Today in History: Agreement Made to Transfer Hong Kong to Chinese Control in 1997

Hong Kong
Hong Kong

September 26 is the 269th (270th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 96.

Railways

  • September 26, 1920 Deputy Nafia İsmail Fazıl Pasha went to Eskişehir and seized the Afyon-Uşak railway on behalf of the Ankara Government.

Events

  • 1364 – The Battle of Serbs indigo took place between the Ottoman Army and the alliance army consisting of the Serbian Empire, the Kingdom of Hungary, the Second Bulgarian Empire, the Bosnian Banlik, and the Wallachian Principality.
  • 1907 - New Zealand declared its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1930 – The People's Republic Party was founded in Adana.
  • 1932 – The First Turkish Language Congress was convened. Language Day was celebrated for the first time.
  • 1941 – II. The Battle of Kiev in World War II ended.
  • 1947 – United Kingdom announces that Palestinians and Jews must decide their own futures; Therefore, he decided to evacuate Palestine.
  • 1964 – Turkish Cypriot and Greek Regiments were placed under the command of the Cyprus Peace Corps.
  • 1978 – United States President Jimmy Carter approved the law that lifted the embargo on Turkey.
  • 1984 – China and the United Kingdom agree to transfer Hong Kong to Chinese control in 1997.
  • 1990 – Hiram Abas, former Deputy Undersecretary of the National Intelligence Organization (MIT), was killed by the Revolutionary-Left organization in Istanbul.

Births

  • 931 – Muiz, 19th caliph of the Fatimid State and 953th Ismailiyya imam between 21 March 975 – 4 December 14 (d. 975)
  • 1784 – Christopher Hansteen, Norwegian geophysicist and astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1791 – Théodore Géricault, French painter and lithographer (d. 1824)
  • 1792 – William Hobson, First Governor of New Zealand (d. 1842)
  • 1816 – Paul Gervais, French paleontologist and entomologist (d. 1879)
  • 1831 – Adolph Saphir, a Hungarian Jew who converted to Christianity and became a Jewish Presbyterian missionary
  • 1869 – Winsor McCay, American cartoonist and graphic artist (d. 1934)
  • 1869 – Komitas Vartabed, Armenian priest, musicologist, composer, arranger, and choirmaster (d. 1935)
  • 1870 – Christian X, king of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 (d. 1947)
  • 1874 – Lewis Hine, American photographer (d. 1940)
  • 1877 – Alfred Cortot, French-Swiss pianist and conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Arnaldo Foschini, Italian architect and academic (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Archibald Hill, English physiologist (d. 1977)
  • 1888 – TS Eliot, English poet (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Hans Reichenbach, contemporary neopositivist thinker who also taught in Turkey, where he escaped from Nazi Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Jürgen Stroop, SS General of Nazi Germany and Warsaw Ghetto demolition police 1942-1943 (d. 1952)
  • 1897 – VI. Paulus, pope 1963 – 1978 (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
  • 1905 – Karl Rappan, Austrian football player and manager (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Anthony Blunt, Soviet spy and British art historian (d. 1983)
  • 1914 – Achille Compagnoni, Italian mountaineer and skier (d. 2009)
  • 1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness expert, voice actor, actor (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Barbara Britton, American film and television actress (d. 1980)
  • 1926 – Julie London, American actress and singer (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Enzo Bearzot, coach who led Italy to the title at the 1982 FIFA World Cup (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Frederick Andermann, Canadian medical doctor and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – Philip Bosco, American actor (d. 2018)
  • 1932 – Donna Douglas, American actress and comedian (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Joyce Jameson, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1932 - Manmohan Singh, Indian politician and 17th Prime Minister of India
  • 1936 – Winnie Mandela, South African politician and activist (d. 2018)
  • 1937 – Valentin Pavlov, Soviet official who became a Russian banker after the collapse of the Soviet Union (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Kerem Güney, Turkish musician (d. 2012)
  • 1945 – Bryan Ferry, English singer-songwriter
  • 1946 - Claudette Werleigh becomes Haiti's first female Prime Minister
  • 1947 – Lynn Anderson, American singer and country music singer (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – Olivia Newton-John, Australian singer, songwriter and actress
  • 1949 – Clodoaldo, former Brazilian football player
  • 1949 Jane Smiley, American novelist
  • 1949 – Minette Walters, English writer
  • 1956 - Linda Hamilton, American actress
  • 1957 – Kalus Augenthaler, German football player and manager
  • 1960 – Uwe Bein, German former football player
  • 1962 – Mark Haddon, English novelist
  • 1962 – Al Pitrelli, American musician
  • 1964 – Nicki French, English singer and actress
  • 1965 – Petro Poroshenko, Ukrainian businessman and politician
  • 1966 – Christos Dantis, Greek singer
  • 1966 – Jillian Reynolds, Canadian actress, television host, and sportscaster
  • 1968 – James Caviezel, American actor
  • 1969 – Holger Stanislawski, German coach and former football player
  • 1970 – Igor Boraska, Croatian rower and bobsleigher
  • 1971 – Pelinsu Pir, Turkish theater and film actress
  • 1973 – Ras Kass, American rapper
  • 1975 – Emma Härdelin, Swedish musician
  • 1975 – Chiara Schoras, German actress
  • 1976 – Michael Ballack, German football player
  • 1977 – Kerem Özyeğin, Turkish guitarist
  • 1979 – Taavi Rõivas, Estonian politician
  • 1980 – Henrik Sedin, Swedish professional ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Asuka, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Yao Beina, Chinese singer and actress (d. 2015)
  • 1981 – Christina Milian, American R&B and pop singer
  • 1981 – Marina Maljković, Serbian basketball coach
  • 1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player
  • 1983 - Ricardo Quaresma, Portuguese football player
  • 1984 – Müjde Uzman, Turkish actress
  • 1985 – Greg Stiemsma, American basketball player
  • 1988
    • James Blake Litherland, English singer, musician and record producer
    • Kiira Korpi, Finnish figure skater
    • Servet Tazegül, Turkish taekwondo player
  • 1991
    • Berk Atan, Turkish model and actor
    • Yusuf Çim, Turkish singer and actor
  • 1993 – Michael Kidd-Gilchrist, American basketball player
  • 1994 – İlyas Kubilay Yavuz, Turkish football player
  • 1995 – Sachiro Toshima, Japanese football player
  • 1996 – Emeka Friday Eze, Nigerian football player

