Orsay's story resembles Haydarpaşa Train Station: 1939 is a useless building that has lost its station character because it is not suitable for long trains. At 1970, they are thinking of demolishing the building and building a hotel instead. When the Parisians object, the government decides to turn the building into a museum at 1977. Opened at 1986, the Orsay Museum 32 has hosted more than a million 93 visitors annually.
Newspaper Wallfrom Melishan Devrim; The Musée d'Orsay is one of the most visited addresses of Paris, not only in terms of its collection, but also because it is a work of art. When the Orsay Palace (Palais d'Orsay), built during the Napoleon period, was burned down during the 1810 Paris Commune, a large station building was built on the site of the palace. The opening of the station building coincided with the opening of the 1871 Paris Universal Exhibition, and the arrival point of the guests arriving from abroad was Paris Orsay Station. The 1900 meter-long station building was the most 'industrial' building of that period in terms of 175 thousand tons of metal, but the entire metal structure was hidden behind an ornate stone façade to match the Louvre. The station building, which has been operating for nearly 12 throughout the year, lost its function as a result of the introduction of longer trains at 40.
The French were seriously interested in what they could do with the culture and art they had after the 2.World War. For the first time under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle, the Ministry of Culture was established. André Malraux, the first to be appointed to this ministry, was an art historian, particularly interested in the field of art psychology. Although there was no notable development during the period of Malraux, who served as the country's first minister of culture between 1959-1969, the Parisians were always very strong in protecting their city.
Orsay Station, which has not been used since 1939, was directly opposite the Louvre, in the heart of the city. The new government, disturbed by the fact that a building in the middle of the city has become dysfunctional, has allowed the demolition of the station building at 1970 and replaced it with a modernist-style hotel. Jacques Duhamel, the minister of culture after Malraux, who led this decision, directed the cultural policy of the government to centralism. It adopted a policy of dissolving minority cultures into a common national culture. Duhamel, who succeeded in transferring the budget allocated to the local administrations to his ministry, lost his seat at 1973 and there was a change in the cultural policy of France, thus avoiding the collapse of Orsay train.
CIVILES AUDITED MUSEUM CONSTRUCTION
At 1977, it was decided to turn the station building into a museum. At the 1975, the French Museum Directorate made this suggestion and aimed at making this area a 'museum space' with the building becoming a museum between the Louvre and the National Museum of Modern Art at Georges Pompidou Center. 1978 was given a civilian commission to supervise the conversion of the building, which was given the status of historical monument, to the museum, and the museum was inaugurated by François Mitterrand, president of the time.
MUSEUM AS AUTOMOTIVE STATE INSTITUTION
The change in France's cultural policy has contributed greatly to the national economy. In the 1990, the Louvre and Versailles Palace museums were declared 'autonomous state institutions', and these museums were allowed to create their own budgets and use their own revenues. In the 2000s, various incentives such as tax cuts were offered to private sector institutions that fund national museums. During the ministry of art historian Malraux, the cultural industry, which contributed only 0.39 to the country's economy, reached a volume of 1981 billion francs in 2,6 and 1993 billion francs in 13,8. Today, the amount of French cultural income 7,3 billion euros.
MAKING MUSEUMS WITHOUT LOSSING GAR ARCHITECTURE
During the conversion of the Orsay Train Station into a museum, the main architectural elements that became the signature of the building were left as they were. Glass-covered ceilings, large halls with high ceilings, monumental clocks inside the station and clock-shaped windows were transformed into a museum without losing anything from 19 century architecture. Considering the fact that the building is 19 century, the four-storey museum was transferred to the museum as an impressionism. 1848.yüzyıl statues are found in the main hall of the station and furniture and photographs of the period are exhibited in the museum. The most famous impressionist works are on the top floor. The monumental clocks on the windows of the Orsay Museum are the favorite area for tourists to take photographs.
The Orsay Museum, which has undergone two years of extensive restoration at 2011, costing $ 27 million dollars, hosts more than 3 million visitors every year. In the latest restoration, an approach was applied by painting the walls in pastel colors in harmony with the paintings and revealing the colors in the paintings. More than a million people have visited the museum since its opening in 1986. The museum, which includes the works of the most famous French masters such as Edouard Manet, Gustave Courbet, Vincent Van Gogh, Renoir and Rodin, also hosts temporary exhibitions to expand his collection. Inside the museum there is an auditorium and cinema hall.
As an autonomous state institution, let's say museums to Haydarpaşa Train Station in terms of leaving the museums to the management of experts and bringing the 19 century buildings into the country with new functions.