Today in History: The Foundation of Burdur Sugar Factory Was Laid

The Foundation of Burdur Sugar Factory Was Laid
The Foundation of Burdur Sugar Factory Was Laid

April 26 is the 116nd (117rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 249.

Railways

  • With the law numbered 26 April 1937 3156, Şark Demiryolları Türk AŞ. In return for 20.760.000 Swiss francs, with a 5 percent interest rate and 20 years of redemption, it was paid with 1937 Turkish debt bonds and purchased by the Agency of Nafia.

Events

  • 1865 – John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated US President Abraham Lincoln, is captured and killed by United States Army soldiers in rural northern Virginia after a twelve-day manhunt.
  • 1870 – Dârülmuallimât (Girl Teacher's School) was opened in the Ottoman Empire. 32 female students were admitted with the exam.
  • 1903 - The famous Spanish team Atlético Madrid is founded.
  • 1912 – For the first time, Fesa Bey (Evrensev), an Ottoman pilot, flew over Turkish territory in an Ottoman airplane.
  • 1930 – The liquor factory in Istanbul, Mecidiyeköy, was opened.
  • 1937 – Bombardment of Guernica: Some volunteer airmen bombard the city of Guernica in the Basque region of Spain, at Hitler's request, in order to help General Franco.
  • 1954 – The foundation of Burdur Sugar Factory was laid.
  • 1954 - Geneva Conference on Korea and Indochina convened.
  • 1961 – Supreme Election Board was established.
  • 1964 – The United Republic of Tanzania is formed by the merger of the Republic of Tanganyika, the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba. Julius Nyerere became President.
  • 1966 – The 7,5 Richter scale earthquake that occurred in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, destroyed almost the entire city.
  • 1967 – A painting by Pablo Picasso sells for $532.000, the highest ever price for a living artist.
  • 1971 – Martial law was declared in 11 provinces. Minister of Justice İsmail Arar asked journalists, “Is there a revolt?” left the question unanswered. The provinces where martial law was declared for a month are: Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Adana, Diyarbakir, Eskisehir, Hatay, Kocaeli, Sakarya, Siirt, Zonguldak.
  • 1971 – Martial Law closed the Revolutionary East Cultural Centers and Dev-Genç.
  • 1972 – Writer Sevgi Soysal was sentenced to one year in prison.
  • 1977 – The election bus of Republican People's Party leader Bülent Ecevit was shot in Niksar. 10 people were injured in the attack.
  • 1978 – Dr. Cengiz Taşer was appointed as the General Manager of TRT.
  • 1979 – Istanbul Martial Law Command declared that it banned May 1 Labor Day celebrations.
  • 1986 – Chernobyl disaster: Turkey was also affected by the radioactive clouds that emerged due to the explosion that took place in the Chernobyl city of Ukraine (USSR), in which approximately 7 million people were harmed.
  • 1988 – Medical Ethics Committee, Dr. He decided that the oleander extract, which Ziya Özel used in the treatment of cancer patients, was not a medicine.
  • 1991 – Istanbul Çavuşoğlu High School became the World High School Basketball Champion.
  • 1991 - 4 Azeri security guards were killed in the Karabakh region. The organization named "Karabakh Warriors" claimed responsibility for the incident.
  • 1994 - A Chinese plane crashes in Japan, killing 264.
  • 1994 – The first multiracial elections are held in the Republic of South Africa. The African National Congress, led by Nelson Mandela, won 62 percent of the vote.
  • 1995 – Reuters reporter Fatih Sarıbaş and Agence France-Presse (French Press Agency) reporter Kadri Gürsel, who were kidnapped by PKK militants on March 31, were released.
  • 1995 – Turkey's first female district governors, Elif Arslan and Özlem Bozkurt, started their duties.
  • 1996 – Turkey's first overpass restaurant was opened in Sapanca by McDonald's on the TEM highway.
  • 1997 – Industry Minister Yalım Erez and Health Minister Yıldırım Aktuna resigned, declaring that the Refahyol Government had destroyed the basic features of the Republic and brought harm, not benefit, for Turkey.
  • 1999 – On the anniversary of the Chernobyl Disaster, hackers locked down computers. 300 thousand PCs were affected by the Chernobyl virus. There was great panic in thousands of companies. His bill is $100 million.
  • 2000 – Eskişehir Deputy Mail Büyükerman resigned from DSP on the grounds that there was a reaction against his presidential candidacy.
  • 2001 – Junichirō Koizumi of the Liberal Democratic Party becomes the first Japanese Prime Minister.
  • 2004 – Black Sea residents filed a criminal complaint against Cahit Aral, Minister of Industry and Trade of the time, and Ahmed Yüksel Özemre, Head of Atomic Energy Authority, exactly 18 years after the Chernobyl disaster. Reason; Increase in cancer cases in the Black Sea.
  • 2005 – The law, which was vetoed by President Ahmet Necdet Sezer, allowing 10 thousand police officers to be created and theology graduates to become police officers, was accepted in the Parliament.
  • 2005 – The United Nations officially announced that CHP Istanbul Deputy Kemal Derviş was elected as the Head of the United Nations Development Programme.
  • 2006 – TTNET Anonim Şirketi was established.
  • 2007 – The Olympic Games fire was lit in Beijing.
  • 2010 – In the Bilge Village of Mazıdağı District of Mardin, 7 of the 44 people arrested for the murder of 8 people, including 6 children, were given life imprisonment forty-four times. In the event that went down in history as the Bilge Village Massacre; A minor defendant was sentenced to 44 years in prison 15 times, and a defendant who had a gun in his home was sentenced to 15 years in prison.