Deaths

  • 1242 – Fujiwara no Teika, Japanese poet, calligrapher, and sage (b. 1162)
  • 1328 - Ibn Taymiyya, Arab Islamic scholar (b. 1263)
  • 1620 – Taichang, 14th Emperor of China's Ming Dynasty (b. 1582)
  • 1826 – Alexander Gordon Laing, Scottish explorer (b. 1793)
  • 1860 – Milos Obrenovic, Serbian Prince (b. 1780)
  • 1868 – August Ferdinand Möbius, German professor of astronomy (b. 1790)
  • 1902 – Levi Strauss, American garment manufacturer (Levi's Blue Jean) (b. 1829)
  • 1914 – August Macke, German painter (b. 1887)
  • 1918 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1937 – Bessie Smith, American blues singer (b. 1894)
  • 1939 – Ali Saip Ursavaş, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1945 – Bela Bartok, Hungarian composer (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Kiyoshi Miki, Japanese Marxist thinker (who made efforts to spread the idea of ​​a non-communist democratic socialism in Japan after World War II) (b. 1897)
  • 1948 – Gregg Toland, American cinematographer (b. 1904)
  • 1951 – Hans Cloos, German geologist (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – George Santayana, Spanish-American philosopher, poet, and author (b. 1863)
  • 1959 – Solomon Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan politician and Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Danyal Topatan, Turkish cinema artist (b. 1916)
  • 1976 – Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian scientist (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist who won the "Nobel Prize in Physics" in 1924 (b. 1886)
  • 1983 – Tino Rossi, French singer and actor (b. 1907)
  • 1988 – Branko Zebec, Yugoslav former international football player and manager (b. 1929)
  • 1990 – Alberto Moravia, Italian novelist (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Hiram Abas, Turkish intelligence officer (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Ayşen Aydemir, Turkish actress (b. 1964)
  • 2000 – Baden Powell, Brazilian guitarist and composer (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Kerim Afşar, Turkish theater artist (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Robert Palmer, English singer (b. 1949)
  • 2004 – Marianna Komlos, Canadian bodybuilder and professional wrestler (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Byron Nelson, American golfer (b. 1912)
  • 2008 – Paul Newman, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – Nihat Nikerel, Turkish actor and writer (b. 1950)
  • 2010 – Gloria Stuart, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Johnny Lewis, American actor (b. 1983)
  • 2015 – Eudóxia Maria Froehlich, Brazilian zoologist (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Mario Bedogni, Former Italian hockey player (b. 1923)
  • 2017 – Robert Delpire, French art publisher, editor, curator, filmmaker and graphic designer (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Barry Dennen, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2017 – Květa Fialová, Czech actress (b. 1929)
  • 2017 – Morton A. Kaplan, American scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2018 – Chauki Maddi, Brazilian singer and composer (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – Manuel Rodríguez, Chilean former international football player (b. 1939)
  • 2019 – Jacques Chirac, French politician and President of France (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Adele Stolte, German soprano singer and academic voice teacher (b. 1932)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Turkish Language Day
  • European Language Day

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