Today in History: The National Anthem was Sung for the First Time in the Parliament

Istiklal Marsi Read in Parliament for the First Time
Istiklal Marsi Read in Parliament for the First Time

March 1 is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 305.

Railways

  • 1 March 1919 Afyonkarahisar Station was occupied.
  • Speaking at the Turkish Grand National Assembly on March 1, 1922, Mustafa Kemal Pasha said, “The activity and zide of economic life is only possible with the state and degree of the means of negotiation, roads, chimps and ports.” said.
  • March 1, 1923 Mustafa Kemal Pasha said the following in his speech at the opening of the 4th meeting of TBMM. “The most important part of our Vesait-i nafi is the Şimendifers. In spite of all kinds of incidences due to the enemy destruction and the shortage of materials, I would like to express my gratitude to the army and the life-economy of our country with gratitude.
  • 1 March 1925 The State Railways Authority began to publish monthly Railways. Turkish Railways Magazine,. It continued until 1998 with the names Demiryolcu Magazine, İstasyon Magazin and Happy On Life Railway.
  • 1 March 1950 General Directorate of Highways was established. 1950 N 80 30 km per year. The railway was built. 1950 X 1997 increased by 80 while 11 increased by XNUMX.

Events

  • 1430 – Ottoman Sultan II. Murad conquered Thessaloniki.
  • 1565 – Founding of the city of Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1803 - Ohio joins the United States, making it the country's 17th state.
  • 1811 – Mehmet Ali of Kavala invited the Mamluks to Cairo Castle and destroyed them.
  • 1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte returns to France from exile at Elba.
  • 1867 - Nebraska joined the United States, becoming the country's 37th state.
  • 1872 - Yellowstone National Park, the world's first national park, opened.
  • 1896 – Battle of Adowa: Abyssinia defeats a large number of Italian forces, thus ending the First Italo-Abyssinian War.
  • 1896 - Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity.
  • 1901 - The Australian Army is formed.
  • 1912 - Albert Berry became the first person to jump out of an airplane with a parachute.
  • 1919 - Korea's unilateral declaration of independence (see March 1 Movement).
  • 1921 – The Turkish National Anthem, the words of which were written by Mehmet Âkif Ersoy, was sung for the first time in the Parliament by the Deputy Minister of Education (Minister of National Education) Hamdullah Suphi Tanrıöver.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal Pasha opened the new working period of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. Latife Hanım, who watched Mustafa Kemal's opening speech from the balcony of the audience, became the first woman to come to the parliament.
  • 1926 – The new Turkish Penal Code, prepared on the basis of Italian laws, was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1931 – Arap İzzet Pasha Mansion, where Trotsky stayed in Büyükada, burned down.
  • 1935 – GNAT started its 5th term work. Atatürk was elected President for the 4th time. For the first time, 18 women MPs took part in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1936 – Construction of the Hoover Dam is completed in the USA. It was the largest concrete structure and largest hydroelectric power station in the world at the time.
  • 1940 – Bulgaria joins the Axis Powers by signing the Tripartite Pact.
  • 1941 - German troops entered Bulgaria.
  • 1946 - The Bank of England is nationalized.
  • 1947 – The International Monetary Fund (IMF) started its financial operations.
  • 1947 – The newspaper Kadın, published by İffet Halim Oruz, began publication. The newspaper was published as 1979 issues in 32 years until 1125.
  • 1951 – The Sickness and Maternity Insurance Law entered into force in the provinces of Istanbul, Edirne, Kırklareli and Tekirdağ.
  • 1952 - World newspaper began publication.
  • 1953 - Stalin had a heart attack. He died four days later.
  • 1954 – Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States House of Representatives, injuring five senators.
