Altınbaş University First and Emergency Aid Program Head Lect. See. Özlem Karagöl stated that at the beginning of the accidents that will cause trauma at home, reasons such as families buying small toys, children being curious, taking everything to their mouth, swallowing the food they eat without chewing may cause blockage.
Altınbaş University First and Emergency Aid Program Head Lect. See. Özlem Karagöl stated that traumas are the most common cause of death in young people and children under the age of 18, and pointed out that the causes of death in children under the age of 5 or exposure to trauma are the insufficient development of the motor muscle nervous system.
Instructor See. Özlem Karagöl stated that in the trauma experienced, it should be distinguished as complete or partial trauma, and said, “First of all, we need to recognize the obstruction of the respiratory tract. All families and society should recognize this," he warned.
Partial choking if the child is coughing or crying
Karagöl said, “The child took a foreign object in his mouth. The airway is blocked and the child has difficulty breathing and begins to cough. But if you are communicating with the child while coughing, if you hear the sound of the child coughing and crying, this is a partial blockage. In this case, you have to take the child and put it on your shoulder and help the child cough as if he were burping. After the child continues to cough and cry, we need to look at the child's throat. "We need to check whether the foreign body in the child's throat has come out, and we need to continue the process until it does," he said.
If the child starts to bruise and cannot make a sound, it is a complete occlusion.
Özlem Karagöl emphasized that in complete occlusion, the child is completely out of breath and begins to bruise. Pointing out that the intervention in full occlusion is very different, Karagöl said, “If the child is less than 1 year old in full occlusion, we have to lay him face down on our hand and hit him on the back with the palm of our hand 5 times. After hitting him on the back 5 times, we have to turn the child to the other side and check whether there is a foreign object in his mouth. If it does not come out, we have to press 5 times on the child's stomach with two fingers. We need to repeat this until the child removes the foreign body.
If the child is older than 1 year, it should be hit 5 times in a sweeping manner with the heel of the hand between the two shoulder blades on the back. If the foreign body is not found after the intraoral control, it is necessary to go behind the child and apply 5 times pressure on the belly button and the abdomen. We continue this sequence as 5 back blows, intraoral control, 5 heimlich (abdominal pressure) maneuvers and again intraoral control.
You shouldn't panic. The rule of thumb is to stay calm. He added, "As a result of the blockage, the person coughing should drink drinks such as water or put food in the mouth, as this will increase the congestion," he added.