Specialist from Memorial Ataşehir Hospital Neurology Department. Dr. Hayal Toktaş gave information about types of headaches and what is good for headaches.
Dr. Toktaş gave information about headache: There are many types of headaches due to different reasons. However, headache is generally examined under two main headings as primary and secondary headaches. Tension-type headache, cluster headache, and migraine-type headache are the most common primary headaches that occur without any other disease. Headache caused by different underlying diseases is a secondary type of headache. Headache due to allergic diseases or sinusitis, hormone headache especially seen in women during menstrual period, caffeine headache, effort headache, headache due to trauma, headache due to hypertension, brain tumor or aneurysm can be experienced. Since there are many types of headaches, a detailed history and neurological examination should be done by consulting a neurologist to determine the type of pain. For proper treatment, it should be determined whether the headache is a primary or secondary headache. In this distinction, imaging methods such as Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance (MR) can be used.
Your lifestyle can trigger your headaches
Treatment also differs according to the cause and type of headache. Even treatments for the same type of headache may not give the same response to everyone. People who have long-term migraine or other primary headache complaints know the triggering factors for pain. Staying away from the factors that can be learned over time and that will reveal the pain is one of the precautions that can be taken. In addition to the regulation of daily lifestyle;
- Regular sleep and exercise
- Pain relievers in the treatment of attacks
- Preventive drugs for the prevention of pain
- Botox applications
- Local anesthetic applications
- Methods such as surgical treatment can be applied.
If the headache is due to a different underlying disease, the treatment of this disease can relieve the headache.
Pay attention to these complaints with headache!
Headache can also be a sign of different and serious diseases.
- New onset headache over the age of 65 and under the age of 18
- sudden onset of explosive headache
- Headache accompanied by complaints such as visual impairment, weakness in the arms and legs, fever
- Defining the experienced headache as “the most severe headache I have ever experienced in my life”
If the headache that is always experienced varies in terms of severity, duration and type, a doctor should be consulted without delay.
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Many headaches can be managed with preventative measures, but the methods will differ according to the type of headache. Some types of headaches can be prevented with medication, while others can be caused by the same medication. Therefore, it is important to know what works for the patient. Planning appropriate to the needs and preventive treatments should be discussed with a neurologist.
In general, many headaches can be prevented or improved with some lifestyle changes:
- Getting enough sleep on a regular schedule
- Eat healthy
- Exercising regularly
- Applying methods of coping with stress
- Avoiding trigger factors
Despite all precautions, it may be beneficial to sleep in a ventilated, dark and quiet environment by taking appropriate painkillers for headaches. However, if the pain problem persists despite all the precautions taken, a doctor should be consulted.