Today in History: Seyhan Dam Put into Service

Seyhan Dam Entered Service
Seyhan Dam Entered Service

April 8 is the 98nd (99rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 267.

Railways

  • 8 April 1922 The Black Sea Field Line and coal mines were taken from the military and transferred to the Trade Ministry. In the Republican era, it was attached to the Ministry of Economy. The line was not used after the 1920s, but remained in existence until the 1950s. In 1953-54 its tracks were dismantled.

Events

  • 1513 - Spanish Conquistador Juan Ponce de León discovered Florida and declared it Spanish territory.
  • 1730 – The first synagogue was opened in New York.
  • The Crimean Khanate, which has existed since 1783 – 1441, II. It was annexed by the Russian Empire by order of Catherine.
  • 1820 – The Venus of Milo statue was found on the Aegean island of Melos.
  • 1830 – European countries asked the Ottoman Empire to approve the independence of the Greek State.
  • 1869 – The construction of the 2nd Darülfünun building was completed and Darülfünun-ı Osmani was established.
  • 1899 - Martha Place becomes the first woman to be executed by the electric chair.
  • 1918 – World War I: Movie actors Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin sell war bonds on the streets of New York.
  • 1920 – The Committee of Representatives circular was issued, stating that the Damat Ferit Pasha Cabinet, which was established with the resignation of Salih Pasha (Salih Hulusi Kezrak), would not be recognized.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal 9 hopeannounced the . At the forefront of these principles, which was the election declaration of the Anatolian and Rumelian Defense of Rights Association, was the article 'Sovereignty is the Nation'.
  • 1924 – The new abolition of sharia courts Law on the Organization of Courts It was accepted in the Parliament. Judges took their place.
  • 1933 – Civil servants considered non-pure in Germany were retired.
  • 1943 - The President of the United States, Roosevelt, announced that he had frozen all wages and wages and prohibited workers from changing jobs in order to keep inflation under control.
  • 1946 - The League of Nations held its last session. From now on, the name of the organization will be the United Nations.
  • 1953 – Jomo Kenyatta, the leader of the Kenyan independence movement, was arrested by the British colonial administration on the grounds of the Mau Mau Uprising.
  • 1956 – Seyhan Dam was put into service.
  • 1960 – It rained mud on Istanbul for ten hours.
  • 1968 – Students of the Middle East Technical University occupied the Rectorate building.
  • 1976 – In the incidents that broke out in various faculties and dormitories in Ankara, three students Esari Oran and Burhan Barın were killed, including Hakan Yurdakuler, son of Natural Senator Muzaffer Yurdakuler, and many students were injured.
  • 1992 – It was decided to give the International Atatürk Peace Prize to South African leader Nelson Mandela. Mandela did not accept the award due to human rights violation accusations against the Turkish Government.
  • 1993 – During the excavations in the Breton region of France, it was claimed that the village where the famous comic book hero Asterix lived was found.
  • 1994 – DenizTemiz Association (Turmepa) was established.
  • 1999 – A bomb attack was carried out on Hakkari Governor Nihat Canpolat in Yüksekova district. Canpolat escaped the attack with minor injuries; The driver was killed and seven people were injured.

