prof. Dr. Çağrı Büke gave warnings on the subject by explaining 7 effective measures to protect against diseases in autumn. Büke stated that respiratory tract infections started to be seen more frequently as the weather started to get colder in autumn, schools were opened and more time was spent indoors, adding that Covid-19 infection continued to be a threat with various variants.
Büke underlined that respiratory tract infections do not only consist of Covid-19 and flu, but also that many viruses and, to a lesser extent, bacteria can cause infections in the autumn and winter months.
Referring to the increased incidence of BA.4.6, a new sub-variant that emerged in the USA and England, Büke said, “With influenza infections, the currently dominant Omicron is BA.5 and less frequently BA.4. The peculiarity of these variants, which can cause serious problems in patients in the risk group, is that they are much more contagious than the previous ones. said.
Emphasizing that the resulting variants can also protect themselves from the effects of antibodies, Büke said, “There is another new Omicron variant in India and Europe, which is Omicron BA.2.75, and it has been found that it can also multiply in the lungs of experimental animals. This means that if this variant becomes widespread, it will again be a serious and severe Covid-19 infection.” used the phrases.
“Do not neglect to have both Covid-19 and flu vaccines”
Stating that Covid-19 and flu can show a fatal course, especially in people with risk factors, Büke drew attention to the importance of both vaccine doses against Covid-19 and vaccination against seasonal flu.
Büke, especially for everyone over the age of 60, 12 years and above; He said that those with chronic diseases, those who use drugs that suppress the immune system, those who are obese and pregnant should receive the Covid-19 re-dose vaccine and seasonal flu vaccines.
“Wear a mask indoors”
Emphasizing that it is very important to pay attention to the use of masks in all indoor environments, Büke mentioned that the mask is of critical importance in protecting against both Covid-19 and influenza infections.
Büke underlined that respiratory tract infections do not only consist of Covid-19 and flu, and said, “The mask also has a serious protective feature in preventing the transmission of microorganisms. Again, even in open environments, masks should be used in contact with people with risk factors in areas where the distance cannot be maintained. he said.
“Take care of your diet, exercise and sleep”
Expressing that a strong immune system is important in protecting against infectious diseases, Büke said that it is important to protect the intestinal flora structure, to eat regular and healthy foods, to have adequate rest and quality sleep for at least 7 hours a day, to exercise regularly and to learn to cope with stress. He said that there are certain factors that play a role in his work.
“Avoid taking antibiotics indiscriminately”
Büke stated that antibiotics are used in the treatment of bacterial infectious diseases, but should be used if deemed necessary by the physician, and emphasized that one of the biggest mistakes made in society is the indiscriminate use of antibiotics.
Büke, who said that it will cause the body to develop resistance against bacteria and weaken the body's defense system, and that it will not have an effect in cases where antibiotics are required, said, “An important and large part of respiratory tract infections are caused by viruses and antibiotics have no effect. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics is inconvenient because it both destroys the intestinal flora and leads to the development of resistance. said.
“Do not use vitamins without consulting a doctor”
Büke stated that the use of vitamins in both adults and children without consulting a physician can harm health rather than benefit, and said:
“Drugs containing vitamins and minerals are effective only if they are replaced when these vitamins and minerals are found to be deficient in the blood or when it is determined that they are not at effective levels. Apart from this, there is no definite and clear data that the use of vitamins or minerals makes an additional contribution in respiratory tract infections, when they are not deficient or insufficient. In addition, some vitamins and minerals can accumulate in the body and have a toxic effect and even damage the organs.
“Avoid kissing with the thought of 'he will be offended, upset'”
Büke said that viruses are mostly transmitted by coughing, sneezing and inhaling droplets spread around during speaking, “It is necessary not to be in close contact with people who have a cold. It is very important to avoid kissing with thoughts as the person in front of us will be upset or offended. Otherwise, viruses have the opportunity to be transmitted easily in close contact through the respiratory system.” he said.
“Wash your hands often and do not rub them on your face”
Büke stated that hands should be kept clean by washing or using disinfectant whenever necessary, and that they should not be applied to the face, especially the mouth and eyes during the day, and said, “Especially toilet doors, grips in public transportation vehicles and on the escalators in subways and shopping malls, if possible, use paper paper. It is useful to hold on with a napkin and then throw the paper napkin in the trash. Even if it is held with bare hands, it is essential to clean the hands as soon as possible.” gave warnings.