Births

  • 121 – Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor (d. 180)
  • 1564 – William Shakespeare, English poet, playwright, and actor (d. 1616)
  • 1711 – David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1776)
  • 1725 – Pasquale Paoli, Italian statesman and patriot (d. 1807)
  • 1785 – John James Audubon, American painter (d. 1851)
  • 1798 – Eugène Delacroix, French painter (d. 1863)
  • 1822 Frederick Law Olmsted, American architect (d. 1903)
  • 1856 Henry Morgenthau, American politician (d. 1946)
  • 1886 – Abdullah Tukay (Gabdulla Tuqay), Tatar poet (d. 1913)
  • 1889 – Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born English philosopher (d. 1951)
  • 1894 – Rudolf Hess, German politician and NSDAP Member of Parliament (d. 1987)
  • 1897 – Douglas Sirk, German-American film director (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1900 – Charles Francis Richter, American geoscientist and inventor (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Jean Vigo, French director (d. 1934)
  • 1912 – Alfred Elton van Vogt, American science fiction writer (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Bernard Malamud, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – Ieoh Ming Pei, Chinese-American architect and Pritzker Architecture Prize winner (d. 2019)
  • 1929 – Jerzy Turonek, Polish-Belarusian historian and writer (d. 2019)
  • 1932 – Michael Smith, English-Canadian chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Arno Allan Penzias, German-American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics
  • 1933 – Filiberto Ojeda Rios, Puerto Rican musician and leader of the Boricua People's Army, which fought for the independence of the island of Puerto Rico (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Manfred Korfmann, German archaeologist (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Robert Anker, Dutch writer (d. 2017
  • 1951 – Nuri Alço, Turkish film actor
  • 1954 – Akrep Nalan, Turkish pop music singer
  • 1956 – Emrehan Halıcı, Turkish politician
  • 1959 – Gulenay Kalkan, Turkish actress
  • 1961 – Joan Chen, People's Republic of China-American film actress and director
  • 1963 – Jet Li, Chinese martial arts actor and actor
  • 1964 – Mark Esper, American politician and businessman
  • 1965 – Kevin James, American actor and comedian
  • 1967 – Kane, Spanish-American wrestler and actor
  • 1970 – Melania Trump, Slovenian-American model and wife of Donald Trump
  • 1970 – Ümit Sayın, Turkish singer
  • 1975 – Joey Jordison, American musician and drummer for Slipknot
  • 1976 – Nefise Karatay, Turkish actress, model and presenter
  • 1977 Jason Earles, American actor
  • 1977 – Tom Welling, American actor
  • 1980 – Umut Sarikaya, Turkish cartoonist
  • 1980 – Channing Tatum, American actor and filmmaker
  • 1987 - Jessica Lee Rose, American actress
  • 1993 – Gizem Örge, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1994 – Daniil Kvyat, Russian Formula 1 driver
  • 1995 – Tilbe Şenyürek, Turkish basketball player
  • 1996 – Yuma Suzuki, Japanese football player
  • 2001 – Ekrem Sancaklı, Turkish basketball player

