Today in History: Gertrude Ederle Becomes First Woman to Swim the English Channel

Gertrude Ederle Becomes First Woman to Swim in the Mans Sea
Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim across the English Channel

August 6 is the 218th (219th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 147.

Railways

  • 6 August 1968 Indigenous locomotive manufacturing started in Eskişehir Railway Factory.

Events

  • 1571 – With the surrender of Famagusta to the Ottoman Armies, the conquest of Cyprus is completed.
  • 1661 – The Treaty of The Hague is signed between the Portuguese Empire and the Dutch Republic.
  • 1682 – II. War was declared, culminating in the Siege of Vienna.
  • 1726 – The Holy Roman Empire and the Russian Empire allied against the Ottomans.
  • 1806 – End of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1824 – Simón Bolívar defeats the Spanish Empire army at the Battle of Junín in Peru's Junín Region, considered part of the Peruvian War of Independence.
  • 1825 - Bolivia gained independence from the Spanish Empire. kazanwas.
  • 1890 - The first use of the electric chair took place at Auburn Prison in New York.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Kingdom of Serbia declares war on the German Empire, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire on the Russian Empire.
  • 1915 – British, Australian and New Zealand Corps (Anzac) soldiers landed around Suvla Bay, in the Anafartalar region of Çanakkale, and opened the Anafartalar Front.
  • 1915 – The Battle of Kirte Vineyards begins.
  • 1923 – “Extradition Treaty” was signed between Turkey and America in Lausanne.
  • 1924 – Treaty of Lausanne came into effect.
  • 1926 - Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim across the English Channel.
  • 1932 – The first Venice Film Festival begins.
  • 1945 – II. In World War II, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan: 70.000 people died at that time, and tens of thousands more in the years to come. Over time, the death toll, including cancers caused by radioactivity, exceeded 200.
  • 1960 - Cuban Revolution: In retaliation for the US embargo, all American and foreign property in the country is nationalized.
  • 1961 – USSR cosmonaut German Titov, who is still the youngest space man in space programs, went into space with Vostok 2.
  • 1962 – Jamaica became independent from the United Kingdom. kazanwas.
  • 1984 – The agreement for the establishment of the Turkey-Iraq second oil pipeline was signed.
  • 1991 - Serbian and Croatian leaders reach an unconditional ceasefire agreement.
  • 1996 – Chechen insurgents capture the capital Grozny.
  • 1997 – A Boeing 747 type passenger plane belonging to Korean Airlines crashes while landing on Guam: 228 people are killed.
  • 2007 – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was appointed by President Ahmet Necdet Sezer to form the 60th Government of the Republic of Turkey.

Births

  • 1605 – Johann Philipp von Schönborn, German clergyman (d. 1673)
  • 1638 – Nicholas Malebranche, French philosopher (d. 1715)
  • 1651 – François Fénelon, French Roman Catholic archbishop, theologian, poet, and author (d. 1715)
  • 1667 – Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1748)
  • 1697 – Nicola Salvi, Italian architect and sculptor (d. 1751)
  • 1697 – VII. Karl, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1745)
  • 1777 Georges Louis Duvernoy, French zoologist (d. 1855)
  • 1809 Alfred Tennyson, English writer (d. 1892)
  • 1810 – Ferdinand Barbedienne, French sculptor, engineer, and entrepreneur (d. 1892)
  • 1881 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist (discoverer of penicillin) (d. 1955)
  • 1900 – Yesari Asım Arsoy, Turkish composer, lyricist and performer (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Necdet Mahfi Ayral, Turkish theater and cinema artist (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Lucille Ball, American actress and comedian (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Erik Nilsson, Swedish football player (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Robert Mitchum, American actor and singer (d. 1997)
  • 1926 – Frank Finlay, British film, television and TV actor, stuntman (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – Theodor Wagner, Austrian football player
  • 1928 – Andy Warhol, American painter, filmmaker, and publisher (d. 1987)
  • 1930 – Abbey Lincoln, American jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actor (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Jean-Louis Chautemps, French jazz musician (d. 2022)
  • 1932 – Howard Hodgkin, English printmaker and painter (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – Ahmet Mekin, Turkish cinema and theater artist
  • 1934 – Jeyan Mahfi Ayral Tözüm, Turkish theater, cinema, radio and television series actor
  • 1937 – Baden Powell, Brazilian guitarist and composer (d. 2000)
  • 1937 – Barbara Windsor, English stage, film and television actress (d. 2020)
  • 1946 – Allan Holdsworth, English guitarist, jazz fusion-rock musician and composer (d. 2017)
  • 1947 – Mohammed Najibullah, Afghan politician and President of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (d. 1996)
  • 1950 - Dorian Harewood, American actor
  • 1951 – Catherine Hicks, Emmy Award-nominated American actress
  • 1951 – Christophe de Margerie, French businessman (d. 2014)
  • 1962 – Michelle Yeoh, Chinese-Malaysian actress
  • 1963 – Kevin Mitnick, American hacker
  • 1965 – Yuki Kajiura, Japanese-born composer and music producer
  • 1967 – Erkan Tan, Turkish journalist and presenter
  • 1969 – Elliott Smith, American musician and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1970 – M. Night Shyamalan, Indian director, filmmaker, writer and actor
  • 1972 – Paolo Bacigalupi, American science fiction writer
  • 1972 - Geri Halliwell, British singer
  • 1973 – Asia Carrera, American pornographic actress
  • 1973 Vera Farmiga, American actress
  • 1976 – Melissa George, Australian-American actress
  • 1981 - Abdul Kader Keita, Ivory Coast football player
  • 1983 – Robin van Persie, Dutch football player
  • 1984 – Vedad Ibišević, Bosnian football player
  • 1985 – Bafétimbi Gomis, Senegalese-born French national football player
  • 1986 – Mehmet Akgün, Turkish-German football player
  • 1991 – Erika Selin, Swedish singer
  • 1993 – Özgenur Yurtdagülen, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1994 – Berk İsmail Ünsal, Turkish football player

