Today in History: Elmalı Dam Built on Göksu in Istanbul Opened

Elmali Dam
 Elmali Dam

June 3 is the 154nd day of the year (155rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 211.

Railways

  • 3 June 1894 Thessaloniki-Monastery line (219 km) was opened.
  • 3 June 1908 It was decided to continue the construction of Baghdad Railway by signing a new contract with the Baghdad Railway Company. Philip Holzmann Construction Company started working on June 13.
  • 3 June 1929 Law on the approval of the contract for the treatment of postal and telegraphy in Aydın-lzmir-town and temdidi railways.

Events

  • 1098 – First Crusade: After 8 months of siege, Antakya came under the control of the crusaders.
  • 1839 – When 1.2 million kg of opium seized from British traders in the Chinese port of "Humen" is destroyed by Chinese authorities, the United Kingdom considers it a cause of war (casus belli) and thus the “First Opium War” began.
  • 1889 - The "Canadian Pacific Railroad", which traverses Canadian territory from one ocean to the other, is completed.
  • 1889 – The world's first long-distance power line is completed. The line from the power station in Willamette Falls to downtown Portland, Oregon was 14 miles long.
  • 1892 - Liverpool, the English football team, is founded.
  • 1912 – In the fire that broke out in the Ishakpasa district of Istanbul, 111 houses, 118 shops, six mosques, three baths and five schools were destroyed.
  • 1925 – Progressive Republican Party (Current Turkish: Progressive Republican Party) was closed by the decision of the Council of Ministers.
  • 1926 – Emlak ve Eytam Bank was established.
  • 1942 - The naval battle of Midway begins. In the two-day battle, the Japanese suffered heavy losses and the Japanese advance in the Pacific was halted.
  • 1948 – Amasya flooded; 92 people died by drowning.
  • 1955 – Elmalı Dam built on Göksu in Istanbul was opened.
  • 1955 – Conference of Messina; Birth of the European Economic Community.
  • 1957 – Turkish National Wrestling Team became the world freestyle wrestling champion.
  • 1959 – in Izmir Democrat The newspaper was closed for a month. Journalists Adnan Düvenci and Şeref Bakşık were each sentenced to 1 months in prison.
  • 1964 – Football's 'Ordinaryus' Lefter Küçükandonyadis bid farewell to football with the jubilee match between Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş.
  • 1965 - Edward Higgins White became the first American to walk in space.
  • 1974 – Painter Fikret Mualla's bones brought from France were buried in Istanbul Karacaahmet Cemetery.
  • 1974 - Yitzhak Rabin becomes the new Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1976 - The term "European Communism" was first used by Italian Communist Party leader Enrico Berlinguer.
  • 1983 – 752 people are arrested for protesting United States Air Force bases in the United Kingdom.
  • 1989 – Soldiers intervened in the big demonstration in Tiananmen Square in Beijing: Around 2 thousand students died.
  • 1995 – Minister of Labor and Social Security Aydın Güven Gürkan; He signed the decree to make Kilis, Yalova and Karabük provinces. Then he resigned from the ministry, saying that the practice was unfair.
  • 1996 – The official opening of the Habitat-II Human Settlements Conference, organized under the auspices of the United Nations, was held in Istanbul.
  • 2006 – Montenegro was founded.
  • 2017 – A terrorist attack took place in the Southwark area of ​​London, England.

Births

  • 1808 – Jefferson Davis, American general and politician (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Maria Adelaide, queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • 1865 – George V, Sovereign of the United Kingdom (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Ahmet Hikmet Müftüoğlu, Turkish writer and poet (d. 1927)
  • 1877 – Raoul Dufy, French fauvist painter (d. 1953)
  • 1885 – Yakov Sverdlov, Russian-Jewish revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1887 – Carlo Michelstaedter, Italian writer (d. 1910)
  • 1906 Josephine Baker, American dancer and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Paulette Goddard, American film and stage actress (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Yu Lan, Chinese theater, film and television actor (d. 2020)
  • 1922 – Alain Resnais, French director (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Bernard Glasser, American producer and director (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Tony Curtis, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Allen Ginsberg, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Werner Arber, Swiss microbiologist and geneticist
  • 1931 – Raúl Castro, Cuban soldier and politician
  • 1931 – John Norman, American philosopher, professor, and author
  • 1933 – Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa, first emir of Bahrain, reigning from 1961 until his death (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Larry McMurtry, American author (d. 2021)
  • 1939 – Erdoğan Tokatlı, Turkish cinema director, writer and translator (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Suna Kıraç, Turkish businessperson and Koç Holding Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors (d. 2020)
  • 1941 – Monika Maron, German writer
  • 1942 – Curtis Mayfield, American soul, R&B, and funk singer, composer, and record producer (d. 1999)
  • 1946 Penelope Wilton, English actress
  • 1949 – Philippe Djian, French writer
  • 1950 - Susi Quatro, American singer
  • 1951 – Jill Biden, wife of Joe Biden
  • 1953 – Martin Bartenstein, Austrian politician
  • 1953 – Loalwa Braz, Brazilian female vocalist (d. 2017)
  • 1954 – Bajram Rexhepi, Kosovo politician (d. 2017)
  • 1956 – Melike Demirağ, Turkish singer and actress
  • 1961 – Lawrence Lessig, American scientist
  • 1963 – Anica Dobra, Serbian actress
  • 1964 – Kerry King, American guitarist
  • 1971 – Luigi Di Biagio, Italian football player
  • 1974 – Jonne Järvelä, vocalist and guitarist of Finnish folk metal band Korpiklaani
  • 1976 – Hamza Yerlikaya, Turkish wrestler
  • 1977 – Cristiano Marques Gomes, Brazilian football player
  • 1977 – Unal Yeter, Turkish actor
  • 1980 – Amauri, Italian football player
  • 1980 – Ibrahim Yattara, Guinean football player
  • 1980 – Lazaros Papadopoulos, Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, Emir of Qatar
  • 1981 – Ersin Karabulut, Turkish cartoonist
  • 1982 – Yelena Isinbayeva, Russian pole dancer
  • 1985 – Papiss Cisse, Senegalese football player
  • 1985 – Łukasz Piszczek, Polish national football player
  • 1986 – Rafael Nadal, Spanish tennis player
  • 1986 – Tomas Verner, Czech figure skater
  • 1987 – Lalaine, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – PuCCa (Selen Pınar Işık), Turkish writer and internet phenomenon
  • 1988 – Mariya Stadnik, Azerbaijani wrestler
  • 1989 – Imogen Poots, English actress and model
  • 1991 – Bruno Uvini, Brazilian international football player
  • 1992 – Mario Gotze, German national football player
  • 1993 - Otto Porter American professional basketball player
  • 1996 – Lukas Klostermann, German national football player
  • 1999 – Dan-Axel Zagadou, French football player

