Today in History: TOFAŞ Bursa Automobile Factory Opened with a Ceremony

TOFAS Bursa Automobile Factory Opened with Toren
TOFAS Bursa Automobile Factory Opened with Toren

February 12 is the 43nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 322.

Railways

  • February 12, 1851 Egyptian Governor Abbas Pasha gave the concession to build the Alexandria-Cairo Line to England. The press reacted to this concession without the approval of the Porte. During the construction, Egypt Hıdivi was granted a construction permit, provided that the public was not employed free of charge, new taxes were not imposed on the railway and no stability (debt) was made.
  • 12 February In the request of the concession of the American company 1922, a statement has been sent from Nafia Ministry to Akşam Newspaper.

Events

  • 1502 - Vasco da Gama embarks on his second voyage from Lisbon to India.
  • 1541 - Santiago, (Chile) was founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1818 - Chile declared its independence from Spain.
  • 1859 – Civil Service School was opened with the participation of Grand Vizier Âli Pasha and members of the government.
  • 1870 - Women gain the right to vote in Utah.
  • 1879 – The first artificial ice rink in the North American Continent was opened at New York's Madison Square Garden indoor gym.
  • 1912 - 6-year-old Emperor Puyi of China is deposed. Thus, the two thousand-year-old Chinese Empire and the 267-year-old Manchu Dynasty came to an end.
  • 1912 - The use of the Gregorian Calendar begins in China.
  • 1920 – Turkish War of Independence: Turkish Armed Forces took Kahramanmaraş under French rule.
  • 1929 – Trotsky, ex-commissioner of war exiled by Stalin, arrived in Istanbul on a ship called “Ilyich”.
  • 1934 – Civil war broke out in Austria.
  • 1937 – The house where Atatürk was born in Thessaloniki was purchased from the owner by the Municipality of Thessaloniki and allocated to Atatürk's order.
  • 1951 – 17-year-old Sureyya Isfendiari Bakhtiari married the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, at the Golestan Palace in Tehran.
  • 1956 – Cartoonist Turhan Selçuk received the Platinum Palm Award at the International Bordighera Humor Festival.
  • 1961 – USSR to planet Venus Venera 1 sent the spacecraft.
  • 1971 – The automobile factory of Turkish Automobile Factory Inc. (TOFAŞ) in Bursa was opened with a ceremony attended by President Cevdet Sunay and Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel. The factory started the production of “Murat 124” type cars with Fiat license.
  • 1975 – The Turkish Labor Party was founded by Mihri Belli.
  • 1988 – Dr. The claim of Ziya Özel's cancer treatment with "oleander" was given as "news" by TRT.
  • 1990 – Producers protesting the government's announced tobacco prices took to the streets in Akhisar, 200 people were detained.
  • 1990 - Super Mario Bros. The video game 3 was released in the US.
  • 1993 – Two 10-year-old boys kidnapped and killed 2-year-old James Bulger in the United Kingdom.
  • 1994 – Olympic Winter Games started in Lillehammer (Norway).
  • 1994 – A time bomb placed in a trash can exploded at Tuzla train station: 5 people died, including 6 reserve officers and one civilian; 29 people, including civilians, were injured.
  • 2001 - The NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft landed on the surface of the asteroid 433 Eros.
  • 2002 – An Iranian Airways Tupolev Tu-154 passenger plane crashed in Khorramabad (Iran) while it was about to land: 119 people were killed.
  • 2002 – The trial of former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević begins at the UN war crimes tribunal. Milošević died before this process ended.
  • 2010 – Winter Olympics started in Vancouver (Canada).

