Today in History: Mustafa Kemal Announced to Journalists That He Will Establish the People's Party

Republican People's Party
Republican People's Party
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December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 25.

Railways

  • 6 December 1938 The opening of the railway between Adana Central Station and the city of Adana was opened. Cenup Railways Inc. and repair contract was signed.

Olaylar

  • 963 – VIII. Leo was elected Pope.
  • 1240 – Mongol Khan Batu conquers the city of Kiev, which he has been under siege since November 28. In the future, the population of the city would decrease from 50 thousand to 2 thousand.
  • 1768 – The first edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica is published.
  • 1790 – The United States Congress moves from New York to Philadelphia.
  • 1862 - US President Abraham Lincoln ordered that 303 of the 39 Indians arrested by participating in the Sioux revolt in Minnesota be hanged; The executions were carried out on 26 December.
  • 1865 - A clause prohibiting slavery was added to the US constitution.
  • 1877 - The first issue of The Washington Post is published.
  • 1877 - Thomas Edison made the first sound recording.
  • 1917 - Finland declared its independence from Russia.
  • 1917 – An ammo depot explodes in Halifax (Canada): over 1900 people are killed, part of the city in ruins.
  • 1921 – The Irish Free State is established as a dominion of the British Commonwealth under the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
  • 1922 - Insulin is tested on patients in a Canadian hospital for the first time.
  • 1922 – Mustafa Kemal met in Ankara National Sovereignty ve New day He announced to the correspondents of his newspapers that he would establish the People's Party.
  • 1922 – Ireland gained full independence from the United Kingdom, one year after the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
  • 1937 – Turkey terminated the Turkey-Syria good neighborly agreement signed in 1927.
  • 1938 - France and Germany signed a friendship treaty.
  • 1940 - Greece occupied the city of Permedi in Albania.
  • 1959 – US President General Eisenhower came to Turkey for an official visit.
  • 1971 - India declared its recognition of the Democratic Republic of Bangladesh, which declared its independence from Pakistan. Pakistan cut off all diplomatic relations with India.
  • 1981 – The dress code was published in the Official Gazette. Headscarves and beards are banned in schools.
  • 1983 – MGK administration came to an end. With the last law it passed, the Council banned “all kinds of written and verbal statements that disparage or humiliate their own terms”.
  • 1989 – BBC Television cancels Doctor Who, the world's longest running science fiction series. This was the end of the Doctor Who Classic Series. On May 12, 1996, the television movie went on the air. Today's series premiered on March 26, 2005.
  • 1997 – An Antonov-type Russian cargo plane crashes between houses in Irkutsk-Siberia: 67 people are killed.
  • 1998 – In Venezuela, Hugo Chávez Frías is elected President.
  • 2008 – 2008 Greek riots: A 15-year-old youth named Alexandros Grigoropoulos was shot by a police bullet in Athens; In response to this event, riots began in the country.
  • 2012 – With the suggestion of Onur Akay, the birthday of Zeki Müren, our sun of art, was celebrated as the Turkish Classical Music Day for the first time on 6 December.

births

  • 1421 – VI. Henry, King of England (d. 1422), first time in 1461-1470 and second time in 1471-1471
  • 1478 – Baldassare Castiglione, Count of Casatico, Italian courtier, diplomat, soldier, and prominent Rönesans was a writer (d. 1529)
  • 1642 – Johann Christoph Bach, German composer (d. 1703)
  • 1727 – Johann Gottfried Zinn, German anatomist and botanist (d. 1759)
  • 1742 – Nicolas Leblanc, French physicist, surgeon, and chemist (d. 1806)
  • 1778 – Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist (d. 1850)
  • 1792 – II. William, King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Duke of Limburg (d. 1849)
  • 1805 – Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician (d. 1861)
  • 1823 – Max Müller, German philologist and orientalist (d. 1900)
  • 1841 – Frédéric Bazille, French impressionist painter (d. 1870)
  • 1849 – August von Mackensen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1863 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist (d. 1914)
  • 1877 – Paul Bonatz, German architect (d. 1956)
  • 1880 – Fedor von Bock, German soldier and Generalfeldmarschall in Nazi Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Joseph Lamb, American Ragtime composer (d. 1960)
  • 1890 – Dion Fortune, English occultist and author (d. 1946)
  • 1898 – Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photographer (d. 1995)
  • 1898 – Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish economist and politician (d. 1987)
  • 1900 – Agnes Moorehead, American actress (d. 1974)
  • 1914 – Francine Faure, French pianist and mathematician (d. 1979)
  • 1916 Yekaterina Budanova, Soviet pilot (d. 1943)
  • 1916 – Kristján Eldjárn, third president of Iceland from 1968-1980 (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – Kemal Canbolat, Lebanese politician (d. 1977)
  • 1917 – Şadi Çalık, Turkish sculptor (b. 1979)
  • 1920 – Dave Brubeck, American jazz pianist and composer (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Austrian conductor (d. 2016)
  • 1929 – Alain Tanner, Swiss screenwriter and filmmaker
  • 1931 – Zeki Müren, Turkish singer, composer, lyricist, actor and poet (d. 1996)
  • 1933 – Henryk Górecki, Polish classical composer (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Bruce Nauman, contemporary American artist
  • 1942 – Peter Handke, Austrian writer and Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Chelsea Brown, American-Australian actress and comedian (d. 2017)
  • 1948 – JoBeth Williams, American actress and film director
  • 1950 - Guy Drut, French athlete and politician
  • 1950 – Joe Hisaishi is a Japanese musician.
  • 1956 – Randy Rhoads, American musician (d. 1982)
  • 1956 – Gungor Şahinkaya, Turkish football player
  • 1959 – Satoru Iwata, Japanese game programmer (d. 2015)
  • 1961 – Emin Şenyer, Turkish karagöz artist
  • 1962 – Nuri Okutan, Turkish bureaucrat and politician
  • 1963 – Ulrich Thomsen, Danish actor
  • 1967 – Judd Apatow, American producer, screenwriter, and director
  • 1969 Torri Higginson, Canadian actress
  • 1969 – Hakan Yılmaz, Turkish TV series and movie actor
  • 1971 – Richard Krajicek, Czech-Dutch tennis player
  • 1975 – Noel Clarke, English actor, screenwriter and director
  • 1976 – Paola Paggi, Italian volleyball player
  • 1978 – Hatice, Turkish singer
  • 1981 – Federico Balzaretti, Italian national football player
  • 1982 - Alberto Contador, Spanish road cyclist
  • 1984 – Sofia, a member of the Swedish royal family
  • 1987 – Onur Kivrak, Turkish football player
  • 1988 – Sandra Nurmsalu, Estonian singer and violinist
  • 1988 – Sabrina Ouazani, French actress
  • 1988 - Nils Petersen is a German football player.
  • 1989 - Deshauna Barber, American model
  • 1991 – Yasemin Adar, Turkish female wrestler
  • 1992 – Britt Assombalonga, Democratic Congolese national football player
  • 1994 – Yannis Andetokunbo, Greek basketball player
  • 1997 – Sabrina Ionescu, American basketball player

