Today in History: The Foundation of Karabük Iron and Steel Factory Was Laid

The Foundation of Karabük Iron and Steel Factory Was Laid
The Foundation of Karabük Iron and Steel Factory Was Laid

April 3 is the 93nd (94rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 272.

Railways

  • 3 April 1922 Mustafa Kemal Pasha asked the General Directorate of Railways in Konya to replace Greek officials on Turkish railways with Turkish officials.

Events

  • 1043 – Saint Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England.
  • 1559 – Peace treaty signed, ending the Italian War.
  • 1879 – Sofia is declared the capital of the Principality of Bulgaria.
  • 1906 - The Lumière Brothers invented color photography.
  • 1922 - Josef Stalin becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1930 – Women in Turkey were given the right to vote and be elected in municipal elections.
  • 1937 – Turkey's Iron-Steel producer Karabük Iron and Steel Factory was laid in Karabük by the then Prime Minister İsmet İnönü, with the instruction of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
  • 1948 - United States president Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan, which includes economic aid.
  • 1954 – A Turkish Airlines plane crashed in Adana, 25 people died. In the accident; Archaeologist, philosopher and politician Remzi Oğuz Arık also passed away at the age of 55.
  • 1960 – The opera singer Leyla Gencer, who performed at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, La Traviata great success in kazanwas.
  • 1963 – May 27 was declared as Freedom and Constitution Day in Turkey.
  • 1975 – İnönü University was founded in Malatya.
  • 1975 – In Konya, a person named Kazım Ergün killed a family out of a blood feud. He was executed on September 12.
  • 1981 – 1981 Kosovo protests suppressed, many injured or killed.
  • 1986 - IBM introduced its first laptop computers.
  • 1992 – Azize Dusser, who was appointed as the deputy to the District Governor of Ankara's Çankaya district, became the first female district governor of Turkey.
  • 1996 - Theodore Kaczynski was captured.
  • 2007 – In France, the high-speed train broke the world record by reaching a speed of 574,8 km per hour during the test run.
  • 2010 - Apple launches the first series of tablet computers called iPads.

Births

  • 1245 – III. Philippe, King of France (d. 1285)
  • 1639 – Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (d. 1682)
  • 1770 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek field marshal (d. 1843)
  • 1783 – Washington Irving, American author, essayist, biographer, and historian (d. 1859)
  • 1815 – Clotilde de Vaux, French poet and writer (d. 1846)
  • 1881 – Alcide De Gasperi, Italian statesman, politician, and first Prime Minister of the Italian Republic (d. 1954)
  • 1893 Leslie Howard, English actor (d. 1943)
  • 1894 – Neva Gerber, American actress (d. 1974)
  • 1914 – Marie-Madeleine Dienesch, French politician, ambassador (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – İhsan Doğramacı, first President of Iraqi Turkmen YÖK, doctor and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – Mary Anderson, American actress, former figure skater (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Darío Moreno, Turkish-Jewish songwriter and singer (d. 1968)
  • 1922 – Doris Day, American actress and producer (d. 2019)
  • 1924 – Marlon Brando, American actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Fethi Naci, Turkish writer and critic (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Helmut Kohl, German politician and statesman (d. 2017)
  • 1934 - Jane Goodall, English primatologist, ethologist, and anthropologist
  • 1935 – Ahmet Yüksel Özemre, first Turkish atomic engineer, academic and writer (d. 2008)
  • 1948 – Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch politician
  • 1958 - Alec Baldwin, American actor
  • 1961 – Eddie Murphy, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Sophie Moressée-Pichot, French fencer and modern pentathlete
  • 1962 – Taner Yıldız, Turkish electrical engineer and politician
  • 1963 – Criss Oliva, American musician (d. 1993)
  • 1972 – Sandrine Testud, French tennis player
  • 1978 – Ceynur, Turkish singer
  • 1978 – Matthew Goode, English actor
  • 1978 – Tommy Haas, German tennis player
  • 1982 - Cobie Smulders, Canadian actor
  • 1982 – Sofia Boutella, French dancer and actress
  • 1982 – Fler, German singer
  • 1984 – Maxi López, Argentine football player
  • 1985 - Jari-Matti Latvala, Finnish World Rally Championship driver
  • 1985 – Leona Lewis, English singer
  • 1986 - Amanda Bynes, American actress
  • 1987 – Park Jung Min, South Korean singer
  • 1988 – Timothy Michael Krul, Dutch goalkeeper
  • 1989 – Romain Alessandrini, French football player
  • 1990 – Kerim Ensariferd, Iranian national football player
  • 1990 – Sotiris Ninis, Greek national football player
  • 1990 – Ken Samaras, (known as Nekfeu), French rapper and musician
  • 1991 – Ibrahima Conte, Guinean national football player
  • 1991 – Heirī Kiyoko, American actress, singer-songwriter, musician, and dancer
  • 1992 – Simone Benedetti, Italian football player
  • 1992 – Yulia Efimova, Russian swimmer
  • 1993 – Konstantinos Triantafyllopoulos, Greek football player
  • 1994 – Josip Radošević, Croatian national football player
  • 1994 – Srbuhi Sargsyan, known as Srbuk, is an Armenian singer.
  • 1995 – Adrien Rabiot, French football player
  • 1996 - Naoki Nishibayashi, Japanese football player
  • 1997 – Gabriel Jesus, Brazilian football player
  • 1998 – Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson, an American model and actress

