Today in History: Turkey Joins the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Turkey Joins the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund with the IMF
Turkey Joins the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund with the IMF

March 11 is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 295.

Railways

  • 11 March 1930 Orders-Balıköy line was opened

Events

  • 1702 - England's first national newspaper published daily, Daily courant started to come out.
  • 1851 – Giuseppe Verdi's opera Rigoletto is staged for the first time in Venice.
  • 1867 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Don Carlos, first in Paris Théâtre Impérial de l'Opéra'was also staged.
  • 1902 – The Copa del Rey football tournament started to be played.
  • 1914 – Cemal Pasha was appointed as the Minister of the Navy.
  • 1917 – In World War I, the British captured Baghdad.
  • 1918 – Army units of the Russian Empire and Western Armenia Administration were withdrawn from Karlıova in Bingöl, Ilıca in Erzurum and Fındıklı districts in Rize.
  • 1928 – Bucaspor club was founded in Izmir.
  • 1938 – Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg resigns; was replaced by the pro-Nazi Arthur Seyss-Inquart, who invited German troops to enter Austria.
  • 1941 – The Lend-Lease Act is signed.
  • 1941 – An assassination attempt was made on the British Ambassador to Sofia, Rendell, at the Pera Palace Hotel in Istanbul. Four people died in the incident, Rendell survived.
  • 1947 – Turkey joined the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • 1949 – Israel and Jordan sign a ceasefire agreement in Rhodes.
  • 1951 – The first Asian Games, held in New Delhi, India, come to an end.
  • 1954 – The State Supply Office was established.
  • 1958 – Turkey recognized the United Arab Republic formed by the states of “Egypt, Syria and Yemen”.
  • 1959 – The 4th Eurovision Song Contest was held. Netherlands, voiced by Teddy Scholten A little He won first place with his song.
  • 1970 – As a result of the agreement between Saddam Hussein and Mustafa Barzani, the Iraqi Kurdistan Autonomous Region was established.
  • 1976 - Former US President Richard Nixon admitted that he had ordered the CIA to prevent the election of Salvador Allende during the Chilean elections.
  • 1980 – The Process Leading to the 12 September 1980 Coup in Turkey (1979 - 12 September 1980): A total of 7 people were killed, 13 of them by shooting.
  • 1981 – Restoration of the building called Palacio de La Moneda, the Presidential Palace of the Republic of Chile and where Salvador Allende was killed, is completed.
  • 1981 – Kosovo protests erupt.
  • 1985 – After the death of Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev was appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1988 – The first F-16, completely assembled in Turkey, was delivered to the Air Force Command.
  • 1990 – Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – The Chilean dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet is overthrown.
  • 1996 – The Democracy and Peace Party was founded.
  • 2003 – International Criminal Court started its duty.
  • 2004 – 191 people were killed and more than 1800 injured in a bomb attack on train stations in Madrid.
  • 2005 – In memory of those who died in the Madrid attack, the Forest of the Dead monument was unveiled.
  • 2011 – Sendai Earthquake and Tsunami: An 05 magnitude earthquake struck Japan at 46:8.9 local time. Japan faced the worst earthquake and tsunami disaster in its recorded history.
  • 2020 – The World Health Organization declares the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. On the same day, Minister of Health Fahrettin Koca announced that the first case of COVID-19 was seen in Turkey.

Births

  • 1754 – Juan Meléndez Valdés, Spanish neoclassical poet (d. 1817)
  • 1811 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1818 – Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer, educator, and choreographer (d. 1910)
  • 1838 – Ōkuma Shigenobu, eighth Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1922)
  • 1847 – Sydney Sonnino, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1922)
  • 1884 – Ömer Seyfettin, Turkish storyteller (d. 1920)
  • Kazım Orbay, Turkish soldier, one of the commanders of the Turkish War of Independence and Chief of General Staff (d 1964)
  • Edward Rydz-Śmigły, Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Armed Forces, politician, painter and poet (d. 1941)
  • 1887 – Raoul Walsh, American film director (d. 1980)
  • Enis Behiç Koryürek, Turkish poet (d. 1949)
  • Michael Polanyi, Hungarian philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Otto Grotewohl, German politician (d. 1964)
  • Dorothy Gish, American film and stage actress (d. 1968)
  • Yakup Satar, Turkish soldier (Veteran of the Turkish War of Independence and the First World War in the Iraq Front, winner of the Red Stripe Medal of Independence) (d. 2008)
  • 1899 – IX. Frederik, King of Denmark (d. 1972)
  • 1906 – Hasan Ferit Alnar, Turkish composer and conductor (d. 1978)
  • 1907 – Helmuth James Graf von Moltke, German lawyer (d. 1945)
  • 1916 – Harold Wilson, British politician and Prime Minister (d. 1995)
  • 1921 – Astor Piazzolla Argentine composer and bandoneon player (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Güzin Özipek, Turkish theater artist (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – İlhan Selçuk, Turkish journalist and writer (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – İlhan Mimaroğlu, Turkish composer and writer (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Ralph Abernathy, American priest and leader of the American civil rights movement (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Metin Eloğlu, Turkish poet (d. 1985)
  • 1928 – Albert Salmi, American stage and film actor (d. 1990)
  • 1930 – Kemal Bayazıt, Turkish physician and heart surgeon (d. 2019)
  • 1931 – Ion Besoiu, Romanian actor (d. 2017)
  • 1937 – Alexandra Zabelina, Soviet fencer
  • 1942 – Uluç Özülker, Turkish diplomat
  • 1947 – Füsun Önal, Turkish singer, writer and actress
  • 1949 – Cezmi Baskin, Turkish actor and director
  • 1952 Douglas Adams, English writer
  • 1955 – Frances Ginsberg, American opera singer (d. 2010)
  • 1957 – Qassem Soleimani, Iranian soldier (d. 2020)
  • 1963 – Davis Guggenheim, American director and producer
  • 1963 - Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian astronaut
  • 1963 – Meral Konrat, Turkish actress, singer and presenter
  • 1967 – John Barrowman, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – David LaChapelle, American photographer and director
  • 1969 - Terrence Howard, American actor
  • 1971 – Gülse Birsel, Turkish journalist, actress and writer
  • 1971 - Johnny Knoxville, American actor
  • 1972 – Emre Törn, Turkish actor
  • 1976 – Mariana Díaz-Oliva, Argentine professional tennis player
  • 1978 – Didier Drogba, Ivorian football player
  • 1978 – Hayko Cepkin, Armenian-Turkish composer, singer and pianist
  • 1988 – Fábio Coentrao, Portuguese football player
  • 1989 – Anton Yelchin, Russian-American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1993 – Anthony Davis, American professional basketball player