Births

  • 41 – Britannicus, son of Roman Emperor Claudius and his third wife, Roman Empress Messalina (d. 55)
  • 1218 – Kujō Yoritsune, fourth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate (d. 1256)
  • 1536 – Leonardo Donato, 90th Duke of the Republic of Venice (d. 1612)
  • 1644 – Jakob Ammann, Anabaptist leader and founder of the Amish (d. ?)
  • 1756 – Joseph Chinard, French sculptor (d. 1813)
  • 1768 – II. Franz, Roman-Germanic Emperor (d. 1835)
  • 1800 – John Edward Gray, British zoologist (d. 1875)
  • 1809 – Abraham Lincoln, American lawyer, politician, and 16th President of the United States (d. 1865)
  • 1809 – Charles Robert Darwin, English naturalist (d. 1882)
  • 1814 – Jenny von Westphalen, wife of Karl Marx (d. 1881)
  • 1841 – Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch politician (d. 1914)
  • 1847 – Albert Gould, Australian politician and lawyer (d. 1936)
  • 1855 – Fannie Barrier Williams, American social reformer, orator, and women's organizer (d. 1944)
  • 1856 – Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli, marshal of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1861 – Lou Andreas-Salomé, Russian-born psychoanalyst and writer (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Jonas Smilgevičius, Lithuanian economist, investor, and politician (d. 1942)
  • 1874 – Auguste Perret, French architect (d. 1954)
  • 1877 – Louis Renault, French businessman who founded Renault (d. 1944)
  • 1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)
  • 1885 – James Scott, African-American composer (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Hans von Sponeck, German general, gymnast, and football player (d. 1944)
  • 1891 – Robert Patterson, 55th United States Secretary of War (d. 1952)
  • 1892 – Theodor Plievier, German writer (d. 1955)
  • Omar Bradley, American soldier (d. 1981)
  • Steingrímur Steinþórsson, Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 1966)
  • Giovanni Muzio, Italian architect and academic (d. 1982)
  • 1895 – Onn Jafar, Malay politician (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Vasily Chuykov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
  • 1915 – Lorne Greene, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1926 – Irene Camber, Italian fencer
  • 1927 – Niyazi Sayın, Turkish ney player, marbling artist and photographer
  • 1931 – Francisco Manosa, Filipino architect
  • 1932 – Rami Garipov, Bashkir national poet, writer and playwright (d. 1977)
  • 1933 – Constantin Costa-Gavras, Greek film director
  • 1934 - Bill Russell, American basketball player
  • 1936 – Oktay Araıcı, Turkish playwright and screenwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1939 – Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist (The Doors) (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Pablo Hernández, Colombian cyclist (d. 2021)
  • 1941 – Aydın Engin, Turkish journalist, playwright, screenwriter and politician
  • 1941 – Selçuk Uluergüven, Turkish cinema, theater and TV series actor (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1946 – Ajda Pekkan, Turkish singer and film actress
  • 1953 - Nabil Shaban, English actor
  • 1955 – Arsenio Hall, American TV producer
  • 1964 – Adnan Aybaba, Turkish national sailor and football commentator
  • 1968 – Christopher McCandless, American traveler (d. 1992)
  • 1968 – Josh Brolin, American film and television actor
  • 1969 – Darren Aronofsky, American film director and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Alemayehu Atomsa, Ethiopian politician (d. 2014)
  • 1975 – Regla Torres, Cuban volleyball player
  • 1976 – Silvia Saint, Czech pornographic film actress
  • 1977 – Lerzan Mutlu, Turkish singer and presenter
  • 1979 - Jesse Spencer, Australian actor
  • 1980 – Christina Ricci, American actress
  • 1982 – Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu, better known by his stage name Bobi Wine, was a Ugandan politician, singer, actor, and businessman.
  • 1988 – Claudio Acosta, Argentine football player
  • 1991 – Earvin Ngapeth, French volleyball player
  • 1993 – Jennifer Stone, American actress