Births

  • 563 BC – Gautama Buddha, Indian religious leader and founder of Buddhism (d. 483 BC)
  • 566 – Gaozu, founder and first emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China (d. 626)
  • 1320 – Pedro I, king of Portugal (d. 1367)
  • 1336 – Timur, founder and first ruler of the Timurid Empire (d. 1405),
  • 1605 – IV. Felipe, King of Spain (d. 1665)
  • 1692 – Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer and violinist (d. 1770)
  • 1777 – Antoine Risso, Nissart naturalist (d. 1845)
  • 1859 – Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (d. 1938)
  • 1875 – Albert I, King of Belgium (d. 1934)
  • 1880 Herbert Adams Gibbons, American journalist (d. 1934)
  • 1909 – John Fante, American author (d. 1983)
  • 1911 – Emil Cioran, Romanian philosopher and essayist (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Melvin Calvin, American biochemist (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian ice skater and film actress (d. 1969)
  • 1922 – Carmen McRae, American jazz singer and pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1929 – Jacques Brel, Belgian songwriter, singer and musician (d. 1978)
  • 1938 – Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (7th Secretary-General of the United Nations) (d. 2018)
  • 1942 – Mehmed Niyazi Özdemir, Turkish historian and writer (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – Ertuğrul Özkök, Turkish journalist and academic
  • 1950 – Grzegorz Lato, Polish football player
  • 1952 – Ahmet Piriştina, Turkish politician and former Mayor of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality (d. 2004)
  • 1962 – Carme Pigem, architect of Catalan origin
  • 1962 – Izzy Stradlin, American musician
  • 1963 - Dean Norris, American actor
  • 1966 – Armağan Çağlayan, Turkish television producer, lawyer and academic
  • 1966 Robin Wright, American actress
  • 1968 - Patricia Arquette, American actress and winner of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
  • 1968 – Patricia Girard, French former athlete
  • 1970 – Didem Madak, Turkish poet (d. 2011)
  • 1972 – Paul Gray, American musician and bassist of the metal band Slipknot (d. 2010)
  • 1973 – Emma Caulfield, American actress
  • 1974 – Batuhan Mutlugil, Turkish musician
  • 1975 – Anouk Teeuwe, Dutch singer
  • 1975 – Funda Arar, Turkish singer
  • 1979 – Alexi Laiho, Finnish soloist, guitarist and songwriter
  • 1980 – Manuel Ortega, Austrian singer
  • 1980 – Katee Sackhoff, American actress
  • 1982 – Gennady Golovkin, Kazakh professional boxer
  • 1983 – Natalia Doussopoulus, Greek singer and TV actress
  • 1984 – Ezra Koenig, American singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Nemanja Tubic, Serbian football player
  • 1986 – Igor Akinfeyev, Russian football player
  • 1987 – Royston Drenthe, Dutch football player
  • 1990 – Kim Jonghyun, South Korean singer (d. 2017)
  • 1995 – Cedi Osman, Turkish basketball player
  • 1996 – Anna Korakaki, Greek shooter

