Today in History: 109 People Died in Explosions in Front of Ankara Train Station

Explosion at Ankara Train Station
Explosion at Ankara Train Station

October 10 is the 283th (284th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 82.

Railways

  • 10 October 1875 Ottoman finance, interest and installments of debts 5 announced that the halves for the year.
  • Construction of 10 October 1924 Ankara-Musaköy line started.

Olaylar 

  • The Hagia Sophia church, which was burned in the rebellion in 415-404, was built by the Byzantine Emperor II. It was rebuilt and opened by Theodosius.
  • 680 – Karbala Incident: Imam Hussein, the grandson of Muhammad, was beheaded in Karbala.
  • 1780 - About 20000 people died in the "Great Hurricane" in the Caribbean.
  • 1847 – A solar eclipse was observed in Istanbul.
  • 1858 - The independence movement against the Spanish Empire begins in Cuba.
  • 1896 - The Times supplement of the newspaper The Times Literary Supplement'The first issue is out.
  • 1903 - Emmeline Pankhurst founded the "Women's Social and Political Union" to lead the women's liberation struggle in England.
  • 1911 - Revolutionaries led by Sun Yat-sen overthrew the Manchu Dynasty in China.
  • 1930 – Turkey suppresses the Barzani Tribe's Oramar Uprising, which lasted about four months.
  • 1933 – A plane belonging to United Airlines was sabotaged. It was the first civilian aircraft to be shot down.
  • 1938 - The Czechoslovak Government transferred the Sudetenland region to Germany in accordance with the Munich Agreement.
  • 1944 – Nazi massacre: 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered in the Auschwitz camp.
  • 1945 - The Workers' Party of Korea was founded under the leadership of Kim Il-sung.
  • 1964 – The 18th Summer Olympics started in Tokyo.
  • 1965 – General Election results: AP obtained the majority with 240 deputies. CHP 134, MP 31, YTP 19, TYPE 15, CKMP 11 MPs. For the first time in the history of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, a socialist party (TİP-Turkish Workers Party) was entitled to form a group with 15 MPs.
  • 1969 – Federation of Ideas Clubs (FKF) was renamed Revolutionary Youth Associations Federation (Dev-Young).
  • 1970 - British colony Fiji declared its independence.
  • 1975 – Resistance started at Etibank Borax and Acid Factories in Bandırma.
  • 1975 - Papua New Guinea became a member of the United Nations.
  • 1976 – State Security Courts abolished (re-established 1982-2004).
  • 1980 – President Gen. Kenan Evren published his order titled “The Considerations to be Considered and Complied with by the Turkish Armed Forces”: “The ideology of the members of the Turkish Armed Forces is ATATURKism.”
  • 1980 – The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front is founded in El Salvador.
  • 1982 - Priest Maximilian Kolbe, who voluntarily died in the Auschwitz concentration camp instead of an unknown political prisoner, was canonized.
  • 1985 – American F-14 warplanes force an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers who hijacked the Achille Lauro cruise ship to land at a NATO base in Sicily. The pirates were arrested.
  • 1986 – About 7,5 people died in the 1500 magnitude earthquake in San Salvador.
  • 1991 – Classical Turkish music artist Alaeddin Yavaşça was given the title of State Artist.
  • 1991 - Pink Floyd, The Wall Due to their contribution with their albums, they were included in the honor list by the British National Brick Distributors Association.
  • 1993 – PASOK, led by Andreas Papandreou, wins the elections in Greece.
  • 1997 - Hurricane Pauline, which lasted 5 days in Mexico and caused 200 deaths, subsided.
  • 1997 – A DC-9 type aircraft of Argentine Airlines, on the Posadas-Buenos Aires flight, crashed in Uruguay; 74 people died.
  • 2002 – Hungarian writer Imre Kertész wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • 2007 - The first album available for download online in Rainbowswas released on the Radiohead group's website.
  • 2009 – A protocol was signed for the opening of Akyaka Border Gate between Turkey and Armenia in Zurich, Switzerland.
  • 2010 – The autonomous Netherlands Antilles of the Kingdom of the Netherlands were dissolved and 3 new autonomous countries (Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten) were formed under the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • 2015 – Ankara attack: In the “Labor, Peace, Democracy Meeting” held in Ankara, 2 people were killed and more than 109 injured in 500 separate explosions in front of the Ankara Train Station.