  • 1958 – Üsküdar ferry operating in the Gulf of Izmit sank in Soğucak due to a hurricane with a speed of 130 kilometers per hour. According to official figures, 300 out of 272 passengers died; 21 people survived.
  • 1959 – Returning to Cyprus, Makarios was greeted with great cheer by the Greek Cypriots.
  • 1960 – 1000 black students protest discrimination in the US state of Alabama.
  • 1961 – Army Solidarity Institution (OYAK) was established.
  • 1963 – When the fine diesel leaked into the sea from two Soviet tankers colliding off the coast of Dolmabahçe in the Bosphorus caught fire. Floating Karakoy Pier ve Kadıköy the ship burned down.
  • 1963 – Kurdish leader Mullah Mustafa Barzani told the American Associated Press that if the Iraqi government does not grant autonomy to Kurdistan, he will mobilize his forces again. Barzani claimed that the Kurdish struggle played a role in the overthrow of Iraqi Prime Minister Kasım. “The fate of any other person who opposes the establishment of a muhtar Kurdish region will be the same,” he said.
  • 1966 – The USSR space probe Venera 3 crashes into the surface of Venus.
  • 1968 – The new Election Law, which abolished the National Balance procedure, was passed in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: 7 people were sued for their roles in the scandal.
  • 1975 – Color television broadcasts begin in Australia.
  • 1978 - Charlie Chaplin's body was stolen from a cemetery in Switzerland.
  • 1978 – Adnan Menderes's son, Justice Party Aydın Deputy Mutlu Menderes, died as a result of a traffic accident.
  • 1980 - The Voyager 1 space probe registered the existence of Saturn's moon, Janus.
  • 1983 - A Season in Hakkari The film went down in cinema history as one of the few films that received the most awards, receiving 4 awards at the Berlin Film Festival.
  • 1984 – In the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, it was decided to abolish the martial law in 13 provinces and to extend it for 54 months in 4 provinces. In his statement, Prime Minister Turgut Özal said, “There is a 99 percent decrease in incidents. However, extreme left and separatist organizations continue their activities underground.”
  • 1989 – Star 1, Turkey's first private TV channel, started broadcasting test signals from Eutelsat F 5 satellite.
  • 1992 – Turkey's second private TV channel and Show TV, famous for its competition programs, began broadcasting.
  • 1992 – The Neve Shalom Synagogue in Istanbul Kuledibi was bombed.
  • 1992 – The separatist referendum decision in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the event known as the 'Bloody Wedding' triggered the Bosnian War.
  • 1994 – Nirvana gave its last concert in Munich.
  • 1996 – In the International Narcotics Control Strategy Report, Turkey was listed among the countries that laundered money.
  • 1997 – Iranian Consul General in Erzurum Said Zare, who was declared “persona non grata” (persona non grata), returned to his country. In retaliation, Iran declared Turkey's Ambassador to Tehran Osman Korutürk and Urmiye Consul General Ufuk Özsancak "persona non grata".
  • 1998 - Titanikbecame the first movie to gross over $1 billion worldwide.
  • 1999 – The Ottawa Treaty comes into effect.
  • 2000 – The Finnish Constitution was rewritten.
  • 2002 - US forces enter Afghanistan territory.
  • 2005 - Turks: Architects of an Empire and the Genius of Mimar Sinan photography exhibition opened in London.
  • 2006 – English Wikipedia reaches the one millionth article with the article Jordanhill railway station.
  • 2007 – In the case regarding the attack on the members of the 2nd Chamber of the Council of State; prosecutor, for the perpetrator Alparslan Arslan and Osman Yıldırım, İsmail Sağır and Erhan Timuroğlu establishing and directing an armed organization to forcibly overthrow the constitutional order He asked for aggravated life imprisonment four times for the crime.
  • 2009 – Newspaper Habertürk, published by Ciner Yayın Holding and under the editorship of Fatih Altaylı, began publication.
  • 2014 – 33 people were killed and 148 injured in a knife attack in Kunming, China.

