What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome? What are the Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Methods?

What are the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Symptom Diagnosis and Treatment Methods
What are the Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Methods of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Cihan Kaya made statements about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, which is known as 'egg laziness' in the society and develops as a result of the inability to ovulate every month, is one of the most common hormonal disorders in women of reproductive age. So much so that this syndrome is diagnosed in one out of every 10 women of reproductive age in the world and in our country. Early diagnosis is of great importance in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, the incidence of which has increased in recent years, especially due to the change in dietary habits and the prevalence of obesity. Because, when treatment is delayed, it can trigger the formation of many different health problems, from diabetes to heart diseases, from obesity to fatty liver, as well as preventing pregnancy. Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Cihan Kaya pointed out that even if she has no complaints, every woman should have a regular gynecological examination once a year. With early diagnosis and treatment, serious complications that this syndrome can cause can be prevented or controlled.

The most common symptom is menstrual irregularity.

Although the number and severity of symptoms in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome vary depending on the patient, menstrual irregularity is the most common complaint in most women. It may occur as less than 9 menstruation per year or absence of menstruation for 3 or more consecutive months. Although the exact cause is not yet known, insulin resistance or increased male hormone (testosterone) levels are blamed for the ovulation function not working regularly. Since it does not cause any symptoms, especially in women with regular and weak menses, it is usually detected during examinations for another disease. Problems such as weight gain, hair growth, infertility, hair loss, depression, acne and acne are other symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. While some patients only have menstrual irregularity, some patients may only have acne and male pattern hair growth.

It can trigger many different diseases.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is shown as one of the most important culprits of infertility. Infertility, especially in this syndrome, which is associated with menstrual irregularities; Ovulation disorder occurs due to the impact of egg quality and difficulties in the attachment of the embryo. In addition, obesity and diabetes can negatively affect pregnancy processes. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome negatively affects many different systems in the body as well as problems related to the female reproductive organs. So much so that when left untreated, it can trigger many diseases such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, obesity, heart disease, cholesterol increase, fatty liver, sleep apnea, sleep disorders, male pattern hair growth, acne and acne.

Diagnosis is made by various methods

There is no specific test to diagnose Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. In his diagnosis; General examination, some laboratory tests, questioning of menstrual cycle and family history are important. In addition to these, increased testosterone levels in the hormone analysis also support the diagnosis. Since some patients may have hidden sugar, a sugar loading test is also used.

It can be controlled with treatment!

Although there is no definitive cure, the problems caused by 'Polycystic Ovary Syndrome' can be controlled with treatment. The main approach in its treatment is lifestyle changes, such as adding diet and regular exercise to the life course, since most of the patients are overweight. In overweight patients, menstruation can return to normal with a 10% loss of current weight. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Cihan Kaya, pointing out that early diagnosis and treatment are extremely important in this syndrome, said, “In the patient with irregular menses, menstrual irregularity, acne-hairy and uterine thickening can be prevented with appropriate hormonal treatments. In addition, problems such as diabetes, obesity and heart diseases can be prevented thanks to early measures such as weight loss and treatment of insulin resistance. If there is an infertility problem, it is possible to become pregnant after treatment. In patients who cannot get pregnant spontaneously, pregnancy can be achieved with vaccination treatments or IVF treatments. Assoc. Dr. Cihan Kaya, stating that it is also important to measure blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference at regular intervals, says, "In the presence of blood cholesterol level disorders or insulin resistance, the problem can be controlled with appropriate treatments."

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