Today in History: First Audio Television Screening on BBC Channel

First Audio Television Screening
First Audio Television Screening

August 26 is the 238th (239th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 127.

Railways

  • In the telegram sent to Behiç Bey, the General Director of Railways from Reşat Bey, who acted as the Deputy of Nafia at the times of the Great Attack on the 26th of August, 1922, “In this minute, every nation sees our shymendiffs and our devoted shymenders as the only victory of our hero army after Allah. "he said.

Events

  • 1071 – The Battle of Manzikert was won when the army under the command of Alp Arslan, the Great Seljuk Ruler, defeated the Byzantine armies under the command of Romanian Diogenes.
  • 1789 – The French National Assembly accepted the “Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen” in Versailles and laid the foundations of the liberal state of law in Continental Europe.
  • 1896 – 28 members of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnak Party) raided the Ottoman Bank in the Galata district of Istanbul. After 14 hours of fighting and negotiations, the surviving militants fled Istanbul on the bank manager's yacht.
  • 1920 - Women voted for the first time in the United States.
  • 1922 – Turkish War of Independence: The Turkish Army begins the Great Offensive against the Greek Army on the Western Front. The Commander-in-Chief of the Turkish Army, Marshal Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, was directing the attack from Kocatepe himself.
  • 1936 – The United Kingdom gives Egypt its independence, except for the Suez Canal.
  • 1936 – The first audio television show was made on the BBC channel.
  • 1957 - Transistor radio launched. The number of radio receivers, which was only 1927 in 7, exceeded 1950 in the 300s.

Births

  • 1676 – Robert Walpole, English politician and first British Prime Minister (d. 1745)
  • 1728 – Johann Heinrich Lambert, German physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (d. 1777)
  • 1740 – Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French aviator and inventor of the hot air balloon (d. 1810)
  • 1743 – Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (d. 1794)
  • 1819 – Albert, wife of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (d. 1861)
  • 1829 – Theodor Billroth, German surgeon (d. 1894)
  • 1873 – Lee de Forest, American inventor (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Guillaume Apollinaire, Italian-born French poet, writer, and art critic (d. 1918)
  • 1882 – James Franck, German physicist and Nobel Prize-winning scientist (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – Sam Hardy, English football player (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Rudolf Belling, German sculptor (d. 1972)
  • 1898 – Marguerite Guggenheim, American art collector (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Hellmuth Walter, German engineer (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Hans Kammler, German civil engineer (d. 1945)
  • 1901 – Maxwell Taylor, US Army general and former diplomat (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Albert Bruce Sabin, Polish-American medical researcher (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Walter Bruno Henning, East Prussian-born linguist (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Mother Teresa, Albanian nun and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish poet (d. 2008)
  • 1914 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine novelist and short story writer (who combined existential inquiry with experimental writing techniques in his work) (d. 1984)
  • 1918 – Katherine Johnson, American astrophysicist, space scientist, and mathematician (d. 2020)
  • 1920 – Prem Tinsulanonda, Thai military officer and politician (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Çetin Karamanbey, Turkish filmmaker and journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1925 – Alain Peyrefitte, French politician (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Tom Heinsohn, American professional basketball player (d. 2020)
  • 1936 – Benedict Anderson, Anglo-Irish-American political scientist (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Francine York, American film and television actress (d. 2017)
  • 1940 – Don LaFontaine, American voice actor (d. 2008)
  • 1941 – Ayşe Kulin, Turkish writer and journalist
  • 1946 - Alison Steadman, English actress
  • 1949 – Allahshukur Pashazade, Religious Leader of Caucasian Muslims
  • 1950 – Ahmet Özhan, Turkish singer and actor
  • 1950 – Suavi, Turkish songwriter and singer
  • 1950 – Arlene Gottfried, American photographer (d. 2017)
  • 1951 – Edward Witten, American theoretical physicist
  • 1952 – Michael Jeter, American actor and voice actor (d. 2003)
  • 1953 – David Hurley, former senior officer in the Australian Army
  • 1956 – Brett Cullen, American television and film actor
  • 1960 – Branford Marsalis, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1961 – Fahrudin Ömerovic, Bosnia and Herzegovina football player and coach
  • 1962 – Tariq Ramadan, Egyptian-Swiss Islamologist, intellectual and academic
  • 1963 – Kürşat Başar, Turkish journalist, writer, television personality and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Mihriban Aliyeva, vice-president of the Republic of Azerbaijan as of February 21, 2017 and wife of President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev
  • 1966 – Shirley Manson, Scottish recording artist and actress
  • 1969 – Adrian Young, American musician
  • 1970 – Melissa McCarthy, American actress and comedian
  • 1971 – Thalía, Mexican latin pop singer, composer, songwriter, and actor
  • 1976 – Mike Colter, American actor
  • 1976 – Can Gazalcı, Turkish short story and novelist
  • 1977 – Bülent Şakrak, Turkish actor and presenter
  • 1978 - Amanda Schull, American actress and dancer
  • 1979 – Yağmur Sarıgül, Turkish composer and electric guitarist of the maNga band
  • 1980 – Chris Pine, American actor
  • 1980 – Tim Smolders, Belgian football player
  • 1980 – Macaulay Culkin, American actor
  • 1981 – Vangelis Moras, Greek football player
  • 1982 – Gamze Özçelik, Turkish actress, presenter, model and model
  • 1982 – Tuğçe Kazaz, Turkish model, model and actress
  • 1983 – Mattia Cassani, Italian national football player
  • 1983 – Rob Cantor, American singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Colin Kazim Richards, Turkish football player
  • 1986 Tori Black, American porn star
  • 1986 - Cassie Ventura, American singer, model, and actress
  • 1987 – Ksenia Sukhinova, Russian model
  • 1988 – Lars Stindl, German national football player
  • 1989 – James Harden, American professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Mateo Musacchio, Argentine national football player
  • 1991 – Dylan O'Brien, American actor, musician, and director
  • 1993 - Keke Palmer, American actress and singer
  • 1993 – Robert Schick, German football player
  • 1994 - Lauren Taylor, English amateur golfer
  • 1998 – Berke Aygündüz, Turkish basketball player