births 

  • 1470 – Yavuz Sultan Selim, 9th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1520)
  • 1486 – III. Charles, French noble (d. 1504) Duke of Savoie from 1553 to 1553
  • 1684 – Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
  • 1731 – Henry Cavendish, English physicist and chemist (d. 1810)
  • 1813 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (d. 1901)
  • 1825 – Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic and leader of the Boer resistance (d. 1904)
  • 1830 – II. Isabel, Queen of Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1834 – Alexis Kiwi, Finnish writer (d. 1872)
  • 1857 – Yusuf Izzeddin Efendi, Turkish soldier and prince of the Ottoman Dynasty (d. 1916)
  • 1861 – Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian traveller, scientist, diplomat, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1872 – Dionisios Kasdaglis, Egyptian-Greek tennis player (b. 1931)
  • 1883 – Adolf Joffe, Russian communist revolutionary, Bolshevik politician, and Karaite diplomat (d. 1927)
  • 1895 – Alfred Neuland, Estonian weightlifter (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Wolfram von Richthofen, German fighter pilot (in Nazi Germany, cousin of the Luftwaffe's Generalfeldmarschalli and the “Red Baron” (d. 1945)
  • 1900 Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor and painter (d. 1966)
  • 1908 – Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Claude Simon, French writer and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Parsons, English actor, radio and television presenter (d. 2020)
  • 1923 – Murray Walker, Formula 1 motorsport commentator (d. 2021)
  • 1924 – James Clavell, American novelist, screenwriter, and film director (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Ed Wood, American screenwriter, director, producer, and actor (d. 1978)
  • 1928 – Leyla Gencer, Turkish opera singer (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Ayten Alpman, Turkish singer (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Harold Pinter, English playwright (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Yves Chauvin, French chemist (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Tomris Oğuzalp, Turkish actor and voice actor (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Uner Teoman, Turkish athlete
  • 1936 – Gerhard Ertl, German physicist
  • 1938 – Daidō Moriyama is a Japanese photographer.
  • 1941 – Peter Coyote, American actor, director, and writer
  • 1941 – Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian writer, television producer, environmentalist (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Radu Vasile, Romanian politician, historian and poet (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – Tanju Korel, Turkish film actor and director (d. 2005)
  • 1945 – Sacit Onan, Turkish director, poet and voice actor (d. 2010)
  • 1946 – Taha Akyol, Turkish journalist and writer
  • 1946 – Charles Dance, English actor, screenwriter and director
  • 1946 – Naoto Kan, Japanese politician
  • 1946 – John Prine, American country folk singer, guitarist, songwriter, and composer (d. 2020)
  • 1948 – Séverine, French singer
  • 1950 – Nora Roberts is an American author of romance and adventure novels.
  • 1951 – Lam Po-chuen, Hong Kong actor (d. 2015)
  • 1953 – David Lee Roth, American singer
  • 1953 – Midge Ure, Scottish rock and roll guitarist, singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Fernando Santos, Portuguese coach
  • 1956 – Taur Matan Ruak, East Timorese politician
  • 1958 - Tanya Tucker, American singer
  • 1959 – Arif Peçenek, Turkish football player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1961 – Henrik Jørgensen, Danish athlete (d. 2019)
  • 1963 – Hülya Avşar, Turkish actress and singer
  • 1963 – Anita Mui, Singer and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1963 – Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1964 – Sarah Lancashire, English actress
  • 1964 – Crystal Waters, American dance-pop singer, songwriter
  • 1965 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Tony Adams, English manager and former defender
  • 1966 – İbrahim Erkal, Turkish singer, composer, lyricist and actor (d. 2017)
  • 1966 – Bai Ling, Chinese-American film artist
  • 1967 – Gavin Newsom, American politician and businessman
  • 1967 – Michael Giacchino, American composer
  • 1967 – Jacek Zieliński, Polish national football player and manager
  • 1968 – Feridun Düzağaç, Turkish musician
  • 1969 - Manu Bennett, New Zealand actor
  • 1969 – Dilşa Demirbağ-Sten, Turkish-Swedish journalist, writer and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Dean Kiely, Irish national football player
  • 1971 – Graham Alexander, Scottish international football player and manager
  • 1971 – Elvir Bolić, Bosnian football player
  • 1974 – Julio Cruz, Argentine football player
  • 1975 – Ramón Morales, Mexican football player
  • 1978 - Jodi Lyn O'Keefe is an American actress and model.
  • 1979 – Mýa, American singer and actress
  • 1982 - Yasir al-Qahtani is a Saudi national football player.
  • 1982 – Dan Stevens is an English actor and filmmaker.
  • 1983 – Lzzy Hale is an American singer and musician.
  • 1983 – Nikos Spiropulos, Greek national football player
  • 1983 – Tolga Zengin, Turkish football player
  • 1984 - Chiaki Kuriyama is a Japanese actress, singer, and model.
  • 1985 – Marina and the Diamonds, Welsh singer of Greek origin
  • 1986 – Ezequiel Garay, Argentine national football player
  • 1986 – Nathan Jawai, Aboriginal Australian professional basketball player
  • 1988 - Brown Ideye is a Nigerian football player.
  • 1991 – Michael Carter-Williams, American professional basketball player who played for the Orlando Magic of the NBA teams
  • 1991 – Gabriella Cilmi is an Australian singer and songwriter.
  • 1991 – Lali Espósito, Argentine singer, songwriter, actress, dancer, model and director
  • 1991 – Xherdan Shaqiri, Kosovo-Swiss national football player

