crowded places, for example, even if they are occupied, sometimes it is very easy to get infected, it may not infect people who work in crowded environments and have to enter risky environments for long periods. Sometimes it may not infect people living in the same house. This has nothing to do with whether the immune system of the person exposed to the virus is strong. This situation is all about whether the high-risk contact has occurred.
Particular attention should be paid to personal protection measures in the light of all this information, especially when the virus has recently mutated, and mask distance and hygiene rules should be followed.