Today in History: Atatürk's 100th Anniversary Celebrated with Ceremonies

Ataturk's Birth Anniversary Celebrated with Ceremonies
Ataturk's Birth Anniversary Celebrated with Ceremonies

May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 224.

Railways

  • 21 May 1941 Negotiations were held in Dimotika on the reopening of the Svilingrad-Uzunköprü railway and its operation by the Turkish State Railways.

Events

  • 996 – III. Otto was crowned the Holy Roman Empire. 16-year-old Otto has been King of Germany since he was 3 years old. His empire lasted 6 years.
  • 1847 – General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (Defterhane-is Amire Kalemi) was established.
  • 1864 – Circassians (Adige Heku in their native language Адыгэхэр ((Adige)), exiled from their homeland of Circassia (Адыгэ Хэку (Adige Heku) in their native language) to Ottoman lands after being subjected to genocide by Tsarist Russia.
  • 1881 - The American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton.
  • 1900 - Russia begins to invade Manchuria, using the Boxer uprising in China as an excuse.
  • 1904 – FIFA (International Association of Football Associations) was founded in Paris.
  • 1927 - American aviator Charles Lindbergh, 'Sprit of St. He became the first pilot to cross the Atlantic Ocean by flying from New York to Paris in his plane named Louis'.
  • 1960 – Military Academy students made a silent march against the Government.
  • 1963 – Commander of the Military Academy Talat Aydemir attempted a second coup attempt on the grounds that some of the reforms proposed by the Constitution were not carried out, but it was unsuccessful.
  • 1979 – The “White Night Riots” took place in San Francisco, California, against Dan White receiving the minimum sentence for the murders of Harvey Milk and George Moscone.
  • 1981 – Atatürk's 100th birthday was celebrated with ceremonies.
  • 1983 – The 18th of the exhibitions organized by the Council of Europe to promote the cultures that make up the richness of European civilization was opened in Istanbul under the name of Anatolian Civilizations Exhibition.
  • 1991 - Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated.
  • 1994 – A stampede broke out during the stoning of the devil in the Hajj: 185 pilgrims died, seven of whom were Turks.
  • 1996 – Selcuk Parsadan, who is alleged to have defrauded some people and organizations with 5.5 billion liras from the hidden appropriation, was caught in Altınoluk town of Balıkesir.
  • 1997 – Chief Public Prosecutor of the Court of Cassation Vural Savaş filed a lawsuit with the Constitutional Court for the permanent closure of Welfare Party on the grounds that it became the focus of actions contrary to the principle of secularism in the Constitution.
  • 2004 – President Ahmet Necdet Sezer approved the constitutional amendment and the State Security Courts (DGM) were abolished.
  • 2017 – Fenerbahce became EuroLeague champion by beating Olympiakos.

Births

  • 1173 Shinran, Japanese Buddhist monk (d. 1263)
  • 1471 – Albrecht Dürer, German painter and mathematician (d. 1528)
  • 1527 – II. Felipe, King of Spain (d. 1598)
  • 1688 – Alexander Pope, English poet (d. 1744)
  • 1799 – Mary Anning, British fossil collector, fossil dealer, and paleontologist (d. 1847)
  • 1808 – Lavrentiy Alekseyevich Zagoskin, Russian naval officer and explorer of Alaska (d. 1890)
  • 1816 – Stephen Allen Benson, Liberian politician (d. 1865)
  • 1844 – Henri Rousseau, French painter (d. 1910)
  • 1851 – Léon Bourgeois, French politician (d. 1925)
  • 1855 – Émile Verhaeren, Belgian poet (d. 1916)
  • 1902 – Marcel Breuer, American architect and designer (d. 1981)
  • 1913 – Suzan Kahramaner, Turkish academic and one of Turkey's first female mathematicians (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Harold Robbins, American novelist (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Andrey Saharov, Russian physicist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1925 – Frank Kameny, American astronomer and LGBT rights activist (d. 2011)
  • 1928 – Dore Ashton, American academic, author, art historian, and critic (d. 2017)
  • 1947 – İlber Ortaylı, Turkish academic and historian
  • 1952 – Mr. T, American actor and professional wrestler
  • 1955 – Ayşe Kökçü, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • Sergey Shoigu, Russian soldier and politician of Tuvan descent
  • 1957 – Renée Soutendijk, Dutch actress
  • 1959 – Nick Cassavetes, American actor, screenwriter, and film producer
  • 1960 – Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1962 – Payidar Tüfekçioğlu, Turkish actor and voice actor (d. 2017)
  • 1966 – Lisa Edelstein, American actress and playwright
  • 1967 – Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1968 – Nasuh Mahruki, Turkish mountaineer, writer and photographer
  • 1968 – Nihat Odabaşı, Turkish photographer
  • 1972 – The Notorious BIG, American rapper (b. 1997)
  • 1973 - Stewart Cink, American golfer
  • 1974 - Fairuza Balk, American actress
  • 1974 – Havoc, American rapper and producer
  • 1974 – Masaru Hashiguchi, Japanese football player
  • 1976 – Carlo Ljubek, German actor of Croatian descent
  • 1976 - Stuart Bingham, English professional snooker player
  • 1979 – Hideo Hashimoto, Japanese international football player
  • 1979 – Lino Guanciale, Italian actor
  • 1979 – Mamadou Bagayoko, French-Malian football player
  • 1980 – Aydın Cetin, Turkish football player
  • 1980 – Gotye, Belgian-Australian musician, songwriter, and composer
  • 1981 – Edson Buddle, American football player
  • 1981 – Maximilian Mutzke, German singer
  • 1982 – Saygin Soysal, Turkish cinema and TV series actor
  • 1985 - Alison Carroll, British model
  • 1985 – Galena, Bulgarian pop-folk singer
  • 1985 – Mark Cavendish, Isle of Man professional road bike racer
  • 1985 – Mutya Buena, English singer, songwriter and producer
  • 1986 – Mario Mandžukić, Croatian football player
  • 1986 – Masato Morishige, Japanese football player
  • 1986 – Park So-jin, South Korean singer
  • 1987 – Ashlie Brillault, American actress
  • 1987 – Hit-Boy, American hip hop singer and producer
  • 1987 – Mateus de Souza, Brazilian football player
  • 1987 – Wilson Morelo, Colombian football player
  • 1988 – Idir Ouali, French football player
  • 1988 – Kim Joo-ri, South Korean model
  • 1988 – Muhammed Ali Atam, Turkish national football player
  • 1989 – Gülcan Mıngır, Turkish athlete
  • 1989 – Hal Robson-Kanu, Welsh footballer
  • 1990 – Rene Krhin, Slovenian football player
  • 1991 – Abdoulay Diaby, Malian football player
  • 1991 – Guilherme, Brazilian football player
  • 1992 – Dylan van Baarle, Dutch professional road cyclist
  • 1992 – Hutch Dano, American actor and rapper
  • 1992 – Juwan Staten, American professional basketball player
  • 1993 – Daniel Sotres, Spanish goalkeeper
  • 1993 – Luke Garbutt, English football player
  • 1993 – Matías Kranevitter, Argentine football player
  • 1994 - Tom Daley, British diver
  • 1996 – Dorukhan Tokoz, Turkish football player
  • 1996 – Eric Traore, Burkina Faso football player
  • 1997 – Federico Bonazzoli, Italian football player
  • 1997 – Patrick Ngoma, Zambian football player

