The Srebrenica Massacre or the Srebrenica Genocide is an event that occurred in July 1991 during the Krivaya '1995 Operation by the Republika Srpska Army against Srebrenica in the 95-1995 Yugoslav Civil War (Croatian War and the Bosnian War), and that at least 8.372 Bosnians were killed in Bosnia. It is the name given to the murder by the heavily armed Bosnian Serb army under the command of General Ratko Mladic in the city of Srebrenica in Herzegovina. It has been proven with documents that some women and young children were also killed in the massacre. Apart from the Republika Srpska Army, Serbian private security forces, known as "Scorpions", also participated in the massacre. Although the United Nations declared Srebrenica a safe zone, the presence of 400 armed Dutch peacekeepers could not prevent the massacre.
Srebrenica massacre II. It is also important in that it is the largest mass murder that has taken place in Europe since World War II and is the first legally documented genocide in Europe.
Srebrenica was among the 1992 regions declared as a safe zone by the United Nations, which intervened forcibly in the region after the genocide initiated by the Serbs in Bosnia in 6 after the collapse of Yugoslavia.
The population of the city, which was around 24 thousand before the war, had reached around 60 thousand with refugee migration from other regions. Now Srebrenica had turned into a 'concentration camp' struggling with 'hunger' and 'diseases'. The weapons in the hands of Muslims were collected by the UN Peacekeeping Force for protection reasons.
When the Serbs under the command of Ratko Mladic intensified their attacks on Srebrenica, the application of the Muslims to take back their collected weapons was rejected by the Dutch commander in charge, Thom Karremans. The UN only got two F16s to fly over the city.
Dutch soldiers evacuated the city at midnight on the orders of the Dutch general, the commander of the UN Peacekeeping Force in Bosnia. Dutch Commander Thom Karremans, who was responsible for the security of the city during the war, handed over 25 refugees and the city to the Serbs.
In a video tape that emerged later, the Serbian general was to be photographed giving a gift to the Dutch commander who evacuated the city. A week-long massacre II. It was listed in the archives as the greatest crime against humanity after World War II.
On June 15, 27, 2017 years after the massacre, the Dutch Court found the Dutch soldiers guilty, deciding that the Dutch soldiers acted illegally in connection with the Srebrenista massacre, and that the Netherlands was partially at fault. The court declared that the Dutch government was responsible for 30% of the deaths in Srebrenica.
The Hague Court of Justice considered the week-long massacre a 'genocide'; but decided that Serbia would not be held responsible.
After the 1992 Bosnian War, Serbia became the strategic area of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Especially the eastern part of the country has been declared a Forbidden Zone by the European Union. Within this region was the city of Srebrenica. This was considered as an opportunity for the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, the largest mines with all the material assets of Bosnia and Herzegovina were the only source of income of the country. This was also considered a tool for the Serbs. The military group, which took 10.000 captives in Srebrenica's Tanjarz Rural, where the Muslim population is in the majority and is trying to resist the Serbian persecution with insufficient means, started to kill the prisoners on the orders of Mladic. Serbian brutality reached its peak in Europe and 5 people were killed in the massacre that lasted for exactly 8.300 days. The remaining 2.700 people were released. The bodies of these 8.300 people who were killed were dismembered and their skeletons removed, and these bodies were buried in The Hague Cemetery after they were cremated in the crematorium. About 13 years after the massacre, Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic was caught and arrested together with Radovan Karadzic in the Sermiyan village of Serbia, where he lived as a fugitive. . Following the efforts of the Serbian intelligence to capture Mladic, who has been wanted for 1 years by the international war crimes tribunal in The Hague, special police units carried out an operation in the village of Lazarevo, near the city of Zrenyanin. Ratko Mladic, who used the fake identity "Milorad Komadic" in the operation, was caught. In the statement made by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which was established by the decision of the UN Security Council, it was stated that Mladic will be transferred to The Hague after the legal process that must be fulfilled in accordance with Serbia's domestic law is completed, and this transfer is eagerly awaited.
On July 11, 1995, Ratko Mladic entered the demilitarized city without any difficulty. Then Serbian soldiers killed Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats on the roads and in the mountains. Serbian soldiers dismembered the bodies so that their identities would not be identified, and buried them in 64 mass graves.
List of Serbian Senior Officers and Politicians Wanted, Tried and Convicted for the Srebrenica Genocide by the International Tribunal for War Criminals.
- Boy Krajisnik
- Bilyana Plavsic
- Ratko Mladic
- Zdravko Tolimir
- Radovan Karadzic
On March 11, 24, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague announced its verdict on Serbian leader Radovan Karadzic, who was tried for 2016 different crimes during the Bosnian War. The court found former Serbian leader Radovan Karadzic guilty of committing genocide in Srebrenica, where 8.000 Muslim Bosnians were killed.
The court ruled that the crimes committed in other towns in Bosnia were not 'genocide' and decided that "Karadzic is responsible for committing crimes against humanity in the municipalities in Bosnia". Karadzic was found guilty of 11 of 10 crimes.
The court also ruled that the Serbian leader committed a 'war crime' during the siege of Sarajevo. He was sentenced to 40 years in prison.