Births

  • 40 – Marcus Valerius Martialis, Ancient Roman poet (d. 102 – 104)
  • 1445 – Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (d. 1510)
  • 1474 – Angela Merici, Italian nurse (d. 1540)
  • 1547 – Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)
  • 1597 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)
  • 1611 – John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)
  • 1657 – Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (d. 1740)
  • 1683 – Caroline of Ansbach, Queen of Great Britain (d. 1737)
  • 1732 – William Cushing, American lawyer and chief judge (d. 1810)
  • 1755 – Luigi Mayer, Italian painter (d. 1803)
  • 1760 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
  • 1769 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (d. 1796)
  • 1807 – Wilford Woodruff, 4th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
  • 1810 – Frederic Chopin, Polish pianist and composer (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Augustus Pugin, English architect (d. 1852)
  • 1819 – Władysław Taczanowski, Polish scientist (d. 1890)
  • 1821 – Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German clergyman and first former Catholic Archbishop (d. 1896)
  • 1837
  • William Dean Howells, American historian, editor and politician (d. 1920)
  • Ion Creangă, Romanian writer, storyteller and teacher (d. 1889)
  • 1842 – Nikolaos Gizis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • 1846 – Vasily Dokuchaev, Russian geologist and geographer (d. 1903)
  • 1847 – Recaizade Mahmud Ekrem, Ottoman poet and writer (d. 1914)
  • 1852 – Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1855 – George Ramsay, Scottish football player and manager (d. 1935)
  • 1858 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1918)
  • 1863 – Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1863 – Katharine Elizabeth Dopp, American educator and author (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Pietro Canonica, Italian sculptor, painter and composer (d. 1959)
  • 1870 – EM Antoniadi, Greek astronomer (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Sigurður Eggerz, Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 1945)
  • 1876 ​​– Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian President of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – Aleksandar Stamboliyski, president of the Bulgarian People's Farmers' Union (d. 1923)
  • 1880 – Giles Lytton Strachey, English writer (d. 1932)
  • 1886 – Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian painter, graphic artist and poet (d. 1980)
  • 1887 – Georg-Hans Reinhardt, commander in Nazi Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1888 – Ewart Astill, English cricketer (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – Tetsuro Watsuji, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Ryunosuke Akutagava, Japanese writer (d. 1927)
  • 1893 – Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, and costume designer (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – Dimitri Mitropoulos, Greek composer, pianist, and conductor (d. 1960)
  • 1896 – Moriz Seeler, German writer, poet, and filmmaker (d. 1942)
  • 1897 – Shoghi Effendi, Baha'i cleric (d. 1957)
  • 1899 – Erich von dem Bach, German soldier (Nazi officer) (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Ralf Törngren, Finnish politician (d. 1961)
  • 1901 - Pietro Spiggia, Italian poet
  • 1904 – Ali Avni Çelebi, Turkish painter (d. 1993)
  • 1904 – Glenn Miller, American bandleader (d. 1944)
  • 1910 – Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist and Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – David Niven, English actor (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Ralph Ellison, American author (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Robert Lowell, American poet (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Gladys Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 1918 – João Goulart, Brazilian politician and President (d. 1976)
  • 1918 – Roger Delgado, English actor (d. 1973)
  • 1921 – Richard Wilbur, American poet (d. 2017)
  • 1921 – Terence Cooke, American Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop of New York (d. 1983)
