Üsküdar University NPİSTANBUL Hospital ENT Specialist Op. Dr. K. Ali Rahimi said that the epidemic known as earwax is actually not a dirty tissue, but an adipose tissue secreted by the ear.
Expressing that this adipose tissue is located under the skin and is very soft, Op. Dr. K. Ali Rahimi explained the following:
“Since sound is not transmitted from the soft floor, its skin is hard and oil-free adhered to the outer ear canal. But oil-free skin cannot survive. The oil secretes into the canal of the external auditory canal. It keeps the ear oily all the time. Thus, water cannot enter the ear, water escapes from the oil. The complaints of people due to earwax are usually in the form of ear congestion, decreased hearing, ringing in the ear, dizziness, dry cough, pain in the ear, discharge and itching. These complaints may occur in one or both ears.
The dust and dirt that enters the ear during the day adheres to the secretion called cerumen in the outer ear canal and becomes dry. When the secretion dries up, the earwax is pushed from the outer ear to the auricle. Earwax is more common in people who work in dusty and dirty places. The problem starts with cleaning the external ear canal with a swab. If an ear stick is used there, this fatty tissue becomes black or brown because it comes into contact with air. In some people, this adipose tissue is secreted more. While this fatty tissue should come out, since the ear stick is used, it is pushed inwards and the ear canal is blocked.
Earwax produced in the ear has an acidic structure. Therefore, it acts as the body's natural defense mechanism against infections occurring here. But when it is constantly faced with situations such as moisture and scratching, earwax is consumed and the ears are open to infection.” warned.
Expressing that the earwax is pushed to the auricle when it dries due to the structure of the ear, Op. Dr. K. Ali Rahimi continued his words as follows:
“But at times, earwax can build up in the outer ear canal. Therefore, problems such as hearing loss may occur. Generally, a hearing loss of around 25% is observed. However, normal hearing occurs in the ear.
A specialist should be consulted for the removal of earwax. The specialist doctor cleans it by pulling it out with a tool called a shovel or by pulling the earwax outward with a negative pressure aspirator. Some earwax is very hard and does not reach the end of the aspirator. If it does not come to the end of the aspirator, it is first softened by using fatty tissue drugs and cleaned easily with an aspirator.
If the ear fat tissue is not very dense, it is not blocked in the ear. As in adults, a non-clogged ear is not cleaned in children. It is also harmful to clean the ear with earwax. Constantly cleaning the ear and constantly messing with something increases the risk of infection and causes the external dirt to be pushed inside. Do not use ear cleaning swab, especially after bathing, because ear swab pushes the litter accumulated on the outer wall of the ear inward, clogging the ear more and it is very difficult to get out, especially in children. warned.
Noting that the ear will not be blocked if the ear fat tissue is not very dense, Op. Dr. K. Ali Rahimi concluded his speech by saying:
“Then you don't have to clean the ear. If you already remove the fat tissue of the skin, the skin dries out, so the ear becomes open to both infection and itching. Therefore, under no circumstances should you wipe, dry or mix your ears harshly.” He concluded by giving advice.