Deaths

  • 757 – Pope II. Stephanus, pope from March 26, 752 to April 26, 757, and first ruler of the Papal States (b. ??)
  • 1192 – Go-Shirakawa, 77th emperor of Japan in the traditional succession order (b. 1127)
  • 1392 – Jeong Mong-ju, Korean philosopher and statesman during the Goryeo Dynasty (b. 1338)
  • 1444 – Robert Campin, Flemish painter (b. 1378)
  • 1478 – Giuliano de' Medici was the second child of Piero de' Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni (b. 1453)
  • 1478 – Jacopo de' Pazzi. Head of the Pazzi Family in 1464 (b. 1423)
  • 1489 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, ninth shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate (b. 1465)
  • 1815 – Carsten Niebuhr, German mathematician, cartographer, and explorer (b. 1733)
  • 1865 – John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor (who assassinated US President Abraham Lincoln) (b. 1838)
  • 1910 – Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author, poet, politician, and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)
  • 1920 – Srinivasa Aiyangar Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (b. 1887)
  • 1936 – Samipaşazade Sezai, Turkish storyteller and novelist (b. 1859)
  • 1940 – Carl Bosch, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Naşit Özcan, Turkish theater actor and veil master (b. 1886)
  • 1951 – Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (b. 1868)
  • 1956 – Edward Arnold, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1956 – Gustav Oelsner, German architect and urban planner (b. 1879)
  • 1960 – Wander Johannes de Haas, Dutch physicist and mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – Tom Florie, American football player (b. 1897)
  • 1969 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of Aikido (b. 1883)
  • 1970 – Gypsy Rose Lee, American stripper (b. 1911)
  • 1971 – Celal Sururi, Turkish theater artist (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Julia Bell, British human genetics researcher (b. 1879)
  • 1980 – Cicely Courtneidge, English actress (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Jim Davis, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1984 – Count Basie, American jazz pianist and conductor (b. 1904)
  • 1984 – Helge Løvland, Norwegian decathlete (b. 1890)
  • 1985 – Aylin Urgal, Turkish pop music artist (b. 1951)
  • 1986 – Broderick Crawford, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – Lucille Ball, American actress and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Carmine Coppola, American composer, music producer, songwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – Masutatsu Oyama, founder of Kyokushin-kai karate (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Orhan Elmas, Turkish actor and director (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Yun Hyon-seok, South Korean Gay poet and writer (b. 1984)
  • 2004 – Hubert Selby Jr., American author (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Augusto Roa Bastos, Paraguayan writer (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Elisabeth Domitien, Central African Republic's first and only female prime minister (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Maria Schell, Austrian actress (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Ali Ekber Çiçek, Turkish Folk Music artist (b. 1935)
  • 2009 – Macha Béranger, born: Michele Riond), French radio host and actor (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Şahap Kocatopçu, Turkish politician (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Gerald Guralnik, American, Brown University faculty physicist (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Rashad Harden, American hip hop musician and DJ (b. 1979)
  • 2015 – Jayne Meadows (born: Jane Cotter), American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2016 – Vincent Darius, Granada clergyman (b. 1955)
  • 2016 – Arne Elsholtz, German actor and voice actor (b. 1944)
  • 2017 – Moïse Brou, Gabonese national football player born in Ivory Coast (b. 1982)
  • 2017 – Jonathan Demme, American director (b. 1944)
  • 2018 – Jean Duprat, French politician (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Yoshinobu Ishii, Japanese former international football player and manager (b. 1939)
  • 2018 – Gianfranco Parolini, Italian film director, screenwriter and actor (b. 1925)
  • 2019 – James Banks, American football player (b. 1964)
  • 2019 – Elina Bistritskaya, Soviet-Russian actress (b. 1928)
  • 2019 – Nasser Farbod, Iranian politician and senior military officer (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Jessie Lawrence Ferguson, black American actress (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Mae Schmidle, American politician (b. 1926)
  • 2019 – Ellen Schwiers, German actress (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Emilio S Allué, Spanish Catholic bishop (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Laura Bernal, Argentine female diplomat (b. 1956)
  • 2020 – Giulietto Chiesa, Member of the European Parliament (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Miquéias Fernandes, Brazilian politician and lawyer (b. 1950)
  • 2020 – Aarón Hernán, Mexican theater, film and television actor (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Claudio Risi, Italian film director (b. 1948)
  • 2020 – Badruddin Shaikh, Indian politician and member of the Indian National Congress (b. 1952)
  • 2020 – Henri Weber, French politician (b. 1944)
  • 2021 – Vassos Lyssarides, Greek Cypriot doctor and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2021 – Florence Piron, French-born Canadian anthropologist, academic, and ethicist (b. 1966)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Intellectual Property Day
  • World Pilots Day
  • Storm: The End of Sitte-i Sevr
  • World Jealousy Day
  • World Secretaries Day (2017)

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