Who is David Lloyd George?

Who is David Lloyd George?
Who is David Lloyd George?

David Lloyd George (pronounced: deyvid loyd corc) (born 17 January 1863 - d. 26 March 1945), British politician, prime minister 1916-1922. David's first name is Lloyd George's last name. Shortly before his death in 1945, he was given the rank of Count Dwyfor.


He was the last prime minister to be elected from the Liberal Party. He ruled his country during the First World War, played a leading role in the reshaping of Europe after the war. He supported the policy of breaking up the Ottoman Empire and led the British government during the Turkish War of Independence. which is why the establishment of the Republic of Turkey was the chief architect of the war against the Turks opened.

Youth years

Born in 1863 in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, Lloyd George is the first and only British Prime Minister to be of working class origin and originally Welsh.

He studied law. Affected by Austen Chamberlain's reform program in the 1885 elections, he joined the Liberal Party. Fighting for Ireland's autonomy (Home Rule), Prime Minister William Ewart became a follower of Gladstone. He tried to create a similar autonomy program for the Country of Wales. He entered the parliament in 1890. He was recognized in the Parliament especially for his opposition to the official status of the Anglican Church and the Boer War.

He entered the cabinet in 1905. He became finance minister in 1908. He played a leading role in the establishment of the social security system in England. He defended workers' rights. By fighting the privileges of the House of Lords, he helped to reduce the aristocracy's weight in British politics.

Prime Ministry

When the Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister Asquith, split in 1916, Lloyd George broke up with a wing of the party and formed a coalition government backed by the Conservative Party. He became prime minister on December 6, 1916. In the last two years of World War I, he led the British war policy with the five-man "War Cabinet".

The Paris Peace Conference held after the war was the pinnacle of Lloyd George's career. During his five months in Paris, he established an easy advantage over French prime minister Clemenceau and US president Wilson. After the war, he played a leading role in determining the new world order, especially Germany and the Ottoman Empire.

The Chanak Affair in September 1922 brought the end of Lloyd George's prime ministry. After the liberation of İzmir, the Turkish cavalry corps under the command of Fahrettin Altay headed towards Istanbul through the Dardanelles Strait. The Turkish army gave an ultimatum to the British forces in Çanakkale and asked for passage. Thereupon, French troops in the area withdrew on the order of the French Prime Minister. British Prime Minister Lloyd George gave the ultimatum in order to resist the British forces and refusing to look at a group of government has announced it will be jointly issued a statement declaring war on Turkey. The Canadian Prime Minister, who did not want this war, declared that Canada's political independence was declared de facto for the first time in history, stating that the Canadian parliament would decide the war, not the British government. British Conservative Party elders and members of the public and the government also opposed the war with Turkey. When foreign minister Lord Curzon and war minister Winston Churchill also opposed the prime minister's confrontational policy, the Conservative Party left the coalition on October 19, 1922, with the Carlton Club declaration, and the government fell. [1] Both Lloyd George and his Liberal Party failed to come to power once more in British history.

The following years

Lloyd George remained in parliament as a Liberal Party deputy until 1945. During this period, he witnessed the downsizing and marginalization of the Liberal Party. His statement in favor of Adolf Hitler in 1936 sparked criticism. In the early years of the Second World War, he advocated Anglo-German peace against the Soviet Union. He died in 1945 at the age of 82.

Turkey's politics

During the Turkish War of Independence, he ruled the British government. It watched extremely hard and uncompromising policy against Lloyd George to Turkey in the period following World War II. The Izmir-Konya-Antalya triangle was given to Italy before the Greeks landed soldiers in Izmir, but it was more appropriate for Britain's interests to give the region to Greece, which is weaker than strong Italy. That's why George supported the Greek invasion of Anatolia.

In addition, the Treaty of Sevres, the expulsion of the Greek army to Anatolia after the Turkish government resisted the Treaty of Sevres, the Treaty of Sevres was not compromised at the 1921 London Conference, the rejection of the Greek Prime Minister Gounaris' proposal to withdraw from Anatolia in the summer of 1922, and the Dardanelles in September 1922. escalating tensions with Turkey point to the war, Lloyd George personally manage all the product of the policies.

In addition, the Greek leader Lloyd George's attitude towards Turkey Venizelos'l friendship linking commentators, after the fall of the November 1920 ruling Venizelos was forced to explain to pursue the same policies. According to some historians, as Gladstone's apprentice in his youth, he was influenced by his anti-Turkish views. According to some, Wales and Ireland struggle for minority rights in the case, is the source of sympathy shown to minorities in Turkey.

In a speech made by Lloyd George after the Turkish War of Independence, he said, “Human history can raise a genius in a few centuries. Look at our misfortune that it originated in Asia Minor. Against us. What could be done? " This discourse has not been documented yet. [2]

Death

He resigned as prime minister in October 1922 and could not come to power again. He married Miss Frances Stevenson in 1943. He lost his reputation and died in 1945.



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