  • 1922 – Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – William Gaines, American publisher (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Péter Kuczka, Hungarian writer, poet and editor (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Deke Slayton, American astronaut (d. 1993)
  • 1926 – Alaeddin Yavaşca, Turkish medical doctor and classical Turkish music artist
  • 1926 – Hasan Mutlucan, Turkish Folk Music artist (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Robert Clary, French actor
  • 1927 - Harry Belafonte, American musician and actor
  • 1928 – Jacques Rivette, French film director (d. 2016)
  • 1929 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian writer and dissident (d. 1978)
  • 1929 – Nida Tüfekçi Turkish instrumentalist (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1935 – Robert Conrad, American actor (d. 2020)
  • 1937 – Jed Allan, American actor (d. 2019)
  • 1938 – Zekeriya Beyaz, Turkish academic and writer
  • 1939 – Leo Brouwer, Cuban composer and guitarist
  • 1942 – Richard Myers, American soldier and Chief of Staff
  • 1943 Akinori Nakayama, Japanese gymnast
  • 1943 – Gil Amelio, American businessman and venture capitalist
  • 1943 – Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist
  • 1944 – John Breaux, American politician and Louisiana senator
  • 1944 – Mike d'Abo, English singer (Manfred Mann)
  • 1944 – Roger Daltrey, English musician and member of The Who
  • 1945 – Burning Spear, Jamaican singer and musician
  • 1945 - Dirk Benedict, American actor
  • 1946 Lana Wood, American actress
  • 1947 - Alan Thicke, Canadian actor and songwriter
  • 1950 – Bülent Ortaçgil, Turkish guitarist, singer and composer
  • 1952 – Martin O'Neill, Northern Irish football player and manager
  • 1952 – Steven Barnes, American writer
  • 1952 – Yakup Yavru, Turkish actor (d. 2018)
  • 1953 – Sinan Çetin, Turkish director, TV series and film actor
  • 1954 – Catherine Bach, American actress
  • 1954 – Ron Howard, American actor, director, producer, and Academy Award winner for Best Director
  • 1956 - Tim Daly, American actor
  • 1958 – Bertrand Piccard, Swiss balloonist and psychiatrist
  • 1958 – Chosei Komatsu, Japanese conductor
  • 1963 – Dan Michaels, American musician and producer
  • 1963 – Aydan Şener, Turkish actress and former model
  • 1963 – Peker Açıkalın, Turkish cinema and theater actor
  • 1963 – Ron Francis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Thomas Anders, German singer and member of Modern Talking
  • 1964 – Paul Le Guen, French football player and manager
  • 1964 – Sinan Özen, Turkish singer
  • 1965 - Booker Huffman, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Stewart Elliott, Canadian jockey
  • 1967 – Aron Winter, Dutch football player
  • 1967 – George Eads, American actor
  • 1969 – Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh drummer and member of Super Furry Animals
  • 1969 – Doug Creek, American baseball player
  • 1969 - Javier Bardem, Spanish actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • 1969 – Litefoot, Native American rapper
  • 1971 – Tyler Hamilton, American cyclist
  • 1973 – Carlo Resoort, Dutch trance DJ
  • 1973 – Chris Webber, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Ryan Peake, Canadian musician and Nickelback member
  • 1974 - Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor
  • 1976 – Asuman Krause, Turkish model, presenter, singer and actress
  • 1976 - Peter Bell, Australian-American football player
  • 1977 Esther Cañadas, Spanish actress and supermodel
  • 1977 – Rens Blom, Dutch athlete
  • 1978 – Alicia Leigh Willis, American actress
  • 1978 – Jensen Ackles, American actress
  • 1980 – Burcu Kara, Turkish TV series and film actress
  • 1980 – Djimi Traore, Malian football player
  • 1980 – Shahid Afridi, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1981 - Adam LaVorgna, American actor
  • 1981 - Ana Hickmann, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 - Brad Winchester, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Blake Hawksworth, Canadian baseball player
  • 1983 - Chris Hackett, English football player
  • 1984 - Naima Mora, American model
  • 1985 – Andreas Ottl, German football player
  • 1987 – Kesha, American singer
  • 1988 - Katija Pevec, American actress
  • 1989 - Carlos Vela, Mexican football player
  • 1989 – Sonya Kitchenll, American singer
  • 1994 – Justin Bieber, Canadian singer

