MasterChef Turkey is in Skopje in the new episode! Skopje, that is, Skopje, which is among the most popular cities of the Balkan geography, took its place on the agenda with its historical and cultural places. Skopje, which is among the places close to our country, has many similarities with Turkey with its food and culture. So, where is Skopje, where is it connected, in which country? Here are all the curiosities with its location and location on the map…
Skopje is the capital and largest city of North Macedonia. The city, which is the political, cultural, economic and academic center of the country, is divided into two by the Vardar River, which runs through it.
The city has been inhabited since 4000 BC at the latest; Remains of Neolithic settlements were found in the Skopje Castle, which overlooks the city center. At the beginning of the 1st century AD, the settlement was captured by the Romans and the settlement was turned into an army camp. With the division of the Roman Empire into east and west in 395, Scupi, then known as Istanbul, remained under the rule of Byzantium. Skopje was caught in the middle of conflicts between Byzantium in the early Middle Ages and the Bulgarian Empire, which made the city its capital between 972 and 992. Part of the Serbian Empire in 1282, the city became the capital of the country in 1346, was captured by the Ottomans in 1392 and was named Skopje by the Turks. The city, which remained under Ottoman rule for more than 500 years, first became the center of the Skopje Sanjak of the Rumelia Province, and later became the center of the Kosovo Province, which was formed with the transition to the province system. The city, which was captured by the Kingdom of Serbia through the Balkan Wars in 1912, became a part of the newly established Kingdom of Yugoslavia after the First World War. II. Although it was occupied by Bulgaria, which sided with the Axis Powers in World War II, in 1944 it became the capital of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, one of the federal states that formed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Skopje II. Although it developed rapidly after World War II, it was damaged by a devastating earthquake in 1963 and became the capital of North Macedonia, which declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Skopje is built on the bed of the Vardar River and is located almost midway between Belgrade and Athens in the Balkans. Being one of the centers of metal industry, chemistry, lumbering, textile, leather and printing industries, the city has accelerated its development with the development of trade, transportation and banking sectors along with cultural and sports activities. The city, which had a population of 2002 people according to the 506.926 official census results, has a population between 491.000 and 668.518 according to two unofficial estimates of the last period.
The name Skopje comes from Scupi, the Latin name of the Thracian-derived classical period Greco-Roman border town. The city, which was called Skopje in the Ottoman Turkish version during the Ottoman period, was named Skoplje in Serbian during the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1912-1941. The city, which was named Skopie (Скопие) between 1941-1944, when it was under the occupation of the Kingdom of Bulgaria, was renamed Skopje in Macedonian in 1945 and this name is officially used, but continues to be called Skopje in Turkish.
Skopje is located in the north of Macedonia, in the center of the Balkan peninsula, between Belgrade and Athens and close to Kosovo. The city was built in the Skopje valley, on a west-east axis along the Vardar River, which flows into the Aegean Sea in Greece. The valley is about 20 kilometers wide and is bounded by several mountain ranges to the north and south. These ranges limit Skopje's urban expansion, which spans across the Vardar and the Serava, a small river that comes from the north. Within its administrative boundaries, Skopje City stretches for more than 33 kilometers, but is only 10 kilometers (6,2 mi) wide.
Skopje is approximately 245 m above sea level and covers 571.46 km2. The urbanized area covers only 337 km2 and has an indigenous population density of 65 per hectare. Skopje includes many villages and other settlements within its administrative borders, including Dračevo, Gorno Nerezi and Bardovci. According to the 2002 census, the city of Skopje itself had a population of 428,988 and consisted of 506,926 people within the administrative borders.
The City of Skopje reaches the Kosovo border in the Northeast. Clockwise, it borders the municipalities of Čučer-Sandevo, Lipkovo, Aračinovo, Ilinden, Studeničani, Sopište, Želino and Jegunovce.
Skopje has a humid subtropical climate, with hot and humid summers and cold and humid winters. It often snows in winter. The average temperature in summer is 31 °C. This temperature sometimes rises above 40 °C. In spring and autumn, the temperature ranges from 15 °C to 24 °C. The average temperature in winter is around 6 °C; At night, the temperature often drops below 0 °C. This temperature drop can progress down to -10 °C. The periods with the highest precipitation throughout the year are October-December and April-June.
THINGS TO DO IN SKOPJE
- Macedonia Square
- Stone bridge
- Turkish Bazaar
- Skopje Castle
- Matka Canyon
- Macedonian Village of Macedonia Selo
TRADITIONAL SKOPJE FOOD
- Answer (Meatballs)
- Pleskavitsa (Bosnian Meatballs)
- Macedonian Stew (Elbasan Pan)
- Tavce Gravce (Stewed Beans)
- Pastrmajlija (Macedonian pita bread)
- Simitpogaça (Bread pastry)
- Shopska (Cheese Salad)
- Kaymaçina (Skopje Dessert)
- Sutlijash (Rice Pudding)
Günceleme: 02/12/2022 11:23