Deaths

  • 1395 – Ivan Shishman, tsar of the Bulgarian Empire (b. 1350)
  • 1657 – William Harvey, English physician (b. 1578)
  • 1778 – Anna Maria Pertl Mozart, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Maria Anna Mozart (b. 1720)
  • 1844 – XIX. Louis, eldest son of King Charles X of France (b. 1775)
  • 1875 – Georges Bizet, French composer (b. 1836)
  • 1877 – Ludwig von Köchel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1800)
  • 1889 – Bernhard Förster, German teacher (b. 1843)
  • 1899 – Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (b. 1825)
  • 1922 – Duiliu Zamfirescu, Romanian writer (b. 1858)
  • 1924 – Franz Kafka, Czech writer (b. 1883)
  • 1946 – Mikhail Kalinin, Bolshevik revolutionary who was President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1919-1946 (b. 1875)
  • 1953 – Philip Graves, British journalist and author (b. 1876)
  • 1955 – Princess Kadriye, daughter of the Khedive of Egypt Hüseyin Kamil Pasha (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Nâzım Hikmet Ran, Turkish poet and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1963 – XXIII. John, Pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1883)
  • 1964 – Kazım Orbay, Turkish soldier, politician and the 3rd Chief of Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Hjalmar Schacht, German banker (b. 1877)
  • 1971 – Heinz Hopf, German mathematician working in topology and geometry (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Eisaku Sato, Japanese politician (3 times Prime Minister of Japan) (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Archibald Hill, English physiologist (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – Roberto Rossellini, Italian director (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Arno Schmidt, German translator and writer (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Ayatollah Khomeini, supreme leader of Iran (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Robert Morley, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Mehmet Üstünkaya, Turkish businessman and Beşiktaş Sports Club manager (b. 1935)
  • 2000 – Merton Miller, American economist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Anthony Quinn, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Vedat Kosal, Turkish pianist (b. 1957)
  • 2003 – Ercan Arıklı, Turkish journalist (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (b. 1966)
  • 2009 – David Carradine, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2010 – Vladimir Arnold, Soviet-Russian mathematician (b. 1937)
  • 2010 – Rue McClanahan, American actress (b. 1934)
  • 2010 – Luigi Padovese, Bishop of the Anatolian Catholic Church who served in Iskenderun (b. 1947)
  • 2011 – James Arness, American western actor (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Jack Kevorkian, American pathologist, painter, composer, instrumentalist, euthanasia advocate and practitioner (b. 1928)
  • 2011 – Sami Ofer, Israeli businessman (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Jiah Khan, Indian-British actor (b. 1988)
  • 2015 – Fikret Tabeyev, Soviet Tatar politician, ambassador, party leader, founder of the Communist Party of the Republic of Tatarstan (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Muhammad Ali, American professional boxer (b. 1942)
  • 2016 – Vladimir Ivanovski, Russian diplomat (b. 1948)
  • 2016 – Luis Salom, Spanish motorcycle racer (b. 1991)
  • 2017 – John K. Watts, Australian former football player, businessman, radio and television broadcaster (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Doug Altman, British statistician and academic (b. 1948)
  • 2018 – Frank Charles Carlucci III, American politician (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Robert Norman “Bob” Forhan, Canadian former right wing ice hockey player and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Johnnie Keyes, African-American pornographic film actress (b. 1940)
  • 2018 – Mario Toros, Italian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Atsushi Aoki, Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1977)
  • 2019 – David Bergland, American politician (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Paul Darrow (born Paul Valentine Birkby), English actor (b. 1941)
  • 2019 – Javier Barreda Jara, Peruvian politician and minister (b. 1966)
  • 2019 – Stanisław Wróblewski, Polish wrestler (b. 1959)
  • 2020 – Shaukat Manzoor Cheema, Pakistani politician (b. 1954)
  • 2020 – Marc de Hond, Dutch television presenter, radio broadcaster, businessman, author, theater actor and Paralympic basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2020 – Mian Jamshed uddin Kakakhel, Pakistani politician (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Johnny Majors, Former American football player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Adriano Silva, Brazilian politician and professor (b. 1970)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Storm: Sprouting Storm

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