Today in History: The Death Decisions of Deniz Gezmiş, Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin Inan Upheld

Deniz Gezmis Yusuf Aslan and Huseyin Inanin Execution Decisions Confirmed
Deniz Gezmis Yusuf Aslan and Huseyin Inanin Execution Decisions Confirmed

March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70st in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 296.

Railways

  • 10 March 1870 The first section of 750 of Rumeli railroad bonds was launched on European stock exchanges. The Paris and London stock exchanges were not allowed to be sold, while the stock exchange in Vienna was allowed.
  • 10 Mart 1900 An agreement was signed between the Ottoman Minister of Defense and General Director of Anatolian Railways Company Kurt Zander, stating that the Baghdad Railway will be built on the Tigris route.

Events

  • 1864 – Ulysses S. Grant, during the American Civil War, was promoted by Abraham Lincoln to the Northern League (International) was appointed to the General Command.
  • 1876 ​​- Graham Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, made the first telephone call.
  • 1910 - First movie shot in Hollywood In Old California entered the show.
  • 1919 - Slavery abolished in China.
  • 1919 – Ali Fethi Okyar was arrested by the British.
  • 1919 – In the Ottoman Empire, Ahmed Tevfik Pasha government fell and Damat Ferit Pasha government was established.
  • 1920 – At the meeting attended by Greek Prime Minister Venizelos, it was decided to occupy Istanbul and to arrest the leaders of the Kuva-yi Milliye.
  • 1939 – The 18th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) convened in the Great Purge began. At the congress, the Bolshevik Party Anthem was determined as the new anthem of the party.
  • 1944 – Greek Civil War: The National Liberation Political Committee is founded by the National Liberation Front.
  • 1945 - The Great Bombardment of Tokyo.
  • 1952 – Military coup in Cuba led by Fulgencio Batista.
  • 1956 – Archbishop of Cyprus III. After Makarios was deported on 9 March, riots broke out in Cyprus.
  • 1956 – The plane carrying two nuclear warhead capsules from Florida, USA to Morocco was lost over the Mediterranean, the wreckage of the plane was not found.
  • 1969 – James Earl Ray, murderer of American black leader Martin Luther King, was sentenced to 99 years in hard labor.
  • 1971 – After the failed military coup attempt the previous day, at the "Extended Command Council" meeting under the chairmanship of Chief of General Staff Memduh Tağmaç, it was stated that "the Government was insufficient in preventing the events" and it was decided to issue a memorandum to the Government on 12 March.
  • 1972 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly approved the death sentences for Deniz Gezmiş, Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin İnan, with 53 negative votes, six abstentions and 238 affirmative votes.
  • 2000 – Diyarbakir No. 1 State Security Court sentenced Necmettin Erbakan, the leader of the closed Welfare Party, to one year in prison on the grounds that he openly incited the people to hatred and enmity by considering racial and religious differences.
  • 2004 – The First Penal Chamber of the Supreme Court of Appeals upheld the decision to convert the sentence of Haluk Kırcı, who was sentenced to death seven times for murdering seven TİP students, to life imprisonment, with 48 months in a cell.
  • 2004 - Costas Karamanlis becomes prime minister of Greece.
  • 2005 - Garri Kasparov announced that he would not participate in chess tournaments.

Births

  • 1503 – Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1564)
  • 1515 – Injong, 12th king of the Joseon Kingdom (d. 1545)
  • 1628 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian biologist (d. 1694)
  • 1654 – Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari, Italian painter (d. 1727)
  • 1695 – Adrian Manglard, French painter (d. 1760)
  • 1748 – John Playfair, Scottish scientist and mathematician (d. 1819)
  • 1749 – Lorenzo Da Ponte, Venetian opera writer and poet (d. 1838)
  • 1760 – Leandro Fernández de Moratín, Spanish playwright and poet (d. 1828)
  • 1775 – Marc-Antoine Jullien de Paris, French instructor (d. 1848)
  • 1786 – José María Vargas, President of Venezuela (d. 1854)
  • 1787 – William Etty, English painter (d. 1849)
  • 1788 – Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German writer (d. 1857)
  • 1794 – Henriette d'Angeville, Swedish climber (d. 1871)
  • 1822 – Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter, engraver, lithographer, and designer (d. 1897)
  • 1833 – Pedro Antonio de Alarcón, Spanish novelist (d. 1891)
  • 1844 – Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (d. 1908)
  • 1845 – III. Alexander, Tsar of Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1845 – Hallie Quinn Brown, educator who pioneered the organization of black women in the United States (d. 1949)
  • 1850 – Mary Mills Patrick, American teacher and author (d. 1940)
  • 1858 – Henry Watson Fowler, English teacher, lexicographer, and commentator (d. 1933)
  • 1867 – Hector Guimard, French architect (d. 1942)
  • 1870 – David Ryazanov, Russian Marxist and Marxist theorist (d. 1938)
  • 1873 – Jakob Wassermann, German writer (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Maria Perini, Italian ballet teacher (d. 1939)
  • 1876 ​​– Ali Faik Ozansoy, Turkish poet (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Hans Luther, German politician (d. 1962)
  • 1889 – Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Japanese martial artist (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Sam Jaffe, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1892 – Arthur Honegger, Swiss composer (d. 1955)
  • 1898 – Zati Sungur, Turkish illusionist (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Bix Beiderbecke, American musician, one of the most original white trumpet players in jazz history (d. 1931)
  • 1904 – Ralph Kronig, German physicist (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Boris Vian, French writer and musician (d. 1959)
  • 1920 – Kenan Pars, Turkish actor (d. 2008)
  • 1927 – Jupp Derwall, German football player and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Galip Erdem, Turkish journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Edip Günay, Turkish musicologist (d. 2010)
  • 1937 – Joe Viterelli, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1940 – Chuck Norris, American producer and actor
  • 1940 – Defne Solo, Turkish theater and cinema artist
  • 1943 – Fikret Ünlü, Turkish politician (d. 2019)
  • 1950 – Abdurrahman Yalçınkaya, Turkish lawyer and former Supreme Court Chief Prosecutor
  • 1955 – Mehmet Necmettin Ahrazoğlu, Turkish politician (d. 2021)
  • 1957 – Osama bin Laden, founder of Al-Qaeda (d. 2011)
  • 1958 - Sharon Stone, American actress
  • 1959 – Sinan Aygün, Turkish businessman and politician
  • 1962 – Yaşar Alptekin, Turkish model, dancer and actor
  • 1973 – John LeCompt, American musician
  • 1975 – DJ Aligator, Iranian-Danish DJ and producer
  • 1975 – Sima Sarıkaya, Turkish pop music commentator, actor, composer
  • 1976 – Frantz Granvorka, French volleyball player
  • 1979 – Alexander Khuon, German actor
  • 1981 – Samuel Eto'o, Cameroonian football player
  • 1981 – Monika Bejnar, Polish athlete
  • 1981 – Daniel Carvalho, Brazilian football player
  • 1981 – Ángel López, Spanish national football player
  • 1983 – Carrie Underwood, American singer
  • 1986 – Grete Havnesköld, Swedish actress
  • 1986 – Samet Gul, Turkish football player
  • 1986 – Gizem Yavuz, Turkish basketball player
  • 1994 – Bad Bunny, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1997 – Belinda Bencic, Swiss tennis player
  • 2001 – Alyssa Carson, American astronaut