Deaths

  • 1639 – Tommaso Campanella, Italian poet, writer, and Platonist philosopher (b. 1568)
  • 1865 – Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish historian of antiquity (b. 1788)
  • 1895 – Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (b. 1819)
  • 1920 – Eleanor Hodgman Porter, American author (b. 1868)
  • 1920 – Venustiano Carranza, Mexican politician (b. 1859)
  • 1922 – Michael Mayr, Austrian historian (b. 1864)
  • 1935 – Jane Addams, American social reformer and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1952 – John Garfield, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1965 – Geoffrey de Havilland, English aircraft designer (b. 1882)
  • 1967 – Nurettin Baransel, Turkish soldier and 7th Chief of Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces (b. 1897)
  • 1971 – Avni Dilligil, Turkish actress (b. 1908)
  • 1973 – Ivan Konev, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1897)
  • 1982 – Giovanni Muzio, Italian architect and academic (b. 1893)
  • 1983 – Eric Hoffer, American author (b. 1902)
  • 1991 – Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (b. 1944)
  • 1997 – Mustafa Ekmekçi, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Barbara Cartland, English writer (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – John Gielgud, English actor (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Şevki Şenlen, Turkish national football player and sports writer (b. 1949)
  • 2008 – Cengiz Keskinkılıç, Turkish theater and TV series actor, voice actor and director (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Antoine Bourseiller, French comedian, theater and opera director (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Jaime Lusinchi, Venezuelan politician (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – César Boutteville, French chess player (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Louis Johnson, American bass guitarist and musician (b. 1955)
  • 2016 – Gaston Berghmans, Dutch-born Belgian actor and comedian (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Akhtar Mansour, Taliban leader (b. 1956)
  • 2016 – Nick Menza, German musician (b. 1964)
  • 2017 – Paul Judge, English businessman and political personality (b. 1949)
  • 2017 – Jimmy LaFave, American singer, songwriter, and folk musician (b. 1955)
  • 2017 – Philippa Roles, Welsh female discus thrower (b. 1978)
  • 2018 – António Arnault, Portuguese poet, writer, lawyer and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Anna Maria Ferrero, Italian actress (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Ghulam Reza Hasani, Iranian scholar (b. 1927)
  • 2018 – Nabukazu Kuriki, Japanese businessman and mountaineer (b. 1982)
  • 2018 – Allyn Ann McLerie, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1926)
  • 2018 – Clint Walker, American actor and singer (b. 1927)
  • 2019 – Royce Mills, British stage, television and film actor (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Yavuz Özkan, Turkish director, producer and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Kamrun Nahar Putul, Bangladeshi female politician (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Hugo Ryckeboer, Belgian West Flemish dialectologist (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Oliver E. Williamson, American economist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1932)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Milk Day
  • World Day of Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
  • Storm: Pleiades Storm

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