Deaths

  • 217 – Caracalla, Roman Emperor (b. 186)
  • 622 – Prince Shōtoku, statesman and member of the Asuka Period Japanese Imperial Family (b. 574)
  • 1143 – II. John Komninos or Comnenus, Byzantine emperor from 1118 to 1143 (b. 1087)
  • 1162 – Eudes de Deuil or Odo, Odon, French historian and participant of the Second Crusade (1147-1149) (b. 1110)
  • 1364 – II. Jean is called the Good (French: le Bon) – King of France (b. 1319)
  • 1450 – King Sejong the Great, king of the Joseon Dynasty (b. 1397)
  • 1492 – Lorenzo de' Medici or Lorenzo il Magnifico, Italian statesman (b. 1449)
  • 1551 – Oda Nobuhide was a daimyō in the Sengoku period (b. 1510)
  • 1735 – II. Ferenc Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian independence movement (b. 1676)
  • 1835 – Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Carl Ferdinand von Humboldt, German philosopher, linguist, and statesman (b. 1767)
  • 1848 – Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer (b. 1797)
  • 1918 – Ludwig Georg Courvoisier was a surgeon from Basel, Switzerland (b. 1843)
  • 1919 – Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (b. 1848)
  • 1922 – Erich von Falkenhayn, German general and Ottoman field marshal (b. 1861)
  • 1931 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1936 – Robert Bárány, Austrian otologist. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1914 (1876)
  • 1949 – Wilhelm Adam, German general who served as chief of staff of the Reichswehr before Adolf Hitler (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Vaclav Nijinski, Polish ballet dancer (b. 1889)
  • 1958 – Mehmet Kamil Berk, Turkish medical doctor (one of the doctors of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk) (b. 1878)
  • 1959 – Şefik Hüsnü, Turkish medical doctor and politician (b. 1887)
  • 1971 – Fritz von Opel, German automotive industrialist (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and pioneer of cubism (b. 1881)
  • 1976 – Hakan Yurdakuler, Ankara University Faculty of Political Science student (killed)
  • 1981 – Omar Bradley, American soldier (b. 1893)
  • 1984 – Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Soviet physicist, Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1894)
  • 1985 – Vedat Nedim Tör, Turkish writer and Staff co-founder of the magazine (b. 1897)
  • 1991 – Per Yngve Ohlin, also known by the stage name Dead (b. 1969)
  • 1992 – Daniel Bovet, Swiss pharmacologist (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Marian Anderson, American singer (b. 1897)
  • 1996 – Ben Johnson, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – León Klimovsky, Argentine screenwriter and filmmaker (b. 1906)
  • 2000 – İbrahim Ahmed or İbrahim Ehmed, Kurdish writer and translator (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Claire Trevor, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – Savaş Yurttaş, Turkish theater artist (b. 1944)
  • 2004 – Doğan Baran, Turkish medical doctor, politician and former Minister of Health (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Dick Alban, American football player (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Sol LeWitt, American sculptor and painter (b. 1928)
  • 2008 – Stanley Kamel, American actor (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Antony Garrard Newton Flew, British philosopher. (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Malcolm McLaren, English rock singer, musician and manager (b. 1946)
  • 2010 – Jean-Paul Proust, French governor (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – Dorothea Margaretha Scholten-van Zwieteren, Dutch singer. (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Annette Joanne Funicello, American actress and singer (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Sara Montiel (known as: Sarita Montiel, birth name: Maria Antonia Abad), Spanish actress and singer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Margaret Thatcher, British politician and former Prime Minister (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Yasuhiro Yamada, Japanese former football player (b. 1968)
  • 2014 – James Brian Hellwig (known as : WarriorThe Ultimate Warrior ve Dingo warrior), American professional wrestler who fought in the WWE (b. 1959)
  • 2016 – Erich Rudorffer, II. fighter pilot who served in the German army during World War II (b. 1917)
  • 2017 – Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1931)
  • 2018 – Leila Abashidze, Georgian-Soviet actress, film director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – Juraj Herz, Czech director, actor, screenwriter and stage designer (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Vyacheslav Koleychuk, Russian sound artist, musician, architect and visual artist (b. 1941)
  • 2018 – Charles Jonathan Thomas “Chuck” McCann, American actor, voice actor, puppeteer, and comedian (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Ali Haydar Öner, Turkish bureaucrat and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2019 – Josine Ianco-Starrels, Romanian-born American artistic director and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2020 – Richard L. Brodsky, American lawyer and politician (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Jaroslava Brychtová, Czech contemporary artist (b. 1924)
  • 2020 – Robert “Bob” Lynn Carroll, American-Canadian vertebrate paleontologist (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Miguel Jones Castillo, Spanish football player (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Martin S. Fox, American publisher (b. 1924)
  • 2020 – Miguel Jones, Spanish football player (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Bernaie Juskiewicz, American politician (b. 1943)
  • 2020 – Joel J. Kupperman, American professor of philosophy (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Francesco La Rosa, Italian football player (b. 1926)
  • 2020 – Henry Madelin, French Jesuit priest and theologian (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Rick May, American voice actor and theater performer, director, and teacher (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Valeriu Muravschi is a Moldovan politician and businessman who served as Prime Minister of Moldova from 28 May 1991 to 1 July 1992 (b. 1949)
  • 2020 – Norman I. Platnick, American arachnologist and taxonomist (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Robert Poujade, French politician (b. 1928)
  • 2020 – Donato Sabia, Italian middle-distance runner specializing in the 800 meters (b. 1963)
  • 2021 – Margaret Wander Bonanno, American author and historian (b. 1950)
  • 2021 – Jovan Divjak, Bosnian army general (b. 1937)
  • 2021 – Diána Igaly, Hungarian shooter (b. 1965)
  • 2021 – Roseli Aparecida Machado, Brazilian long-distance runner (b. 1968)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Novel Day
  • Storm: Swallow Storm

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