Medical Aesthetic Physician Dr. Mesut Ayyıldız gave information on the subject. Acne occurs as a result of the obstruction and swelling of the ducts that secrete sebum in the middle layer of the skin and then become inflamed with bacteria. Blackheads (comedones) occur as a result of increased oil secretion in the skin and clogging of the pores. These comedones are then invaded by bacteria and raised red and inflammatory bumps form on the skin. Extremely large ones leave marks on the skin.
Acne usually begins in adolescence and can extend into the thirties and forties. There is also a benign type of acne specific to infancy. It is more common in men than in women. The most common; It is seen on the face, back, arms and chest.
Factors affecting acne formation
In the formation of acne; Genetics, nutrition, environmental factors and hormones play a role. The role of the testosterone hormone is known in both sexes. In some cases, testosterone hormone is high, in some cases testosterone is normal, but the response of fat cells to testosterone is excessive. Acne in one of the parents makes it easier to develop acne in their children. Some drugs, especially hormone drugs, have acne enhancing properties. In some cases, excessive oily skin is the main factor. Poor quality cosmetic products, excessive fatty foods can increase acne. The intensity of acne may increase in autumn and winter.
Types of acne
Acne Vulgaris are simple acne that usually occurs in adolescents. Rather, they are seen on the face. It is in the form of black spots and yellow closed papules. Large nodules and cysts are usually not seen. Scar development can be minimized with early treatment.
Acne Conglabata is a type of acne characterized by severe cysts and abscesses. It is mostly seen on the trunk. Polycystic Ovarian disease may be accompanied by excessive hair growth and menstrual irregularity. Acnes leave deep scars.
Acne Fulminans is a disease characterized by fever and joint pain and severe acne seen in adolescent boys.
Spotty skin care
It should be washed twice a day with special soaps or cleansing gel solutions for the face. Spotty skin is very sensitive to spot formation, so oil-free sunscreen should be used. These creams also moisturize the skin and prevent irritation. Oil-free moisturizers can be used to deal with the dryness and irritation caused by acne medications.
It is necessary not to squeeze comedones and acne. Chemical peeling is performed by the doctor for the cleaning of comedones and comedones are emptied with special comedones.