Today in History: THY's 'Kop' Plane Crashed in Taurus

THY's Flight Plane Dusted in the Taurus Mountains
THY's Flight Plane Dusted in the Taurus Mountains

March 8 is the 67th day of the year (68st in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 298.

Railways

  • 8 March 2006 A joint venture agreement was signed between TCDD-ROTEM-HYUNDAİ-ASAŞHACO for the railway vehicles factory to be established in Adapazarı.
  • 8 March 2006 A partnership agreement has been signed with Rotem-Mitsui for the supply of the 32 set commuter series for the Ankara suburb.

Events

  • 1010 – Ferdowsi, Shahnameh He completed his epic poem.
  • 1817 - The New York Stock Exchange was established.
  • 1906 – Moro Crater Massacre: US soldiers kill more than 600 unarmed men, women, and children hiding in a crater in the Philippines.
  • 1917 – Women take to the streets in the capital Petrograd for International Women's Day in Russia Tsar II. It led to the start of the February Revolution (23 February in the Julian calendar), which resulted in Nicholas' abdication.[1] This event led to the decision of March 8 as a fixed date for International Women's Day in the Soviet Union, following the October Revolution that took place in the same year, and subsequently, the international socialist and communist movement to celebrate International Women's Day on March 8 by the decision of the Comintern. . However, this date began to gain wider acceptance in the late 1960s and became increasingly universal after the United Nations recognized March 1977 as International Women's Day in 8. 
  • 1919 – The British declared martial law in Antep; He demanded that whatever firearms and injurious weapons were in the city, to be handed over to the British Occupation Forces Command within 24 hours.
  • 1920 – Salih Hulusi Kezrak was appointed as the Grand Vizier.
  • 1921 - Spanish Prime Minister Eduardo Dato is killed by Catalan militants while leaving the Parliament Building in Madrid.
  • 1931 – After the Kublai Incident, the martial law in Menemen was lifted.
  • 1933 – The First Five-Year Development Plan was accepted.
  • 1942 – II. World War II: The Netherlands surrenders to the Japanese on the island of Java.
  • 1943 – İsmet İnönü opened the 7th Grand National Assembly of Turkey and was re-elected as the President. Şükrü Saracoğlu was reassigned to form the government.
  • 1944 – New York Metropolitan Opera gave a concert at Taksim Casino.
  • 1948 – Ordinaryus Prof., who is a dermatologist and venereal diseases specialist, who went into the world medical literature due to a skin disease he described (Behçet's Disease). Dr. Hulusi Behçet died in Istanbul as a result of a heart attack.
  • 1951 – I. Adnan Menderes Government resigned. One day later II. The Menderes Government was established; While three new ministers took office in the government, six were replaced.
  • 1951 – American violin virtuoso Yehudi Menuhin came to Istanbul to give a concert.
  • 1952 - First artificial heart surgery was performed in Philadelphia.
  • 1954 – The Press Law, which envisages heavy penalties for journalists who are judged to harm the political prestige and financial power of the state or who write articles that violate the private life of individuals, was passed by the Parliament.
  • 1954 – Istanbul Governor and Mayor Fahrettin Kerim Gökay made a press statement; He said that the foundation of the metro between Mecidiyeköy and Yenikapı will be laid in April.
  • 1955 – An investigation was launched on the allegation that it was intended to make communist propaganda in a textbook accepted by the Ministry of National Education to be taught in high schools. In the Astronomy textbook, it was determined that there were pictures of Stalin and Lenin, and these pictures were placed in the middle of a meteor picture to attract the attention of the student. It was stated that the issue was reported to the relevant authorities in Ankara and that the book would be confiscated.
  • 1955 – Turkey's first cancer-fighting dispensary was opened.
  • 1956 – Speaking at the rally organized by the Democrat Party in Izmir, Prime Minister Menderes made a speech criticizing the press. “These newspapers are not qualified to be the press of the democratic revolution,” he said. He accused the press of trying to change the facts and overthrow the DP government.
  • 1957 – Former Dean of the Faculty of Political Sciences, Turhan Feyzioğlu, said in his conference at the Turkish Law Institution, “Except for the few years following the Constitutional Monarchy and the first years of the Democratic Party government, the press has longed for freedom.”
  • 1957 – Egypt reopens the Suez Canal.
  • 1962 – The 'Kop' plane belonging to THY, making the Istanbul-Ankara-Adana flight, crashed in the Taurus Mountains. There were no survivors of the eight passengers and three crew members.
  • 1963 – As a result of a coup in Syria, Baathists and Nasserists seized power. Ba'athist officers seized power in Iraq in February, and Prime Minister Abdulkerim Qasim was killed.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: 3500 US Marines land on the Da Nang coast of South Vietnam.
  • 1966 – Justice Party Aydın Deputy Mehmet Reşat Özarda requested a parliamentary investigation against Industry Minister Mehmet Turgut. Özarda claimed that the goods and vehicles of the Ereğli Iron and Steel Works, which were imported duty-free, were given to the Morrison company, of which Prime Minister Demirel is the Turkish representative. Upon this request for investigation, EP Deputy Mehmet Reşat Özarda was expelled from his Party.
