📩 08/03/2022 15:36
Knee pain is one of the most common reasons for applying to orthopedic outpatient clinics. Anadolu Medical Center Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist, who stated that the most common cause of these pains is knee calcification, especially in societies where the population over 50 is high. Davud Yasmin said, “If we put traumatic pain in a separate corner, joint and cartilage problems have increased as a result of the prolongation of the average life expectancy and intense sports activities. Therefore, knee calcification started to be seen more frequently. PRP injections applied to the knee, on the other hand, help protect knee functions in patients with early-stage knee osteoarthritis, while reducing pain and increasing the quality of life of the person.
Reminding that knee calcification can be defined as the weakening and deterioration of the structure of the knee cartilage, which allows the knee joints to move, for various reasons, Anadolu Medical Center Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Dr. Davud Yasmin said, “This deterioration can lead to a decrease in the range of motion of the knee joint over time and a decrease in the quality of life by making it difficult for the person to walk.” Emphasizing the importance of utilizing the self-healing potential of the human body, that is, developments in regenerative treatment approaches in parallel with the advances in technology, Dr. Davud Yasmin said, “PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma), which is used successfully for the early treatment of knee osteoarthritis, is one of the most popular applications of the innovative perspective.”
A form of treatment obtained from the person's own blood
Underlining that PRP, or platelet-rich plasma, is a form of biological treatment obtained from one's own blood, Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Dr. Davud Yasmin said, “Platelet-rich plasma therapy is a method that aims to take advantage of the body's self-healing abilities. The platelets in the main structure of PRP actually consist of cells that form the clot that stops the bleeding that occurs in cases of injury. But these cells also have a structure that includes growth factors that contribute to the repair and healing of tissues. When these growth factors are activated, they can help repair damaged tissues by supporting the body's own healing mechanisms. Regenerative treatment approaches are also there to benefit from this feature of our body.
One tube of blood is enough for treatment
Emphasizing that only a tube of blood to be taken from the patient is sufficient for PRP treatment, Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Dr. Davud Yasmin said, “By separating the cells we call thrombocyte in the blood taken, a platelet-rich plasma liquid is obtained. While normally there are 1-150 platelets in 400.000 milliliter of blood, this rate can rise to over 1 million in PRP. Another advantage of PRP is that it can activate the quiescent local stem cells, which makes it a natural drug therapy. The dose and course of treatment may vary according to the degree of the disease.
Treatment should be administered to the appropriate patient.
Saying that knee osteoarthritis has stages from 1 to 4 according to the condition of the disease, Dr. Davud Yasmin said, “4 refers to the most severe and 1 refers to the knee calcification disease in the initial state. In the medical literature, it has been observed that the effect of PRP applications is very good especially in stage 1 and stage 2 patients, while it relieves pain in stage 3 patients. In stage 4 patients, the most appropriate option is not PRP, but surgical knee prosthesis applications. Reminding that PRP is not applied to those with a family history of cancer, those who use blood thinners, those with blood disease, those with infection and inflammation in the area to be applied, pregnant and breastfeeding women. Davud Yasmin said, “PRP injection helps to preserve knee functions in patients with early-stage knee osteoarthritis, while reducing pain and increasing the quality of life of the person.”