Deaths

  • 258 – II. Sixtus, Pope until 31 August 257
  • 523 – Hormisdas, Pope from 20 July 514 until his death (b. 450)
  • 750 – II. Marwan, Fourteenth and last Umayyad caliph (744-750) (b. 693)
  • 1221 – Dominic Nuñez de Guzman, founder of the Dominican order (b. 1170)
  • 1272 – István V, King of Hungary, reigning from 1270 to 1272 (b. 1239)
  • 1458 – III. Callixtus, Spanish clergyman and Pope (b. 1378)
  • 1553 – Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician, academic (b. 1478)
  • 1637 – Ben Jonson, English writer (b. 1572)
  • 1657 – Bohdan Khmelnitsky, founder of the Kazakh Hetmanate (b. 1595)
  • 1660 – Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (b. 1599)
  • 1890 – William Kemmler, American convicted murderer (first person executed by electric chair) (b. 1860)
  • 1893 – Nabizade Nazım Ottoman-Turkish writer (Tanzimat era) (b. 1862)
  • 1931 – Bix Beiderbecke, American musician and one of the most original white trumpet players in jazz history (b. 1903)
  • 1959 – Preston Sturges, American film director, screenwriter, and playwright (b. 1898)
  • 1963 – Sophus Nielsen, Danish football player and manager (b. 1888)
  • 1964 – Cedric Hardwicke, English film and stage actor (b. 1893)
  • 1968 – Ivar Tengbom, Swedish architect (b. 1878)
  • 1969 – Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher, sociologist, musicologist, and composer (b. 1903)
  • 1973 – Fulgencio Batista, Cuban soldier and President (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (b. 1903)
  • 1978 – Pope VI. Paulus was pope from 1963 to 1978 (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Feridun Fazıl Tülbentçi, Turkish journalist, poet, writer and novelist (b. 1912)
  • 1982 – Samet Ağaoğlu, Azerbaijan-born Turkish writer and politician (b. 1909)
  • 1985 – Forbes Burnham, Guyanese politician (b. 1923)
  • 1986 – Emilio Fernández, Mexican screenwriter and filmmaker (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Gordon Bunshaft, American architect (b. 1909)
  • 1991 – Kemal Demiray, Turkish educator and writer (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Shapur Bahtiyar, Iranian politician and last Prime Minister of Iran under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (assassinated in Paris) (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Domenico Modugno, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Tuncay Artun, Turkish writer and Chairman of the Istanbul Stock Exchange
  • 1998 – André Weil, French mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1999 – Şemsi Denizer, Turkish trade unionist, Secretary General of TÜRK-İŞ and Chairman of the General Maden-İş Union (as a result of an armed attack) (b. 1951)
  • 2001 – Jorge Amado de Faria, Brazilian writer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Wilhelm Mohnke, SS-Brigadeführer in Nazi Germany (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer engineer (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Rick James, American musician and composer (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician (member of Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Robin Cook, British politician (b. 1946)
  • 2008 – Peri Han, Turkish film actress (b. 1934)
  • 2009 – Bahadır Akkuzu, Turkish guitarist and composer (Kurtalan Ekspres member) (b. 1955)
  • 2010 – Tony Judt, British historian (b. 1948)
  • 2011 – Kuno Klötzer, German football player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Marvin Hamlisch, American composer and conductor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Bernard Lovell, English physicist and radio-astronomer (b. 1913)
  • 2013 – Selçuk Yula, Turkish football player (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – Orna Porat, Israeli theater actor (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Pete Fountain, American clarinetist (b. 1930)
  • 2017 – Nicole Bricq, French politician (b. 1947)
  • 2017 – Betty Cuthbert, Australian former female athlete (b. 1938)
  • 2018 – Patricia Benoit, American actress and film director (b. 1927)
  • 2019 – Umur Bugay, Turkish screenwriter, actor, director and writer (b. 1941)
  • 2019 – Sushma Swaraj, Indian female politician and minister (b. 1952)
  • 2020 – Shyamal Chakraborty, Indian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2020 – Nikolai van der Heyde, Dutch film director and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Fernanda Lapa, Portuguese actress (b. 1943)
  • 2020 – Judit Reigl, Hungarian painter (b. 1923)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Bolivian Independence Day
  • Jamaica Independence Day

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