Today in History: II. After World War II, Japan Surrendered Unconditionally

Japan Surrendered Unconditionally at the End of World War II
II. After World War II, Japan Surrendered Unconditionally

August 14 is the 226th (227th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 139.

Railways

  • 14 August 1869 The company has made arrangements in favor of the company at the end of the negotiations between the Porthole Company and the Porte.
  • 14 August 1911 The railway guards of the Eastern Railways Company were given permission to carry weapons. It was decided to supply the weapons by the companies.
  • 14 August 1944 Beşiri-Garzan line (23 km) entered service.

Events

  • 1893 – For the first time in the world, license plates were attached to cars in France.
  • 1908 – The world's first International Beauty Pageant was held in Folkestone, United Kingdom.
  • 1941 - US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill publish the Atlantic Charter.
  • 1945 – II. At the end of World War II, Japan surrendered unconditionally. Emperor Hirohito announced that his country had surrendered.
  • 1947 – The United Kingdom grants independence to India. After the All India Muslim League Leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Congress Party Leader Cevahirlal Nehru accepted the British plan for the partition of India, the country split into two and the independent Pakistani State was established.
  • 1949 – Christian Democrats elections in the Federal Republic of Germany kazanwas; Konrad Adenauer became Chancellor.
  • 1953 - The USSR declared that it was making a hydrogen bomb.
  • 1973 - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto took office as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • 1974 – In the Republic of Cyprus, the Muratağa, Sandallar and Atlılar Massacre and the Tashkent Massacre were carried out by EOKA-B against the Turkish Cypriots.
  • 1974 – When the ongoing Geneva talks between Turkey, the United Kingdom and Greece on the Cyprus Problem came to a deadlock, the Turkish Armed Forces launched a second military operation in Cyprus. On the same day, Turkish troops entered the capital Nicosia.
  • 1992 – Georgian Army invaded Abkhazia.
  • 2006 – The Hezbollah-Israel war ended with the signed ceasefire.

Births

  • 1755 – Georg Lorenz Bauer, German luteran theologian and covenant critic (d. 1806)
  • 1777 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist (d. 1851)
  • 1819 – Antoine Agénor de Gramont, French diplomat and statesman (d. 1880)
  • 1888 – John Logie Baird, Scottish engineer (d. 1946)
  • 1902 – Mualla Sürer, Turkish theater and cinema artist (d. 1976)
  • 1923 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Sverre Fehn, Norwegian architect (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Georges Prêtre, French conductor (d. 2017)
  • 1926 René Goscinny, French writer (d. 1977)
  • 1926 – Buddy Greco, American jazz and pop singer, pianist, and actor (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Lina Wertmüller, Italian film director
  • 1933 – Richard Ernst, Swiss chemist and physicist (d. 2021)
  • 1941 – David Crosby, American singer, songwriter, and guitarist
  • 1945 – Steve Martin, American comedian, writer, producer, and actor
  • 1945 – Wim Wenders, German film director
  • 1945 – Billy Higgins, British karate
  • 1946 – Susan Saint James, American actress and activist
  • 1947 – Danielle Steel, American writer
  • 1949 – Morten Olsen, Danish former football player and manager
  • 1949 – Aram Gasparovic Sargsyan, Armenian politician and last General Secretary of the Communist Party of Armenia
  • 1950 – Gary Larson, American cartoonist
  • 1952 – Duran Kalkan, Turkish militant, PKK founder and director
  • 1955 – Güler Sabancı, Turkish businesswoman
  • 1957 – Anzat Kuular, Tuvalu singer, theater and film actor
  • 1959 - Marcia Gay Harden, American actress
  • 1959 – Magic Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1960 – Sarah Brightman, English soprano, actress, and songwriter
  • 1963 – Yaprak Özdemiroğlu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • 1966 - Halle Berry, American actress and model
  • 1966 – Tuncay Özkan, Turkish journalist and writer
  • 1968 Catherine Bell, American actress
  • 1968 Darren Clarke, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1969 – Stig Tøfting, Danish national football player and manager
  • 1971 – Raoul Bova, Italian actor
  • 1972 – Laurent Lamothe, Haitian politician
  • 1973 – Jared Borgetti, Mexican former football player
  • 1973 – Jay-Jay Okocha, Nigerian football player
  • 1973 – Timuçin Esen, Turkish musician, film and theater actor
  • 1974 – Silvio Horta, American screenwriter, television producer, and author (d. 2020)
  • 1980 – Aydın Toscalı, Turkish football player
  • 1981 – Berk Hakman, Turkish actor
  • 1981 Kofi Kingston, American professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Mila Kunis, Ukrainian-American actress
  • 1984 – Giorgio Chiellini, Italian football player
  • 1984 – Robin Söderling, Swedish tennis player
  • 1985 – Christian Gentner, German national football player
  • 1987 – Sinem Kobal, Turkish actress
  • 1989 – Ander Herrera, Spanish football player
  • 1990 – Naz Aydemir, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1994 – Cita Citata, Indonesian singer and actress
  • 1994 – Junki Hata, Japanese football player
  • 1994 – Jonathan Restrepo, Colombian football player