Deaths

  • 1287 – Pope IV. Honorius, (b. 1210)
  • 1582 – Takeda Katsiyori was a daimyō in the late Sengoku period (b. 1546)
  • 1596 – Koca Sinan Pasha, Ottoman sultans III. Murad and III. He is an Ottoman statesman who served as grand vizier for a total of 5 years and 8 months, 5 times during the reign of Mehmed (b. 1520).
  • 1617 – John Napier, Scottish mathematician, known as the inventor of logarithms (b. 1550)
  • 1624 – Kemankeş Ali Pasha, Ottoman statesman
  • 1680 – Shivahi Bhonsle, first Maratha Emperor (b. 1630)
  • 1682 – Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish Baroque painter (b. 1618)
  • 1827 – Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni, German physicist and musician (b. 1756)
  • 1862 – James Clark Ross, British naval officer (b. 1800)
  • 1868 – Franz Adolf Berwald, Swedish composer (b. 1796)
  • 1882 Jesse James, American outlaw (b. 1847)
  • 1897 – Johannes Brahms, German composer (b. 1833)
  • 1943 – Conrad Veidt, German film actor (b. 1893)
  • 1950 – Kurt Weill, German composer (b. 1900)
  • 1954 – Remzi Oğuz Arık, Turkish archaeologist, writer and politician (b. 1899)
  • 1956 – Erhard Raus, soldier in Nazi Germany (b. 1889)
  • 1960 – Cafer Seydahmet Kirimer, Crimean Tatar and Turkish politician and statesman (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Joe Michael Valachi, American gangster (b. 1904)
  • 1975 – Eileen Mary Ure, Scottish actress (b. 1933)
  • 1982 – Warren Oates, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – Sarah Vaughan, American jazz singer (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Terence McKenna, American author and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, German screenwriter and novelist (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Régine Deforges, French writer and film director (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Robert Louis “Bob” Burns, Jr., first drummer and co-founder of the rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Kayahan, Turkish pop singer, composer and lyricist (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – Shmuel HaLevi Wosner, Austrian-born Israeli priest and clergyman (b. 1913)
  • 2016 – Cesare Maldini, Italian football player (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Zorana “Lola” Novaković was a Serbian singer. (b. 1935)
  • 2017 – Renate Schroeter, German actress (b. 1939)
  • 2018 – Lill-Babs, Swedish singer (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Henri Ecochard, II. French military officer who served in the Free French Forces during World War II (b.
  • 2021 – Gloria Henry (born Gloria McEniry), American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2021 – Carla Maria Zampatti, Italian-Australian fashion designer and businesswoman (b. 1942)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from the Çaldıran district of Van (1918)
  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from the Saray district of Van (1918)
  • Karabuk's Anniversary (3 April 1937)

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