Today in History: The Backbone of the First Nuclear Submarine, the USS Nautilus, Is Docked

USS Nautilus, the First Nuclear Submarine
USS Nautilus, the First Nuclear Submarine

June 14 is the 165nd day of the year (166rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 200.

Railways

  • 14 June The port of Iskenderun connected to the 1945 State Railways was put into service.

Events

  • 1777 - The first US flag with stars and stripes is adopted by Congress as the flag of the United States. (The previous flag had the colors of the British flag in the star section)
  • 1789 - The first whiskey distilled from millet was produced by the American priest, preacher Elijah Craig. This type of whiskey was called Bourbon because this cleric lived in Bourbon county, Kentucky.
  • 1830 - France begins colonizing Algeria: In the first step, it landed 34000 soldiers in the city of Sidi Ferruch.
  • 1839 – Gendarmerie Organization was established. Asakir-i Zaptiye Regulation, the first regulation of the organization, was put into effect.
  • 1846 – During the Mexican-American War, the Republic of California declared its independence from Mexico.
  • 1900 - Hawaii joins the United States.
  • 1909 – The first law on the freedom of association, the "Community Law" was accepted.
  • 1925 – Göztepe SK was founded.
  • 1926 - Brazil left the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – Etibank General Directorate was established.
  • 1935 – The law on the establishment of the Faculty of Languages, History and Geography was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1935 – The law on the establishment of the General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration was accepted.
  • 1937 – The independence of the Hatay State was approved by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1940 - German Troops enter Paris.
  • 1949 - The State of Vietnam is established.
  • 1951 – The first commercial computer, the UNIVAC I, is introduced and the first machine is assigned to the "US Census Bureau". (The United States Air Force will receive the latter.)
  • 1952 – The keel of the first nuclear submarine, the USS Nautilus, is laid down.
  • 1964 - Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • 1966 - The Vatican announces that it has repealed the list of banned books called "index librorum prohibitum". The list was first created in 1557.
  • 1977 – President Fahri Korutürk gave the mandate to form a government to CHP Chairman Bülent Ecevit.
  • 1982 – Argentine forces surrender to British troops on the Falkland Islands.
  • 1985 – France, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg sign the Schengen Agreement.
  • 1989 – Smoking in closed places and cigarette advertising and campaigns were banned.
  • 2000 – Mehmet Ali Ağca, who was pardoned in Italy and whose extradition was decided after the Abdi İpekçi assassination, was brought to Turkey.
  • 2001 – Shanghai Cooperation Organization was established with the participation of Uzbekistan in the structure called “Shanghai Five” formed by China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in 1996.
  • 2008 – World famous American actor Johnny Depp and his French lover Vanessa Paradis got married.
  • 2018 – The 21 World Cup, the 2018st FIFA World Cup organization, has started.

Births

  • 1521 – Takiyüddin, Turkish hezarfen, astronomer, engineer and mathematician (d. 1585)
  • 1529 – II. Ferdinand, Duke of Austria (d. 1595)
  • 1736 – Charles Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist (d. 1806)
  • 1811 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (d. 1896)
  • 1823 – Pyotr Lavrov, Russian socialist thinker (d. 1900)
  • 1827 – Charles Gumery, French sculptor (d. 1871)
  • 1832 – Nikolaus August Otto, German mechanical engineer (d. 1891)
  • 1864 – Alois Alzheimer, German neurologist (d. 1915)
  • 1868 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian-American immunologist and pathologist (d. 1943)
  • 1881 – Kaptanzade Ali Rıza Bey, Turkish lyricist and composer (of the songs “Under the Stars” and “Efem”) (d. 1934)
  • 1895 – José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian political leader and writer (first intellectual to apply Marxist historical materialism to Peruvian social analysis) (d. 1930)
  • 1899 – Selim Sarper, Turkish politician (d. 1968)
  • 1910 – William Hanna, American producer (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Martha Greenhouse, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Ernesto Che Guevara, Argentine revolutionary (d. 1967)
  • 1933 – Jerzy Kosiński, Polish-American writer (d. 1991)
  • 1945 – Coşkun Göğen, Turkish film actor
  • 1946 – Donald Trump, American businessman, politician, executive, and author
  • 1949 – Alan White, English musician (d. 2022)
  • 1955 – Perihan Savaş, Turkish actress
  • 1959 – Marcus Miller, American bass guitarist and jazz musician
  • 1961 – Boy George, Irish-British pop music artist, composer and songwriter
  • 1966 - Traylor Howard, American actress
  • 1966 – Eva Lind, Austrian soprano
  • 1969 – Michael Gerber, American writer
  • 1969 – Steffi Graf, German tennis player
  • 1970 – Thomas Mack Lauderdale, American pianist. He is best known for his band, Pink Martini, which he founded.
  • 1970 – Ray Luzier, German musician
  • 1970 – Ilgar Mammadov, Azerbaijani Politician
  • 1971 - Alfred Freddy Krupa, Croatian painter
  • 1972 – Matthias Ettrich, German computer engineer
  • 1973 – Ceca, Serbian singer
  • 1974 - Chloe Black, American pornographic film actress
  • 1976 – Igor Luksic, Montenegrin politician
  • 1976 - Massimo Oddo, Italian football player (World Cup and Champions League winner)
  • 1977 – Consequence, American rapper
  • 1977 – Duncan Oughton, New Zealand national football player and manager
  • 1978 – Diablo Cody, American screenwriter and Academy Award winner
  • 1978 – Nikola Vujčić, Croatian national former basketball player
  • 1981 - Elano Blumer, Brazilian football player
  • 1982 – Lang Lang, Chinese concert pianist
  • 1983 – Louis Garrel, French actor
  • 1983 – Şebnem Kimyacıoğlu, Turkish national former basketball player and lawyer
  • 1983 – James Moga, South Sudanese football player
  • 1984 – Siobhan Donaghy, English singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Zuzana Smatanová, Slovak pop-rock singer
  • 1985 – Gundars Celitans, Latvian volleyball player
  • 1985 – Marvin Compper, German former football player
  • 1987 – Mohamed Diamé, Senegalese national football player
  • 1988 – Victoire Du Bois, French actress
  • 1988 - Kevin McHale, American actor and singer
  • 1988 – Lucca Staiger, German professional basketball player
  • 1989 – Lucy Hale, American actress and singer
  • 1989 - Cory Higgins, American professional basketball player
  • 1989 – Joao Rojas, Ecuadorian football player
  • 1990 - Regina Todorenko, Russian and Ukrainian singer, actress and presenter.
  • 1991 – André Carrillo, Peruvian national football player
  • 1991 – Kostas Manolas, Greek national football player
  • 1992 – Ben Halloran, Australian international footballer
  • 1992 – Daryl Sabara, American actor and voice actor
  • 1993 – Gunna, American rapper, singer and songwriter
  • 1998 – Hachim Mastour, Italian-born Moroccan football player
  • 2000 – RJ Barrett, Canadian professional basketball player