Deaths

  • 582 – II. Tiberius, Byzantine emperor (b. 520, ca.)
  • 1464 – II. Pius, 210th Pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1405)
  • 1870 – David Farragut, flag officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War (b. 1801)
  • 1888 – Carl Christian Hall, Danish statesman (b. 1812)
  • 1941 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1951 – William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher and politician (b. 1863)
  • 1955 – Ahmet Reşit Rey, Turkish poet, writer, statesman and politician (b. 1870)
  • 1956 – Bertolt Brecht, German writer (b. 1898)
  • 1956 – Konstantin von Neurath, Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Frédéric Joliot, French physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (b. 1900)
  • 1963 – Clifford Odets, American playwright and screenwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – Musine Kokalari, Albanian writer (b. 1917)
  • 1985 – Nazlı Ecevit, Turkish painter (b. 1900)
  • 1988 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian automaker (b. 1898)
  • 1989 – Bergen, Turkish arabesque-fantasy singer (b. 1958)
  • 1994 – Elias Canetti, Austro-German Jewish writer and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 2002 – Larry Rivers, American painter, musician, filmmaker, and actor (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Dave Williams, American rock singer (b. 1972)
  • 2003 – Helmut Rahn, Former professional international football player (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Czesław Miłosz, Polish poet and essayist (b. 1911)
  • 2011 – Yekaterina Golubeva, Russian actress and writer (b. 1966)
  • 2011 – Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor and director (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Ron Palillo, American stage, film and television actor, writer (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – Maja Bošković-Stulli, Croatian folklorist, literary historian, writer, publisher and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Gia Allemand, American television star and model (b. 1983)
  • 2013 – Lisa Robin Kelly, American actress (b. 1970)
  • 2015 – Agustín Cejas, Argentine former international football player (b. 1945)
  • 2016 – Fyvush Finkel, American actor, singer, and comedian (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Hermann Kant, German writer (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Mohammed Ali Felahatinejad, Iranian weightlifter (b. 1976)
  • 2017 – Nubar Ozanyan, Turkish-born Armenian TIKKO militant (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – Stephen Wooldridge, Australian racing cyclist (b. 1977)
  • 2018 – Mela Hudson, American actress, film producer, director, and writer (b. 1987)
  • 2018 – Jill Janus, American female rock singer (b. 1975)
  • 2018 – Eduard Uspenski, Russian children's book author (b. 1937)
  • 2019 – Ivo Malec, Croatian-born French composer, music educator and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2019 – Kerim Olowu, Nigerian former athlete and high jumper (b. 1924)
  • 2020 – Surendra Prakash Goel, Indian politician (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Ernst Jean-Joseph, Former international football player (b. 1948)
  • 2020 – Moisés Mamani, Peruvian politician (b. 1969)
  • 2020 – Linda Manz, American actress (b. 1961)
  • 2020 – Shwikar Ibrahim, Egyptian actress (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Nesim Tahirović, Bosnian painter and artist (b. 1941)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Pakistan Independence Day
  • World Rabia Day

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