Weapon

  • 343 - Agios Nikolaos, St. Nicholas or Noel Baba He was a bishop who lived in Demre district of Antalya, also known as
  • 1185 – Afonso I, Kingdom of Portugal (b. 1109)
  • 1352 – VI. Clemens, pope who remained in office from May 7, 1342 until his death in 1352 (b. 1291)
  • 1658 – Baltasar Gracián, Spanish writer (b. 1601)
  • 1855 – William John Swainson, English ornithologist, malacologist, conchologist, entomologist, and painter (b. 1789)
  • 1867 – Giovanni Pacini, Italian musician and opera composer (b. 1796)
  • 1868 – August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)
  • 1882 – Louis Blanc, French socialist politician, journalist, and historian (b. 1811)
  • 1882 – Alfred Escher, Swiss politician and businessman (b. 1819)
  • 1889 – Jefferson Davis, American general and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1892 – Ernst Werner von Siemens, German inventor and industrialist (b. 1816)
  • 1936 – Leyla Saz Hanım, Turkish composer and writer (b. 1850)
  • 1945 – Alfred Saalwächter, German U-Boot commander (b. 1883)
  • 1961 – Frantz Fanon, French philosopher (b. 1925)
  • 1967 – Cavid Erginsoy, Turkish physicist and scientist (b. 1924)
  • 1972 – Adnan Veli Kanık, Turkish writer and journalist (b. 1916)
  • 1974 – Nikolay Kuznetsov, Fleet Admiral of the Soviet Union (b. 1904)
  • 1976 – João Goulart, Brazilian politician and President (b. 1918)
  • 1984 – Viktor Shklovsky, Russian writer and critic (b. 1893)
  • 1988 – Roy Orbison, American singer, guitarist, and songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 1990 – Tunku Abdulrahman, Prime Minister of Malaysia (b. 1903)
  • 1991 – Richard Stone, English economist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Don Ameche, famous actor and voice actor who frequently appeared in American musical films (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – César Baldaccini, French sculptor (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Philip Berrigan, American peace activist (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Ralph H. Baer was a German-American inventor, game developer, and engineer (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Peter Vaughan, English actor and producer (b. 1923)
  • 2017 – Conrad Brooks, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Johnny Hallyday, French rock composer, songwriter and actor (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – José de Anchieta Júnior, Brazilian politician (b. 1965)
  • 2018 – Larry Hennig, American professional wrestler (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Joseph Joffo, French writer (b. 1931)
  • 2018 – Pete Shelley, English punk rock singer, songwriter and guitarist (b. 1955)
  • 2019 – Yevda Abramov, Azerbaijani politician (b. 1948)
  • 2019 – Ron Leibman, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2019 – Stoyanka Mutafova, Veteran Bulgarian actress (b. 1922)
  • 2020 – TB Ekanayake, Sri Lankan politician (b. 1954)
  • 2020 – Tabaré Vázquez, Uruguayan politician (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Senta Wengraf, Austrian film and television actress (b. 1924)
  • 2020 – Ali-Asker Zarei, Iranian soldier and conservative politician (b. 1956)

Holidays and special occasions

  • St. Nicholas Day
  • Turkish Art Music Day

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