  • 1971 – Upon a report that rat poison was placed in the drinking water source of Antakya, the Police called on the residents of the city not to "drink water" at midnight.
  • 1971 – Balikesir Necatibey Education Institute was closed by interrupting education.
  • 1971 – TİP District Secretary was killed in Yıldızeli, Sivas.
  • 1972 – Deputy Chairman of the Democratic Party Yuksel Menderes committed suicide with gas in Ankara. Mutlu Menderes, one of the sons of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, died on 1 March 1978 in a traffic accident. On March 15, 1996, Aydın Menderes was paralyzed as a result of a traffic accident.
  • 1974 – Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport was put into service.
  • 1975 – At the Dostlar Theater in Osmanbey, Istanbul, a public “Women's Day” celebration was held for the first time, with the initiative of the women who carried out the founding work of the Progressive Women's Association (İKD). In the meeting attended by 400-500 women, speeches were made on the meaning and importance of Women's Day and poems were read. In the same year, a celebration was held in Ankara.
  • 1975 – TRT General Directorate, upon the application of CHP and Democratic Party, decided to give these parties as much time as the interview with Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel on TV.
  • 1978 – President Fahri Korutürk informed the Government that İsmail Cem's appointment to the TRT General Directorate was objectionable.
  • 1979 – President Fahri Korutürk, on the debates on the Turkish Armed Forces; "It should be our foremost duty to pay great attention and care to keep our Armed Forces out of all kinds of politics," he said.
  • 1979 – Chief of General Staff Gen. Kenan Evren, who was in England at the invitation of the British Chief of General Staff, said, upon a question addressed to him, that “the legal regulations determining the duties and powers of the Turkish Police and Gendarmerie are insufficient and should be reviewed by the relevant authorities”.
  • 1979 – The Philips Company introduced the Compact Disc (CD) to the public for the first time.
  • 1982 – The Turkish Foundation for the Education and Protection of Mentally Handicapped Children was established.
  • 1983 - Ronald Reagan calls the USSR the "Evil Empire".
  • 1984 – Greece recalls its Ambassador in Ankara after alleged Turkish warships opened fire on a Greek Destroyer. Upon the developments, Turkey instructed the Ambassador of Athens to return to the country.
  • 1984 – State of Emergency laws came into force regarding the implementation of the state of emergency in eight provinces.
  • 1985 – A bomb exploded in front of a mosque in Beirut, killing 85 people and injuring 175.
  • 1987 – Feminist magazine, published by Women's Circle Publishing, began publication. The main authors of the magazine, whose owner and editor-in-chief are Handan Koç; Ayşe Düzkan, Handan Koç, Minu, Defne, Filiz K., Serpil, Gül, Sabahnur, Vildan and Stella Ovadis. The magazine ceased publication in March 1990.
  • 1988 – Editor-in-Chief of Yeni Gündem magazine was sentenced to 7,5 years in prison.
  • 1991 – President Turgut Özal's younger son Efe Özal became a partner in a stock exchange company.
  • 1992 – Police intervened in the celebration marches held in Istanbul and Adana for International Women's Day; some women were beaten, two women were injured and 8 women were detained.
  • 1992 – Istanbul Public Prosecutor's Office followed the obscene broadcasts on private TVs.
  • 1996 – A passenger plane belonging to the TRNC that made the Nicosia-Istanbul flight was hijacked; first to Sofia and then to Munich. It was understood that the person who hijacked the plane was a Turkish citizen named Ramazan Aydın, who wanted to go to his girlfriend in England. Aydın, who released the passengers and crew on the plane, was arrested by the German police.
  • 1998 - Karşıyaka Mufti Nadir Kuru's, Dr. While leading Tibet Kızılcan's funeral prayer; Upon the words "Women can come to the prayer if they want", the women stood by the men and performed the funeral prayer.
  • 1999 – Star newspaper began its publication life.
  • 2000 – For the first time in its political history of more than 30 years, a flag was raised against Necmettin Erbakan, and a candidate for the Chairman of the FP was elected. Kayseri Deputy Abdullah Gül declared his candidacy.
  • 2003 – THY's RC-100 type plane, which made the Istanbul-Diyarbakir expedition, crashed during its landing in Diyarbakir: 74 people were killed and 3 injured.
  • 2004 – The new regulation, which was prepared after the law that removed the secrecy of the Regulation on the Secretariat General of the National Security Council, entered into force. The General Secretariat of the NSC was defined in the regulation as an organization affiliated to the Prime Minister.
  • 2005 – Chechen leader Aslan Mashadov was killed by Russian security forces in a shootout.
  • 2006 – Pope II. Convicted Mehmet Ali, who was extradited to Turkey on 24 June 14 after being imprisoned in Italy for 2000 years due to the assassination attempt against Jean Paul, and who is in Kartal H Type Prison on charges of murdering journalist-writer Abdi İpekçi and "extortion" Ağca was released by the Kartal Heavy Penal Court after the Prison Directorate's letter stating that he had “completed his sentence”.
  • 2010 – There was an earthquake of 6 magnitude in Elazig. 42 people lost their lives.
  • 2020 – In Italy, 14 cities in and around the Lombardy region are quarantined to stop the spread of the coronavirus. The next day, Italy was declared a red zone and quarantine restrictions spread across the country.

