Anemia May Be Caused by Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Anemia May Cause Vitamin B Deficiency
Anemia May Be Caused by Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Specialist from Memorial Şişli Hospital Internal Medicine Department, Dr. Yeliz Zıhlı Kızak gave information about vitamin B12 deficiency. “Vitamin B12, which has important functions in the body, is obtained through nutrients. Vitamin B12 is involved in DNA synthesis, cell division and the formation of blood cells. Vitamin B12 deficiency causes deterioration of these functions. When no treatment is carried out for this deficiency; Anemia, muscle weakness, intestinal problems, psychological disorders and irreversible neurological diseases may occur. made a statement.

Stating that vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is a heat-sensitive and water-soluble vitamin like other B vitamins, Kızak said, “Although in a small amount, it can be stored in the liver. vitamin B12; It is involved in DNA synthesis, energy production, red blood cell production, nervous system and brain functions. One of its most important functions is to act as a coenzyme in gene duplication.” said.

Vitamin B12 is obtained through food.

Pointing out that there may be many reasons for vitamin B12 deficiency, Kızak said, “The body's need for vitamin B12 is 2-3 mcg daily. Pregnant and lactating mothers need more vitamin B12 per day. If the body does not get enough vitamin B12, vitamin B12 deficiency occurs. used the phrase.

Emphasizing that the most common reason is poor nutrition in terms of foods containing vitamin B12, Kızak said, “The intake of vitamin B12 can only be achieved through food. Especially animal products contain vitamin B12. Vegetarians and vegans who do not consume animal foods often suffer from vitamin B12 deficiency. In addition, eating disorders, some medications, advanced age (65 years and older), inability to consume foods rich in B12 due to food allergies, digestive system diseases such as Celiac and Crohn's diseases, pregnancy, smoking and alcohol consumption can also cause vitamin B12 deficiency. he said.

Vitamin B12 deficiency affects brain and nervous tissue

Pointing out that vitamin B12 is necessary for the health of nervous tissue, Kızak said, “The human body obtains vitamin B12 especially from foods of animal origin (meat, milk and derivatives, eggs, fish). Symptoms seen in the body in case of vitamin B12 deficiency; palpitations, chills, weakness, fatigue, numbness in the limbs, pain on the tongue, mouth ulcers (aphthae), dry skin, hair loss, weight loss and diarrhea. In vitamin B12 deficiency, primarily the brain and nervous tissue are affected. Depression, irritability, forgetfulness, changes in thinking and behavior, and decreased cognitive abilities such as judgment, memory and understanding are psychological symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency. used his statements.

Animal foods rich in vitamin B12

Emphasizing that consuming animal foods reduces the possibility of B12 deficiency, Kızak said, “People with vitamin B12 deficiency due to different etiologies, including nutritional deficiency, malabsorption and metabolism disorders; They can be treated with vitamin B12 pills, injections, and diets designed to increase vitamin B12 intake. Food sources rich in B12 include liver, spleen, kidney, mussels, trout, shrimp, tuna, milk, cheese, yogurt and eggs. It is especially important for people who eat vegetarian and vegan to take vitamin B12 supplements to avoid this vitamin deficiency. In patients with serious clinical disorders or vitamin B12 absorption and metabolism problems, it is more appropriate to prefer B12 injection therapy until an adequate response is obtained. he added.

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