What is a Schengen Visa? Schengen Visa Duration and Countries You Can Travel to

What is a Schengen Visa Schengen Visa Duration and Countries You Can Travel to
What is a Schengen Visa? Schengen Visa Duration and Countries You Can Travel to

The Schengen visa is the visa that covers most of the European countries, the largest free travel zone in the world. It is also possible to express this region as the EU passport-free travel region. While it was necessary to obtain different types of visas in order to travel to different European countries in the past, nowadays a common border and common visa application can be benefited by using the visa in question. It is sufficient to obtain a single visa at the entrance of the Schengen Area, which is the common border. Once the Schengen visa requirements are met, you can move from Germany to Switzerland or from Italy to Austria within the scope of the visa period. What is a Schengen Visa? How Long Is The Schengen Visa Valid? How Many Days After The Schengen Visa Application?

What is a Schengen Visa?

Schengen is a type of visa issued by authorized institutions that allows travel between countries in the European Union. You can enter the countries in the Schengen Area with the said document, and you can visit more than one country with this document, depending on the conditions.

If “Single Entry” is written on the visa, there is only one right to enter the Schengen Area. After entering the Schengen Area and returning to Turkey, the visa loses its validity even if its validity continues. When "Double Entry" is written, you can enter and leave the Schengen Area 2 times during the validity of the visa, and stay for a maximum of 6 days in 90 months. If it says “Multiple Entry”, you can enter and exit the Schengen Area unlimited times during the validity period of the visa.

Schengen Visa Duration

Before mentioning the Schengen visa period, it is useful to remember that every visa has a validity period. You must have traveled to and returned to the relevant country during this validity period. You can stay in the Schengen Area for a maximum of 6 days every 90 months, that is, even if the visa is valid for 6 months, you must leave the Schengen Area when 90 days are expired.

This rule also applies to those who have a Schengen visa valid for 1 year or more. These persons can stay in the Schengen Area for a maximum of 6 days, including 90 days of the first 6 months and 90 days of the second 180 months. In this sense, even if you have a multiple-entry Schengen visa, you should not exceed 180 days. Because the Schengen Area is actually considered a single country. It does not matter in which region the Schengen visa covers 90 days.

How Many Days After the Schengen Visa Application?

One of the questions that users wonder is "How many days does it take to get a Schengen visa?" is the question. It may take up to 10 days for the user request to be finalized. This period may be 5 days most of the time, but with the mishaps that may occur from time to time, it is possible to say that the Schengen visa is issued in 10 days.

The question of how to get a Schengen visa can be answered as follows;

  • It may be beneficial to submit your Schengen visa applications at least 30 days before your travel date. If the application is made during busy periods such as public holidays and holidays, it may be beneficial to take this process even earlier. Within the scope of visa rules, you can start the application process up to 90 days before the travel date.
  • You can fill in, sign and forward the application form electronically. In addition, you can benefit from the representation of the region you want to go to. You can make an e-appointment online with the Schengen visa documents requested by the relevant institution.
  • Before you start your trip, you may consider taking out travel insurance in order to have an uninterrupted and safe holiday.

Provided that you make your first entry into the Schengen Area from the country from which you obtained the visa, you can freely move between the countries in the region within the scope of your visa period.

Although the conditions required to enter the countries in the Schengen Area are variable, the member states of the European Union request common documents. The documents required for Schengen visa are given below;

  • Passport
  • Application form
  • 2 photographs suitable for Schengen visa dimensions and specifications
  • Flight ticket reservation
  • Residence information
  • bank account information
  • Hotel reservation
  • Overseas travel insurance
  • Photocopy of passport and identity card

Additional Schengen visa application documents required from employees are as follows;

  • employer letter
  • Payroll
  • Employment notice
  • 4A service breakdown
  • Signature Circulars
  • Tax stamp
  • Activity area

Countries You Can Travel With a Schengen Visa Schengen is the region that covers the European Free Trade Association and the European Union members.

The question of which countries the Schengen visa covers can be answered as follows;

  • Austria
  • Belçika
  • Danimarka
  • Çek Cumhuriyeti
  • Finlandiya
  • Estonya
  • Almanya
  • Fransa
  • Yunanistan
  • İzlanda
  • Macaristan
  • Letonya
  • İspanya
  • İtalya
  • Litvanya
  • Hollanda
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Polonya
  • Portekiz
  • Norveç
  • Slovenya
  • Slovakya
  • İsveç
  • İsviçre
  • Liechtenstein

The countries that are not among the Schengen visa countries although they are members of the European Union are as follows;

  • ​Ireland
  • Bulgaria
  • Romania
  • Cyprus
  • Hırvatistan

With the visa liberalization between the countries covering the Schengen Area, the citizens of the member states of the union can only travel within the relevant zone with their passports and IDs. Visa applications can be made for people outside the region. In this case, a visa application can be made and the process can be started on behalf of the member countries of the union.

You can review the "Schengenvizainfo" address to follow up-to-date information for the countries you can travel to by obtaining a Schengen visa and be informed about the updates. The information given here is dated 23.03.22 when the article was compiled.

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