Births

  • 1714 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (d. 1788)
  • 1748 – William V, Prince of Orange (d. 1806)
  • 1813 – Japetus Steenstrup, Danish scientist, zoologist (d. 1897)
  • 1822 – Ignacy Łukasiewicz, Polish pharmacist and oil industrialist (d. 1882)
  • 1839 – Josephine Cochrane, American inventor (d. 1913)
  • 1865 – Frederic Goudy, American graphic designer and educator (d. 1947)
  • 1877 – Šatrijos Ragana, Lithuanian humanist writer, educator (d. 1930)
  • 1879 – Otto Hahn, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1883 – Franco Alfano, Italian musician (d. 1954)
  • 1884 – Georg Lindemann, German cavalry officer (d. 1963)
  • 1886 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist (d. 1972)
  • 1887 Patrick O'Connell, Irish football player (d. 1959)
  • 1888 – Gustav Krukenberg, German SS commander (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – Mississippi John Hurt, American blues singer and guitarist (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – Wäinö Aaltonen, Finnish sculptor (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Juana de Ibarbourou, Uruguayan poet (one of South America's most famous female poets) (d. 1979)
  • 1897 – Herbert Otto Gille, general of Nazi Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1898 – Theophilus Dönges, South African politician (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Eric Linklater, Scottish writer (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Louise Beavers, American television actress (d. 1962)
  • 1907 – Constantine Karamanlis, Greek politician (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Hüseyin Hilmi Işık, Turkish writer (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Cyd Charisse, American dancer and actress (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Francisco Rabal (Paco Rabal), Spanish actor (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Peter Graves, American actor (Our Mission is Danger) (d. 2010)
  • 1944 - Pepe Romero, Spanish guitarist
  • 1945 – Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • 1957 – Ali Rıza Alaboyun, Turkish politician
  • 1957 – Cynthia Rothrock, American actress
  • 1959 – Özhan Eren, Turkish musician and director
  • 1964 – Atilla Kaya, Turkish tavern musician (d. 2008)
  • 1967 – Asli Erdogan, Turkish physicist and writer
  • 1971 – Canan Hosgor, Turkish actress
  • 1973 – Anneke van Giersbergen, Dutch singer
  • 1974 – Gökçe Fırat, Turkish journalist and writer
  • 1977 – Johann Vogel, Swiss football player
  • 1978 – Ece Vahapoğlu, Turkish journalist, writer and presenter
  • 1979 – Bülent Polat, Turkish theater, TV series and movie actor
  • 1983 – André Santos, Brazilian football player
  • 1983 – Guray Zünbül, Turkish sailor
  • 1983 – Seda Demir, Turkish TV series and film actress
  • 1995 – Marko Gudurić, Serbian basketball player

