Biomedical technology, which includes every field related to human health and the improvement of health systems, is of great importance in the diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Experts point out that advantages such as early diagnosis and easy adaptation to treatment are provided thanks to biomedical technology, which covers many devices from mouthwash to pacemaker used in the dental field.
Üsküdar University Health Services Vocational School Biomedical Device Technology Lecturer Aybike Pirol evaluated biomedical technology.
Lecturer Aybike Pirol said that biomedical technology is a technology that includes all kinds of apparatus, kits, materials and devices related to health in the field of medicine and biology, and that develops new approaches to advance in these areas.
Stating that the aim of biomedical technology is to increase the quality of life and recovery by providing the solution of medical or biological problems, and sometimes even accelerate recovery, Pirol said, “Biomedical technology makes use of the techniques and methods of traditional engineering while applying this. Biomedical engineering, which brings together expertise and methods in medical and engineering sciences, that is, considered as a roof concept, increases the living standards by applying the power of technology to the field of biomedicine, as well as prolonging human life, increasing the quality of life, reducing disability and making accessibility possible. said.
Biomedical technology used in clinical medical imaging
Stating that biomedical technology is used in many different fields in health as it includes a series of activities such as equipment design and research, Pirol said, “Today, clinical-medical imaging, which everyone can encounter, is one of the areas where biomedical technology is used. Imaging with biomedical technology has great importance in the diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment of the disease without any invasive procedure in the body. In addition, tissue engineering, bioinformatics, nanotechnology, clinical engineering, biomaterials, prosthetics for rehabilitation, orthoses, artificial organ studies are among the application areas of biomedical technology. In this sense, biomedical technology includes all areas related to human health and the improvement of health systems. he said.
Covers many devices from the dental field to pacemakers
Stating that the biomedical technology, which is basically used in diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment, is applied in all areas related to living and biological systems, Lecturer Aybike Pirol said, “The mouthwash, which is an auxiliary device in the dental area to protect dental health with its water and air spray feature, is also located in the same area. Composite materials used since the 1800s, pacemakers, PAP devices that continuously give compressed air to prevent sleep apnea, advanced surgical robots, biological human genome sequences, modeling of biological systems, computer-assisted surgery and orthopedic studies are some of the applications. . With these applications, there are advantages such as early diagnosis and easy adaptation to treatment.” he said.
Artificial intelligence has three cognitive skills
Lecturer Aybike Pirol, who also touched on the applications of artificial intelligence in artificial technology, said, “We can define the software and hardware whole that can perform human-like tasks as artificial intelligence. Movement, speech, sound detection, numerical reasoning tasks and functions are based on adaptation to new inputs. All of these tasks and functions cover artificial intelligence technologies. The learning process that connects with the data, the self-correction process, and finding the right algorithm to achieve the desired result are the three cognitive skills that artificial intelligence technology focuses on.” she spoke.
Artificial intelligence provides short solutions
Noting that there are many technologies and disciplines including artificial intelligence, which has branches of mathematics and engineering, Pirol said, “Automatic speech recognition, natural language processing, visual recognition, text recognition, robotic systems are among artificial intelligence technologies. With artificial technology, complex situations are solved in a shorter time, increasing the lifestyle and development in medicine, and increasing productivity are among the first benefits that come to mind. said.
Stating that the tools and applications in this field have increased with the developments in technology, Pirol said, “Self-driving vehicles, Google's search algorithm, robot arms that can perform complex tasks, applications for the visually impaired, applications developed with mobile phones are constantly increasing. In this way, it is possible to increase the quality of life of all individuals.” he said.
Lecturer Aybike Pirol stated that biomedical, health bioinformatics and medical imaging are the most common areas where artificial intelligence and machine learning methods are popular and said, “Today, it is seen that artificial intelligence technology is useful in the early detection of bad results and in knowing the stage of the disease. At this point, the importance of mathematical modeling should be emphasized. It is important to determine the mathematical models and problems well in order to be able to progress in the ongoing development process in the field of artificial intelligence and to increase the success of artificial intelligence.” said.
Artificial intelligence applications bring new developments
Lecturer Aybike Pirol, who also touched on the applications of artificial intelligence in biomedicine, said, “The application of artificial intelligence, which is one of the innovative engineering concepts, to medicine and biology brings new developments. With the development of artificial intelligence applications, biomedical technology is making progress in parallel with this development. Especially in recent years, machine learning types using artificial neural networks have been encountered quite frequently. The inclusion of artificial intelligence in biomedical technology has potential in the development of early diagnosis methods, which are important for the treatment of diseases. Giving examples of a few of the studies done with deep learning, which is a sub-branch of machine learning, makes it possible to say that artificial intelligence technology has made progress in diagnosis. In studies such as cancer diagnosis, gene selection and classification, gene diversity, 3D brain reconstruction, neural cell classification, brain tissue classification, Alzheimer's diagnosis, and disease prediction, the deep learning method, which is machine learning using artificial neural networks, is now frequently used. said.