Salda Lake, Once Called 'Turkey's Maldives', Turned into a Swamp

In the raft, which was known as Turkey's Maldives for a while, the lake froze into a swamp.
Salda Lake, Once Called 'Turkey's Maldives', Turned into a Swamp

It was seen that the waters in Salda Lake in the Yeşilova district of Burdur, which was destroyed by the Nation's Garden project, receded and the lake turned into a swamp.

Salda Lake Conservation Society shared the latest version of Salda Lake in Burdur, which is preparing to be included in UNESCO's World Natural Heritage List. In the images, it was seen that the waters receded and the lake turned into a swamp.

While demanding full protection for Salda Lake, it was stated that a Salda Pond was wanted to be built in Düden Stream, which is the only proper water source feeding Salda Lake. It was emphasized that the natural structure of the region was deteriorated due to constructions.

In the video where the association shared the latest version of the lake, “Salda Lake has been shot rapidly especially in the last 3 years. Despite the heavy snowfall this winter, the water level did not rise. The view of the swamp with the water coming from the mountains in some places where the water is withdrawn. kazanmike Well drilling, irrigation ponds around the lake and drought cause the water to decrease.

Talking about the lake's past, the association said, “As a result of the construction of irrigation ponds in front of the creeks of Salda Lake, the lake water level has withdrawn. This is the Değirmendere dam pond… In December 2016, environmentalists filed a lawsuit against the Kayadibi Pond, the pond built by DSI. The dam was built in 2017 and 2018. In February 2019, with the decision of the Council of State not to build the dam, the lawsuit process ended. The project, which was granted EIA exemption in 2014, was canceled on 20/05/2021. In this faulty project, which was made and built before the pond tender, scientific reports, public resources were spent incorrectly and the state was harmed. It was planned to build a Salda Pond for the Düden Stream, which is the only regular water source feeding Salda Lake, and it was left unfinished. The situation in Kayadibi Pond is much worse. Kayadibi dam; It is a stone and concrete pile built in front of the drying streams. The natural structure of the region has deteriorated,” he said.

Where is Salda Lake? How Was Salda Lake Formed?

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Salda Lake is a slightly salty karstic lake surrounded by forest-covered hills, rocky lands and small alluvial plains in the Yeşilova district of Burdur, 4 km away from the district center. It has a closed basin structure with no outflow in the Lakes Region. Its area is about 44 square kilometers. With up to 184 meters deep is the deepest lake in Turkey 3. Hydromagnetic mineral formed in the lake is one of the most beautiful and up-to-date examples of "biological mineralization".

Salda lake was determined and declared as a Special Environmental Protection Area with the President's Decree No. 14.03.2019 dated 824, and was published in the Official Gazette No. 15.03.2019 dated 30715.

The Mediterranean climate is dominant in and around Salda lake. Average temperature is 15 ° C. In August, the hottest month, the temperature rises to 30 ° C, while the coldest month drops to 2 ° C in January. While the amount of precipitation in January with the most precipitation is 162 mm, the month with the least precipitation has an average of 16 mm in July.

In addition to the beautiful view formed by the cleanliness of the water and the turquoise color, the small beaches on the southwest and southeast coasts allow the area to be used for recreational purposes. Salda Lake is located about 60 km west of Burdur province. Turkey's deepest, cleanest, best known as the lake has clear features. It is 1140 m above sea level. The presence of magnesium, soda and clay in the composition of the lake water causes beneficial results in the treatment of some skin diseases. According to research by experts, lake water is good for acne. The forest cover at the back of the lake is home to partridges, rabbits, foxes, wild boars, and the lake hosts wild ducks. There are seven white islands that started to be seen when the waters in the lake receded.

Pasbaş, patka and steep-tail duck hosted in significant numbers during the winter months make Salda Lake one of the wetlands of international importance. It is surrounded by black pine forests and has beaches. Four fish (carp, grass fish, Salda algae, mud fish), checkered water snake and plain frog live in the lake. Grass fish are endemic to Burdur, Salda algae to Salda Lake.

Salda Lake is a lake with hard water and very high alkaline properties. According to the trophic status index, it is poor in nutrients and oligotrophic. Extremely low nitrogen and phosphate products and consequently very low chlorophyll a concentration are indicative of this.

Salda lake is fed by rivers, rainfall and groundwater, and loses water through evaporation. The area and level of the lake changes over the years according to rainfall. Continuous rivers such as Salda (Karakova) Creek, Doğanbaba Creek, Dog Creek, and seasonal rivers such as Koyu Creek, Kuruçay, Kayadibi Creek flow into Salda Lake. For the last 20 years, there has been a retreat reaching 3-4 meters at the lake level. Withdrawal is still in progress.

There are Yeşilova district in the east of the lake, Salda in the southwest, Doğanbaba in the northwest and Kayadibi villages in the northeast. Salda Lake and its surroundings were registered and taken under protection as a 14.06.1989st degree Natural Protected Area on 1, and then, with the decision of Antalya Cultural and Natural Heritage Board dated 28.07.1992 and numbered 1501, some areas on the shores of Salda Lake were designated as 2nd degree Natural Protected Areas. It has been registered as a Natural Protected Area. In 2012, 12 hectares of area around the lake, which was used as a recreation area, was declared as Salda Lake Nature Park.

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