Deaths

  • 1089 – Hâce Abdullah Herevi, 11th century sufi and religious scholar (b. 1006)
  • 1403 – Yıldırım Bayezid, 4th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1360)
  • 1844 – XIV. Karl, first French king of Sweden and Norway (b. 1763)
  • 1869 – Hector Berlioz, French composer (b. 1803)
  • 1874 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (b. 1800)
  • 1889 – John Ericsson, Swedish explorer (b. 1803)
  • 1891 – Antonio Ciseri, Swiss artist (b. 1821)
  • 1917 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German aircraft manufacturer (b. 1838)
  • 1921 – Eduardo Dato, Spanish politician and lawyer (b. 1856)
  • 1923 – Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1837)
  • 1925 – Seyyid Bey, Turkish politician and writer (b. 1873)
  • 1930 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (b. 1857)
  • 1931 – Mammadhasan Hadjinski, Prime Minister of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (b. 1875)
  • 1941 – Sherwood Anderson, American author (b. 1876)
  • 1942 – José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban world chess champion (b. 1888)
  • 1944 – Hüseyin Rahmi Gürpınar, Turkish writer (b. 1864)
  • 1948 – Hulusi Behçet, Turkish dermatologist (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Drastamat Kanayan, Armenian soldier and politician (b. 1883)
  • 1959 – Bekir Sıtkı Kunt, Turkish politician and Republican period storyteller (b. 1905)
  • 1961 – Thomas Beecham, English conductor (b. 1879)
  • 1964 – Franz Alexander, founder of Hungarian Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychoanalytic Criminology (b. 1891)
  • 1965 – Urho Castrén, President of the Finnish Supreme Administrative Court (b. 1886)
  • 1971 – Harold Lloyd, American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Erich von dem Bach, German soldier (Nazi officer) (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Yuksel Menderes, Turkish politician (b. 1930)
  • 1975 – George Stevens, American film director and Academy Award winner for Best Director (b. 1904)
  • 1975 – Joseph Bech, former prime minister of Luxembourg (b. 1887)
  • 1977 – Fikret Ürgüp, Turkish doctor and storyteller (b. 1914)
  • 1980 – Nusret Hızır, Turkish philosopher (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Billy Eckstine, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Ninette de Valois, Irish-born English dancer and choreographer (b. 1898)
  • 2004 – Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestine Liberation Front (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Aslan Mashadov, Chechen leader (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Erol Mutlu, Turkish academic, writer and director (former Deans of Ankara University Faculty of Communication) (b. 1949)
  • 2008 – Sadun Aren, Turkish academic and politician (Former Faculty Member of Ankara University SBF) (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – İsmet Bozdağ, Turkish researcher and writer of recent history (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Sam Simon, American television producer and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Ercan Yazgan, Turkish theater, cinema, TV series actor and director (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Max von Sydow, Swedish film actor (b. 1929)
  • 2021 – Rasim Öztekin, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor (b.1959)

Holidays and special occasions

  • International Women's Day
  • Technology Week (8-14 March)

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