From the Department of Chest Diseases at Memorial Ankara Hospital, Uz. Dr. Selda Kaya gave information about lung cancer and risk factors. Saying that early diagnosis increases the success of treatment, Selda Kaya said, “Lung cancer is the uncontrolled proliferation of some cells in the normal lung tissue and forming a mass in the lung. With the progression of the disease, lung cancer, which can spread to the surrounding tissues or other organs through the circulation, is the first cause of cancer-related deaths. While the survival rate is high in lung cancer patients diagnosed at an early stage, this rate decreases in advanced stage cancers. For this reason, it is very critical to make the diagnosis of lung cancer at an early stage.
7 in 1 long-term smokers develop lung cancer
Current smokers have a higher incidence of new lung cancer than those who have never smoked or have quit smoking. The risk of developing lung cancer increases as the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the number of years smoked increase. Lung cancer develops in approximately 30/1 of long-term (average 7 years) smokers. However, within 10 years of quitting smoking, the risk of developing lung cancer decreases by 50 percent compared to the normal population. In terms of prevalence of cigarette smoking, male gender is still at the forefront in the incidence of lung cancer in our country. used his statements.
Kaya stated that the stage of the cancer determines the treatment method. Upset. Dr. Selda Kaya said:
“For the diagnosis of lung cancer, first of all, a physical examination is performed by a physician specialized in chest diseases. Along with the examination, diagnostic tests such as chest X-ray, computed tomography, sputum cytology, bronchoscopy, fine needle aspiration, thoracentesis, thoracoscopy, and thoracotomy may be requested. Determining the stage of lung cancer is important in determining the treatment modality and determining the severity of the disease. Whether the disease has spread to other organs, the patient's effort capacity and mobility in daily life also affect the success of treatment as well as staging.
These factors may increase the risk of lung cancer
Selda Kaya listed the groups at high risk for lung cancer as follows:
“As announced by the Ministry of Health, 90 percent of lung cancers seen in our country are caused by smoking. When effective tobacco control is provided, approximately 110 thousand deaths due to tobacco use, including lung cancers, will be prevented each year.
Although the male gender is at the forefront, the gender gap has been decreasing as a result of the prevalence of smoking among women in recent years. Lung cancer; It has an annual incidence of 61,2 per hundred thousand for both sexes in our country.
Having a family history of lung cancer increases the risk of developing lung cancer compared to other individuals in the community.
A history of occupational or environmental exposure to chemicals doubles the risk for lung cancer. However, there is a risk increase of 8-11 percent in radon gas exposure caused by environmental radiation, and 1,5-5,4 times in asbestos exposure. Radon gas is the most important factor in lung cancer after smoking and is responsible for 3 to 15 percent of lung cancer.
Having diseases that may be in the high risk group such as tuberculosis, pulmonary fibrosis or COPD in terms of cancer increases the risk of lung cancer.
Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of lung cancer. “
Günceleme: 17/11/2022 16:52