Deaths

  • 767 – Abu Hanifah, founder of the Hanafi school (b. 699)
  • 1642 – Saskia van Uylenburgh, wife of Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn (b. 1612)
  • 1868 – Aleksandr Ostrovsky, playwright, one of the greatest representatives of Russian realism (b. 1823)
  • 1920 – Max Weber, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • 1923 – Aleksandar Stamboliyski, president of the Bulgarian People's Farmers' Union (b. 1879)
  • 1926 – Mary Cassatt, American painter (b. 1844)
  • 1928 – Emmeline Pankhurst, British women's rights activist (b. 1858)
  • 1946 – John Logie Baird, Scottish engineer (b. 1888)
  • 1968 – Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian writer, poet, and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Dündar Taşer, Turkish soldier, May 27 coup d'etat and member of the National Unity Committee (b. 1925)
  • 1976 – Knud was the younger son and child of Christian X and Alexandrine, Duchess of Mecklenburg (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine poet (b. 1899)
  • 1989 – Christopher Bernau, American film and television actor (b. 1940)
  • 1991 – Peggy Ashcroft, English actress (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Ahmet Costa Rica, Turkish film actor (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Henry Mancini, American composer and arranger (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Roger Zelazny, Polish-American writer (b. 1937)
  • 2000 – Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Kurt Waldheim, Austrian politician and statesman (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Avni Anıl, Turkish composer (b. 1928)
  • 2011 – Milivoj Ašner was a police chief in the Independent State of Croatia (b. 1913)
  • 2013 – Dennis Burkley, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Ethem Sarısülük, welding worker from Ankara (b. 1986)
  • 2014 – Alex Chandre de Oliveira, Brazilian former football player (b. 1977)
  • 2015 – Zito, Brazilian former international football player (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Luis Abanto Morales, Peruvian singer and musician (b. 1923)
  • 2018 – Stanislav Govoruchin, Soviet-Russian film director, actor and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Ettore Romoli, Italian politician (b. 1938)
  • 2019 – Ergün Uçucu, Turkish theater, cinema, TV series actor and voice actor (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Elsa Joubert, South African female writer in the “Sestigers Afrikaans” dialect (b. 1922)
  • 2020 – Noel Kelly, Australian former rugby union player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Pierre Lumbi, Democratic Republic of the Congo politician (b. 1950)
  • 2020 – Aarón Padilla Gutiérrez, Mexican football player (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Sushant Singh Rajput, Indian actor, dancer and philanthropist (b. 1986)
  • 2020 – Haroldo Rodas, Guatemalan economist, politician, and diplomat (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Raj Mohan Vohra, General of the Indian Army (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Tevfik al-Yasiri, Iraqi military officer and politician (b. ?)
  • 2021 – Selçuk Tekay, Turkish composer and violinist (b. 1953)
  • 2021 – Gündoğdu Duran, Turkish composer and lyricist (b. 1937)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Volunteer Blood Donors Day

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