Deaths

  • 887 – Kōkō, 58th emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 830)
  • 1212 – IV. Mihail Otoreianos was the Patriarch of Constantinople in exile from 1206 until his death in 1212.
  • 1346 – John I, king of Luxembourg from 1313 and Bohemia from 1310, and titular king of Poland (b. 1296)
  • 1666 – Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. ca. 1580)
  • 1713 – Denis Papin, French physicist (b. 1647)
  • 1723 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch scientist (b. 1632)
  • 1810 – Santiago de Liniers, governor of the Spanish colonies (b. 1753)
  • 1850 – Louis-Philippe, king of the French from 1830-1848 (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (b. 1791)
  • 1866 – Joseph Weydemeyer, Prussian and US army officer, journalist, politician, and Marxist revolutionary (b. 1818)
  • 1895 – Friedrich Miescher, Swiss biologist (b. 1844)
  • 1910 – William James, American author and psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1915 – Rupen Sevag, Ottoman Armenian physician (b. 1885)
  • 1921 – Sándor Wekerle, Hungarian politician (b. 1848)
  • 1937 – Andrew W. Mellon, American businessman, industrialist, statesman, philanthropist, and art collector (b. 1855)
  • 1943 – Bimen Şen, Turkish composer (b. 1873)
  • 1944 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer, diplomat, and anti-Nazi resister (b. 1909)
  • 1945 – Franz Werfel, Austrian novelist, playwright, and poet (b. 1890)
  • 1957 – Umberto Saba, Italian poet and novelist (b. 1883)
  • 1958 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (b. 1872)
  • 1971 – Sabiha Sultan, daughter of Sultan Vahdettin (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Adem Yavuz, Turkish journalist (killed by Greeks in Operation Cyprus) (b. 1943)
  • 1974 – Charles Lindbergh, American aviator (the first to fly across the Atlantic Ocean) (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – İsmet Uluğ, Turkish football player, boxer and sportsman (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Charles Boyer, French actor (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – Mika Waltari, Finnish writer (b. 1908)
  • 1980 – Tex Avery, American cartoonist (Bugs Bunny etc.) (b. 1908)
  • 1987 – Georg Wittig, German chemist (b. 1897)
  • 1988 – Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer-songwriter (b. 1957)
  • 1989 – Irving Stone, American author (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Füreya Koral, Turkish female ceramic artist (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Frederick Reines, American physicist (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Marita Petersen, Faroe Islands politician (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Laura Branigan, American singer (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Rainer Barzel, German politician (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Muzaffer Buyrukçu, Turkish writer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Gaston Thorn, former prime minister of Luxembourg (b. 1928)
  • 2010 – Raimon Panikkar-Alemany, Spanish catholic philosopher and theologian (b. 1918)
  • 2016 – Tonny Pronk, Dutch national football player (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – Jānis Reinis, Latvian actor (b. 1960)
  • 2016 – Erika Wallner, Argentine celebrity, theater, film and TV actress (b. 1945)
  • 2017 – Tobe Hooper, American director and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Muzaffer İzgü, Turkish writer and teacher (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Wilson das Neves, Brazilian percussionist and singer (b. 1936)
  • 2017 – Alan Root, British-Kenyan documentary filmmaker and cinematographer (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Inge Borkh, German soprano and opera singer (b. 1917)
  • 2018 – Rosa Bouglione, French circus performer (b. 1910)
  • 2018 – Aretha Franklin, American singer and musician (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Federico Barbosa Gutiérrez, Mexican politician (b. 1952)
  • 2018 – Thomas Joseph O'Brien, American Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1935)
  • 2018 – Neil Simon, American playwright (b. 1927)
  • 2019 – Pal Benko, International chess grandmaster (b. 1928)
  • 2019 – Christian Bonaud, French writer, philosopher and translator (b. 1957)
  • 2019 – Ray Henwood, Welsh-New Zealand actor (b. 1937)
  • 2019 – Tom Jordan, American professional baseball player (b. 1919)
  • 2019 – Isabel Toledo, Cuban-American fashion designer (b. 1960)
  • 2020 – Oscar Cruz, Filipino Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Adrien Gouteyron, French politician (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – Dirk Frederik Mudge, Namibian politician (b. 1928)
  • 2020 – Joe Ruby, American animator, writer, editor, and producer (b. 1933)

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