Deaths

  • 901 – II. Antonios was the Greek Orthodox patriarch (b.?) from 893 to 12 February 901.
  • 1554 – Jane Gray, Queen of England (b. 1536)
  • 1554 – Guilford Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, son of John Dudley (b. 1535)
  • 1627 – Charles I, prince of Liechtenstein (b. 1569)
  • 1673 – Johann Philipp von Schönborn, German clergyman (b. 1605)
  • 1713 – Jahandar Shah, eighth shah of the Mughal Empire (b. 1661)
  • 1730 – Luca Carlevarijs, Italian painter and engraver (b. 1663)
  • 1759 – Mohammed I, third chief of the Huseyni Dynasty and Principality of Tunis (b. 1710)
  • 1771 – Adolf Frederick, king of Sweden (b. 1710)
  • 1798 – II. Stanisław August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (b. 1732)
  • 1799 – Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist and Catholic priest (b. 1729)
  • 1804 – Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (b. 1724)
  • 1856 – Giuseppe Donizetti, Italian musician and founder of the first Turkish band Mızıka-yı Hümâyun (b. 1788)
  • 1870 – Jacob de Kempenaer, second Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1793)
  • 1885 – Anthony W. Gardiner, Liberian lawyer and politician (b. 1820)
  • 1894 – Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (b. 1830)
  • 1896 – Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (b. 1811)
  • 1899 – Adile Sultan, Turkish Divan literature poet (b. 1826)
  • 1916 – Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (b. 1831)
  • 1933 – Henri Duparc, French composer (b. 1848)
  • 1934 – Cenap Şahabettin, Turkish poet, writer and doctor (b. 1870)
  • 1935 – Kai Donner, Finnish linguist, ethnographer, and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1939 – Søren Sørensen, Danish biochemist (b. 1868)
  • 1942 – Grant Wood, American painter (b. 1891)
  • 1949 – Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian political and religious leader (founder of the Muslim Brotherhood movement) (b. 1906)
  • 1954 – Dziga Vertov, Russian film director and film theorist (b. 1896)
  • 1969 – Vahi Öz, Turkish theater and cinema artist (“Rooster Nuri” of Turkish cinema) (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – Willy Meller, German sculptor (b. 1887)
  • 1976 – Sal Mineo, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 1976 – John Lewis, British Marxist thinker (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Jean Renoir, French film director (b. 1894)
  • 1983 – Eubie Blake, American pianist and composer (b. 1887)
  • 1984 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Mahmut Sami Ramazanoğlu, Erenköy Community Leader (b. 1892)
  • 1996 – Bob Shaw, Northern Irish science fiction writer (b. 1931)
  • 1989 – Thomas Bernhard, Austrian writer (b. 1931)
  • 2000 – Charles Schulz, American cartoonist and comic book illustrator (Snoopy) (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Nezih Demirkent, Turkish journalist and President of the Turkish Journalists Association (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Yavuz Sabuncu, Turkish academic and constitutional lawyer (b. 1948)
  • 2010 – Nodar Kumaritasvili, Georgian sledgeman (b. 1988)
  • 2011 – Betty Garrett, American singer, comedian, and film actress (b. 1919)
  • 2011 – Kenneth Mars, American actor and voice actor (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Zina Bethune, American actress, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – David Kelly, Irish actor (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Tekin Akmansoy, Turkish theater and cinema artist (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Sid Caesar, American actor and comedian (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Maggie Estep, American poet and singer (b. 1963)
  • 2015 – David Carr, American columnist and journalist (b. 1956)
  • 2015 – Movita Castaneda, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Gary Owens, American radio personality and voice actor (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Steve Strange, Welsh pop singer (b. 1956)
  • 2016 – Dominique D'Onofrio, Italian-born Belgian manager and former football player (b. 1953)
  • 2017 – Herminio Bautista, Filipino comedian, director, actor, and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Jay Bontatibus, American actor (b. 1964)
  • 2017 – Barbara Carroll, American jazz pianist and singer (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Damian is an English pop singer (b. 1964)
  • 2017 – Alwin Lopez “Al” Jarreau, American jazz singer (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Quentin Moses, American football player (b. 1983)
  • 2017 – Krystyna Sienkiewicz, Polish female singer and actress (b. 1935)
  • 2018 – Marty Allen, American actor, comedian, activist, and author (b. 1922)
  • 2018 – Fethiye Mazali, Tunisian educator and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2018 – Françoise Xenakis, French journalist, screenwriter and novelist (b. 1930)
  • 2019 – Rolf Böhme, German politician (b. 1934)
  • 2019 – Lyndon LaRouche, American activist, politician, and author (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Olli Lindholm, Finnish singer and guitarist (b. 1964)
  • 2019 – Pedro Morales, Puerto Rican male professional wrestler (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Erdoğan Hot, Turkish theatre, TV series and film actor (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – Marisa Solinas, Italian actress, singer and songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2020 – Christie Blatchford, Canadian columnist, journalist, war correspondent and broadcaster (b. 1951)
  • 2021 – Maurizio Mattei, Italian football referee and sports manager (b. 1942)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Liberation of Kahramanmaraş from the French occupation (1920)

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