Deaths

  • 222 - Elagabalus or Heliogabalus, Roman Emperor from 218 to 222 (b. 203)
  • 222 – Julia Soaemias, viceroy of the Roman Empire (b. 180)
  • 928 – Tomislav becomes the first king of Croatia
  • 1514 – Donato Bramante, (real name: Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio), Italian architect (b. 1444)
  • 1570 – Niccolò Franco, Italian writer (b. 1515)
  • 1646 – Stanisław Koniecpolski, Polish commander (b. 1591)
  • 1803 - Shah Sultan, III. Mustafa's daughter (b. 1761)
  • 1846 – Tekle, Georgian royal princess (batonishvili) and poet (b. 1776)
  • 1883 – Alexander Gorchakov, Russian diplomat and statesman (b. 1798)
  • 1898 – Dikran Çuhacıyan, Armenian-born Ottoman composer and conductor (b. 1837)
  • 1907 - Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Perier, French politician and businessman. He was the sixth head of state of the Third French Republic (b. 1847)
  • 1908 – Edmondo De Amicis, Italian writer (b. 1846)
  • 1914 – Tayyareci Nuri Bey, Turkish soldier and one of the first Ottoman pilots (b. 1891)
  • 1931 – FW Murnau, German film director (b. 1888)
  • 1935 – Yusuf Akçura, Turkish writer and politician (b. 1876)
  • 1936 – David Beatty, British Royal Navy admiral (b. 1871)
  • 1945 – Walter Hohmann, German physicist (b. 1880)
  • 1947 – Wilhelm Heye, German soldier (b. 1869)
  • 1949 – Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • 1950 – Heinrich Mann, German writer (b. 1871)
  • 1955 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist (b. 1881)
  • 1957 – Richard E. Byrd, American admiral and explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1958 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, founder of Lego company (b. 1891)
  • 1965 – Malik Sayar, Turkish geologist and academic (b. 1892)
  • 1967 – Yusuf Ziya Ortaç, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – Geraldine Farrar, American opera singer and actress (b. 1882)
  • 1968 – Haşim İşcan (Haşim Baba), Turkish politician and Mayor of Istanbul (b. 1898)
  • 1969 – Sadi Işılay, Turkish composer (b. 1899)
  • 1970 – Erle Stanley Gardner, American author of detective stories (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Philo Farnsworth, American inventor (b. 1906)
  • 1976 – Boris Iofan, Jewish-born Soviet architect (b. 1891)
  • 1978 – Claude François, French pop singer and songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1980 – Zekeriya Sertel, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1890)
  • 1983 – Galip Balkar, Turkish diplomat and Ambassador to Belgrade (victim of Belgrade Attack) (b. 1936)
  • 1992 – László Benedek, Hungarian-born American film director (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Richard Brooks, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Lars Ahlin, Swedish writer (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Ali Sururi, Turkish theater and film actor (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Manuel Piñeiro, Cuban intelligence officer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – James Tobin, American economist (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Hürrem Erman, Turkish filmmaker (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslav politician (b. 1941)
  • 2010 – Turhan Selçuk, Turkish cartoonist (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Berkin Elvan, Turkish citizen (b. 1999)
  • 2015 – Şadan Kalkavan, Turkish ship owner and businessman (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Emre Saltık, Turkish baglama artist (b. 1960)
  • 2017 – Mohammed Micarul Kayes, Bangladeshi bureaucrat and diplomat (b. 1960)
  • 2021 – Florentín Giménez was a Paraguayan pianist and composer (b. 1925)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Crone Cold (Beginning of Berdul incapacity)
  • Withdrawal of Russian Empire and Western Armenia Administration army units from Karlıova district of Bingöl (1918)
  • Withdrawal of Russian Empire and Western Armenia Administration army units from Ilıca district of Erzurum (1918)
  • Withdrawal of the army units of the Russian Empire and Western Armenia Administration from the Fındıklı district of Rize (1918)

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