Viral Infections May Increase Brain Tumor Risk

Viral Infections May Increase Brain Tumor Risk
Viral Infections May Increase Brain Tumor Risk

Medical Park Ankara Hospital Brain and Nerve Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. İsmail Bozkurt made statements about brain tumor and its treatment. Stating that a brain tumor can be detected annually in 100-5 of every 10 thousand people in the world, Medical Park Ankara Hospital Brain and Nerve Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. İsmail Bozkurt said, “The clear reasons for the formation of brain tumors are still being tried to be clarified. However, we can say that the known risk factors are age, genetic predisposition, family history, smoking, radiation exposure, previous viral infection (EBV, CMV), living close to electromagnetic fields and head traumas.

There are 150 different varieties

Talking about what a brain tumor is, Op. Dr. Bozkurt said, “Tumor, which means swelling in Latin, can be seen in every tissue of the body, as well as in the brain. Since the average age of people diagnosed with brain tumors is 61, there is an increase in the number of people diagnosed in parallel with the increase in life expectancy and health services. Brain tumors can be detected annually in 100-5 out of every 10 thousand people in the world. Tumors are generally differentiated as benign (benign) and malignant (malignant). There are 150 different types defined in brain tumors and they can grow slowly or rapidly depending on the cell from which they originate. The majority of brain tumors are caused by the spread of cancer in another part of the body.” he said.

Beware of radiation!

Kiss. Dr. Bozkurt said that the clear causes of brain tumor formation are still being tried to be clarified, but the known risk factors are age, genetic predisposition, family history, smoking, radiation exposure, previous viral infection (EBV, CMV), living close to electromagnetic fields and head trauma.

These symptoms should not be ignored.

Saying that the brain is the command center of our entire body, the findings may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor, Op. Dr. Bozkurt listed the symptoms as follows:

  • Headache (new onset, different character, progressively worsening).
  • Nausea/vomiting especially in the morning.
  • Epileptic seizure.
  • Imbalance, dizziness.
  • Impairment of vision, hearing or speech.
  • Weakness, numbness, clumsiness in the arms and legs.
  • Sudden mood change.
  • memory impairment.
  • Sleeping state.
  • Percent disagreement.
  • Personality change.
  • Blurring of consciousness.
  • Difficulty making a decision.

Individuals with a family history of cancer should be careful

Pointing out that individuals with a strong family history of brain tumors should stay away from preventable factors such as smoking and radiation, Op. Dr. Bozkurt said, "If these people also have tumor findings, it is essential that they be examined by a Brain and Nerve Surgery Specialist."

Stating that the most important step in the diagnosis of brain tumor is the patient's history and examination, Op. Dr. İsmail Bozkurt, “An experienced physician may refer to additional diagnostic imaging tests in case of a suspected case after the history and examination. The fastest of these is computed tomography, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is preferred for clearer diagnosis and evaluation. If suspicious findings are observed, the diagnosis becomes clear with medicated (contrast-enhanced) MRI. In some cases, if it is suspected that the tumor has spread from another place, additional scans and examinations such as PET, which evaluates other parts of the body, can be performed.

Stages of the tumor

Talking about the stages of brain tumor, Op. Dr. Bozkurt said, “Although the staging of brain tumors varies according to the type of tumor, the most benign tumors are generally in the stage 1 category, and the most malignant ones are considered as stage 4. Brain tumors are most commonly seen in children and advanced ages, and are slightly more common in men. The average life expectancy in glioblastoma, the most malignant and unfortunately the most common brain tumor of the brain, is 8 months, and this process can be extended with early diagnosis, rapid and effective treatment.

The most common lung cancer has spread to the brain

Emphasizing that lung cancer is the most common in lung cancer, it is followed by breast cancer, malignant melanoma, prostate cancer and colon cancer. Dr. Bozkurt said, “The treatment of brain tumors is shaped according to each patient, so there is no one-size-fits-all treatment approach. The treatment is shaped according to the age, general condition, additional diseases, complaints of the patient, as well as the type, size, number and location of the tumor. However, in most tumors, surgical removal of the most diseased tissue with the least damage (maximal safe resection) is preferred. Then, with the pathological evaluation of the removed tumor, additional treatment options are reviewed (radiotherapy + chemotherapy). Thanks to technological developments, safe and effective surgery has now become easier. Thanks to neuronavigation, maximum tumor tissue can be safely removed with the least harm to the patient with a targeted approach.”

Günceleme: 07/12/2022 14:23

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