Deaths

  • 1615 – John Ogilvie, Scottish Jesuit martyr (b. 1580)
  • 1832 – Muzio Clementi, Italian composer (b. 1752)
  • 1861 – Taras Grigorovich Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet and painter (b. 1914)
  • 1872 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian nationalist, politician, lawyer, activist, journalist, author, and freemason (b. 1805)
  • 1873 – Mirza Fetali Akhundov, Azerbaijan's first atheist intellectual, writer and philosopher (b. 1812)
  • 1889 – Antonio de Trueba, Spanish poet, novelist, and folklorist (b. 1821)
  • 1913 – Harriet Tubman, Black American abolitionist, Suffragette, Civil rights activist, and nurse who worked and spied for the Union during the American Civil War (b.
  • 1937 – Yevgeny Ivanovich Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1938 – Mehmet Şükrü Koç, Turkish lawyer and deputy (b. 1887)
  • 1940 – Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian novelist (b. 1891)
  • 1945 – Alexander Hatisyan, Armenian politician and journalist (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Richard Hildebrandt, Reichstag member and politician in Nazi Germany (b. 1897)
  • 1963 – Naci Kasım, founder of Timed Education Calendars (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Jean Boyer, French film director and songwriter (b. 1901)
  • 1966 – Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1953 for his invention of the Phase contrast microscope (b. 1888)
  • 1980 – José Américo de Almeida, Brazilian writer (b. 1887)
  • 1982 – Tajumuluk, Queen of Iran (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Konstantin Chernenko, Soviet politician (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Ray Milland, English actor (b. 1907)
  • 1988 – Andy Gibb, British-born Australian singer (Bee Gees ensemble) (b. 1958)
  • 1989 – Salim Ağırbaş, Turkish drummer
  • 1993 – Emil Galip Sandalcı, Turkish journalist (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Marc de Jonge, French actor (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – II. Karekin Kazancıyan, Armenian Patriarch of Istanbul and Spiritual President of the Armenians of Turkey (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Lloyd Bridges, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Salah Birsel, Turkish poet and essayist (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Oswaldo Guayasamín, Ecuadorian painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and muralist (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Nim Chimpsky, monkey (b. 1973)
  • 2004 – Nesibe Zeynalova, Azerbaijani actress (b. 1916)
  • 2008 – Kenan Pars, Turkish actor (b. 1920)
  • 2010 – Corey Ian Haim, Canadian actor (b. 1971)
  • 2012 – Jean Henri Gaston Giraud, French cartoon producer, illustrator and writer (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Metin Serezli, Turkish movie and TV series actor, voice actor (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Joan Elise Sledge, American black female pop-dance singer, producer, and songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – John Surtees, British motorcycle and speedway driver (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Count Hubert James Marcel Taffin de Givenchy, French fashion designer (b. 1927)
  • 2018 – Nur Subaşı, Turkish theater and voice actor (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – İrsen Küçük, politician from Northern Cyprus (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – Paul Talalay, German-American biologist and scientist (b. 1923)
  • 2019 – Pius Adesanmi, Nigerian-Canadian academic, author, literary critic, satirist, and columnist (b. 1972)
  • 2020 – Mohammed Kiyavesh, Iranian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Marcelo Peralta, Argentine artist, teacher, composer and arranger (b. 1961)
  • 2020 – Roberto Stella, Italian doctor (b. 1952)
  • 2021 – Hamed Bakayoko, Ivorian politician and prime minister (b. 1965)
  • 2021 – Lyudmila Alekseevna Lyadova, Soviet-Russian singer, composer and theater actress (b. 1925)
  • 2021 – Ali Mahdi Mohammed was a Somali entrepreneur and politician (b. 1939)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Liberation of Ardeşen district of Rize from Russian and Armenian occupation (1918)
  • Liberation of Pazar district of Rize from Russian and Armenian occupation (1918)

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