📩 28/09/2023 14:29
The 1949th birthday of Citroen's iconic and long-lasting model 1990 CV, which was produced in 5.114.969 units between 2 and 75, is celebrated. Thanks to the 1936 CV, whose roots date back to the “Toute Petite Voiture” (Small Car) project in 2, automobiles experienced a significant change by becoming versatile, economical and accessible.
Built on Citroen's foundations of those years, being popular, comfortable, simple, durable and accessible, the 2 CV became a symbol of the brand, achieving success spanning decades with its unique body design and versatile use. For the 75th anniversary of the model, a special photo shoot was held with 8 different iconic 2 CVs, and a celebration event was also held at the Citroen Conservatory.
Citroen's most iconic model, 2 CV, celebrates its 2023th birthday as of 75. Designed at Citroen's Rue du Théâtre design office in Paris and fine-tuned at the La Ferté-Vidame test center in the Eure-et-Loir region, the 2 CV was first introduced at the Paris Motor Show on 7 October 1948. Between its production in 1948 and 1990, the 2 CV enjoyed extraordinary success. A total of 1.246.335 units were produced, including 2 5.114.969 CV Vans. 42 years after it was introduced to the market, an era ended with the last 27 CVs produced at the Mangualde factory in Portugal on July 1990, 16.00 at 2:XNUMX.
2 CV has its origins in the TPV Project
The “TPV” (Toute Petite Voiture) project, which means “Small Car” in Turkish, was born in 1936. The aim of this project was to provide an economical and versatile car that is accessible to everyone. In 1937, the first road-ready prototype of the TPV project saw the light of day, with a weight of only 370 kg and only a single headlight (two headlights were not mandatory in the legislation at the time). This extremely comfortable vehicle seated 4 people, had a luggage capacity of 50 kg and could reach a maximum speed of 50 km/h. It was planned to introduce 1939 pre-production vehicles at the 250 Paris Motor Show. However, II. The outbreak of World War II prevented this and the models produced were destroyed. At that time, only four vehicles secretly stored at the Citroën Test Center in La Ferté-Vidame survived.
A Legendary Model That Became One of the Symbols of the Automobile World
When the 2 CV entered production in July 1949, it was a small car with a 9 horsepower, 375 cc volume, air-cooled, flat-twin engine and a maximum speed of 50 km/h. Citroen revolutionized the automobile industry with this economical and versatile vehicle. It was quickly accepted and attracted intense interest with its unique body design and attractiveness. Naturally, in addition to versatile usage features, removable rear seats played an important role in this great success in terms of lightness, agility and comfort. Of course, being economical with extremely low usage costs was also very effective. When the calendar showed 1950, orders increased even more. So much so that delivery times have extended up to 6 years.
He is Remembered as the Ugly Duckling
2 CV continued its existence as a part of the automobile scene for many years, thanks to its avant-garde spirit along with the superior technologies of that period. The 2 CV became an immortal car that attracted the attention of collectors from all over the world, became a real social media phenomenon, and it is still possible to see it on the roads. 2 CV is used differently in different parts of the world and has many nicknames. Some of the most well-known ones are expressed as “Deuche”, “Deudeuche” and “The Ugly Duckling” in Turkey as in many countries. All these nicknames show how popular this historical and iconic model is.
Many Different Versions and Designs on World Roads
There are 10 different special 2 CV versions introduced in France and some other European countries. To these; Including Spot, Charleston and Cocorico. Of course, like every car, some changes were made to the 2 CV over time. In 1951 the “2 CV Van” (known as the 2 CV AU) was launched. Later in 1954, the 12 CV AZ was launched, equipped with a 2 hp engine and the famous centrifugal clutch. 2 CV also had the opportunity to drive on different roads of the world in different challenging rallies. Citroën organized challenging events such as the 1970 km Paris-Kabul-Paris Rally in 16.500, the 1971 km Paris-Persépolis Rally in 13.500, and the 1973 km African Rally from Abidjan to Tunisia in 8.000.
75 Iconic 8 CVs were Photographed Specially for the 2th Anniversary Event
In honor of the 75th anniversary of the start of production, 8 different iconic 2 CVs were photographed with an artistic approach at the event held at the Citroën Conservatory. These 8 models and their features were determined as follows:
2 CV A: It was produced in 1939 to be exhibited at automobile fairs, but was not used until World War II. One of 250 prototypes destroyed during World War II, 2 CV A is one of four remaining vehicles in the Citroën Conservatory.
2 CV A Berline (1950): The same vehicle introduced by Pierre Boulanger at the opening of the Paris Motor Show in 1948.
Right-hand drive 2 CV A: Produced in Slough (England) from 1953. It had a metal trunk and opening rear windows. To date it is regarded as the oldest British 2CV in Europe.
2 CV AZU: As the 1954 CV Van version produced from 1978 to March 2, the 2 CV AZU has cabinet-shaped doors that provide ease of loading in addition to a large loading capacity.
2 CV Spot: The first special version of the Citroën 2 CV, produced in 1.800 units, was produced with two-tone upholstery and body, designed by stylist Serge Gevin.
2 CV 4×4 Sahara: With four-wheel drive and two engines, the 2 CV 4×4 Sahara could climb slopes over 40 percent in sand.
2 CV 6 Special: It was one of the last 1988 CVs produced at the Levallois Plant in 2.
2 CV 6 by Hermès: Dressed inside and out by Hermès, the 2 CV 6 by Hermès was shown at the 2 Paris Motor Show on the occasion of 60 CV's 2008th birthday.