Deaths

  • 317 – Valerius Valens, Roman Emperor (b. ?)
  • 1131 – II. Stefan, King of Hungary (b. 1101)
  • 1510 – Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier and explorer (b. 1450)
  • 1536 – Bernardo Accolti, Italian poet (b. 1465)
  • 1546 – ​​George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (b 1513)
  • 1620 – Thomas Campion, English poet and composer (b. 1567)
  • 1633 – George Herbert, English poet and orator (b. 1593)
  • 1643 – Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (b. 1583)
  • 1661 – Richard Zouch, English lawyer (b. 1590)
  • 1671 – Leopold Wilhelm, German prince (b. 1626)
  • 1697 – Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
  • 1706 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German soldier and Mayor (b. 1632)
  • 1734 – Roger North, English biographer (b. 1653)
  • 1757 – Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
  • 1768 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)
  • 1773 – Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (b. 1700)
  • 1777 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (b. 1715)
  • 1779 – Karim Khan Zend, ruler of Iran (b. 1705)
  • 1792 – II. Leopold, Holy Roman emperor (b. 1747)
  • 1841 – Claude Victor-Perrin, French field marshal (b. 1764)
  • 1855 – Georges Louis Duvernoy, French zoologist (b. 1777)
  • 1862 – Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)
  • 1865 – Anna Pavlovna, queen of the Netherlands (b. 1795)
  • 1865 – Takeda Kounsai, Mito Ronin (b. 1804)
  • 1870 – Francisco Solano López, eldest son of Carlos Antonio Lopez (b. 1827)
  • 1875 – Tristan Corbière, French poet (b. 1845)
  • 1879 – Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)
  • 1881 – Adolphe Joanne, French geographer and writer (b. 1813)
  • 1884 – Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)
  • 1897 – Jules de Burlet, Belgian politician (b. 1844)
  • 1898 – George Bruce Malleson, English soldier and author (b. 1825)
  • 1901 – Nikolaos Gizis, Greek painter (b. 1842)
  • 1905 – Eugène Guillaume, French sculptor (b. 1822)
  • 1906 – ‎José María de Pereda‎‎, Spanish writer (‎b. 1833)
  • 1911 – Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Dutch chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1912 – George Grossmith, English actor and comics writer (b. 1847)
  • 1920 – John Hollis Bankhead, American politician and senator (b. 1842)
  • 1920 – Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist (b. 1880)
  • 1921 – Nicholas I, King of Montenegro (b. 1841)
  • 1922 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish football player (b. 1892)
  • 1932 – Dino Campana, Italian poet (b. 1885)
  • 1932 – Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinettist (b. 1906)
  • 1934 – Charles Webster Leadbeater, English writer (b. 1852)
  • 1936 – Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (b. 1871)
  • 1938 – Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian author, war hero, and politician (b. 1863)
  • 1940 – Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1943 – Alexandre Yersin, Swiss physician (b. 1863)
  • 1952 – Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (b. 1873)
  • 1963 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1966 – Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1970 – Lucille Hegamin, American singer (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (b. 1935)
  • 1974 – Hüseyin Kemal Gürmen, Turkish theater artist (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Mutlu Menderes, Turkish politician (b. 1937)
  • 1979 – Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – Arthur Koestler, Hungarian-English writer (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – Jackie Coogan, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1985 – A. Kadir (Ibrahim Abdulkadir Meriçboyu), Turkish poet (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Joe Besser, American comedian and actor (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Dixie Dean, English football player (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Edwin H. Land, American inventor (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Georges JF Kohler, German biologist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1946)
  • 1995 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian television reporter (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Haydar Özalp, Turkish politician and former Minister of Customs and Monopoly (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Özay Güldüm, Turkish instrumentalist (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Jack Wild, English actor (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Johnny Jackson, American musician (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Peter Osgood, English football player (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Bonnie Gail Franklin, American actress (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Nancy Charest, Canadian politician (b. 1959)
  • 2014 – Alain Resnais, French director (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Wolfram Wuttke, German former international football player and manager (b. 1961)
  • 2017 – Paula Fox, American writer and translator (b. 1923)
  • 2017 – Taarak Mehta, Indian playwright and columnist, humorist (b. 1929)
  • 2017 – David Rubinger, famous Israeli photographer (b. 1924)
  • 2018 – María Rubio, Mexican stage, film and television actress (b. 1934)
  • 2019 – Jores Ivanovich Alferov, physicist and academician, member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (b. 1930)
  • 2019 – Kevin Roche, Irish-American architect (b. 1922)
  • 2020 – Ernesto Cardenal Martínez, Nicaraguan Catholic priest, poet and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2021 – Emmanuel Félémou, Roman Catholic bishop from Guinea (b. 1960)
  • 2021 – Zlatko “Cico” Kranjčar, Croatian-born Yugoslav national football player and manager (b. 1956)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Accountants Day
  • Green Crescent Week (1-7 March)
  • Earthquake Week (1-7 March)
  • Entrepreneurship Week (1-7 March)
  • Liberation of Hanak district of Ardahan from Russian and Armenian occupation (1918)
  • Liberation of Arslanköy district of Mersin from the French occupation (1922)

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