Weapon 

  • 19 – Germanicus, Roman general (b. 15 BC)
  • 680 – Abbas bin Ali, fifth son of Ali and first son of Umm al-Banin (b. 647)
  • 680 – Ali al-Akbar, Hussein's eldest son, killed in Karbala (b. 662)
  • 680 – Husayn, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (b. 626)
  • 680 – Habib bin Mezahir, one of Hussein's followers in the Karbala Incident.
  • 1659 – Abel Tasman, Dutch sailor, explorer, and merchant (b. 1603)
  • 1800 – Gabriel Prosser, African-American slave (b. 1776)
  • 1837 – Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist and philosopher (b. 1772)
  • 1872 – William H. Seward, 24th Secretary of State of the United States (b. 1801)
  • 1875 – Alexei Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian writer (b. 1817)
  • 1901 – Lorenzo Snow is the fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, presiding from 1898 until his death. (b. 5)
  • 1913 – Katsura Tarō, Japanese soldier and Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • 1914 – Carol I, prince of Romania (1866-1881), later the first king of Romania (1881-1914) (b. 1839)
  • 1914 – Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch politician (b. 1841)
  • 1937 – Ahmet Refik Altınay, Turkish historian (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Joseph Darnand, French soldier (b. 1897)
  • 1963 – Édith Piaf, French singer (b. 1915)
  • 1964 – Cemil Sait Barlas, Turkish politician, journalist and writer (b. 1905)
  • 1964 – Eddie Cantor, American singer, comedian, dancer, and actor (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Kurt Blome, German scientist (in Nazi Germany) (b. 1894)
  • 1970 – Édouard Daladier, French politician (b. 1884)
  • 1973 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian former economist, historian, philosopher, and author (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Hermann Reinecke, German Soldier (Nazi Germany general) (b. 1888)
  • 1974 – Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Soviet sniper (b. 1916)
  • 1977 – İsmail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı, Turkish historian (b. 1888)
  • 1981 – Ali İzzet Özkan, Turkish minstrel (b. 1902)
  • 1982 – Yıldırım Önal, Turkish theater and cinema artist (b. 1931)
  • 1985 – Orson Welles, American actor and film director (b. 1915)
  • 1985 – Yul Brynner, Russian-American film actor (b. 1920)
  • 1986 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian and Brazilian physicist (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Behice Boran, Turkish academic, sociologist and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Kadir Savun, Turkish film actor (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Niyazi Lodos, Turkish academic and entomologist (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan politician and World's first female prime minister (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor (Superman) (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Müşerref Hekimoğlu, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Attilâ İlhan, Turkish poet, novelist, journalist, screenwriter and critic (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Milton Obote, Ugandan politician (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Nail Çakırhan, Turkish journalist, poet and architect (b. 1910)
  • 2010 – Solomon Burke, American blues and soul singer (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – Joan Sutherland was an Australian coloratura soprano known for her bel canto repertoire from the late 1950s to the 1980s (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Birsen Ayda, Turkish film actress (b. 1946)
  • 2011 – Selma Soysal, Turkish mathematician and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Sam Gibbons, Florida-American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Scott Carpenter, American former fighter pilot and astronaut (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Nevzat Kösoğlu, Turkish politician and writer (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Finn Lied, Norwegian liberal politician (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Richard Heck, American chemist (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Steve Mackay, American saxophonist (b. 1949)
  • 2017 – Pentti Holappa, Finnish poet and writer (b. 1927)
  • 2018 – Raymond Danon, French filmmaker (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Tex Winter, American basketball coach and former basketball player (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Ugo Colombo, Former Italian male racing cyclist (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – Juliette Kaplan, British veteran actress (b. 1939)
  • 2019 – Marie-José Nat, French film and television actor (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Amnon Freidberg, Israeli entomologist (b. 1945)
  • 2020 – Vasily Kulkov, Russian football player and manager (b. 1966)

Holidays and special occasions 

  • World Mental Health Day
  • World Balikesir People's Day
  • Ahi Culture Week
  • Craftsmen's Day
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