Nutrition during pregnancy is one of the most important issues to be considered because both the baby's growth and development and the mother's needs are met. Balanced and regular nutrition of the mother, the only source of nutrition for the baby, is of great importance for the baby to be born healthy. The energy needs of women during pregnancy increase. In addition, vitamin and mineral deficiency occurs during pregnancy and the missing vitamins and minerals need to be completed. For this reason, it is the gold standard for expectant mothers to give importance to nutrition by taking into account the recommendations of experts. From Medstar Antalya Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Op. Dr. Funda Manav gave information about proper nutrition during pregnancy.
It is important not to eat more, but to choose more useful food.
For a healthy pregnancy process and the birth of a healthy baby at the end, the expectant mother needs a balanced diet. During pregnancy, women should prefer to eat a balanced diet, not to eat too much. It should meet the daily energy needs regularly by putting snacks between the main meals. After the first 3 months of pregnancy, the hormones are regulated and the expectant mother begins to have a more comfortable pregnancy. Nutrition during pregnancy plays a more important role after the third month of pregnancy. Since the baby grows in the womb, the meals should be doubled during this period. In other words, 3 snacks should be squeezed between 2 main meals. These snacks can be foods that will adjust blood sugar, such as fruit, milk, yogurt.
Take care of your folic acid intake
The baby's weight gain is all about the mother's healthy diet. In the last three months of pregnancy, the mother's weight and diet determine the birth weight of the baby. A woman who has become pregnant with a suitable weight at the beginning of pregnancy gains approximately 9-12 kg during pregnancy when fed properly and correctly. Pregnant women need 80 g of protein, 1,5 g of calcium, 30-60 g of iron, vitamins A, B1, B2 and C per day. They should be taken regularly from foods that are on the nutrition list. Folic acid intake is very important, even starting before conception is of great importance. This vitamin is necessary in order to prevent anomaly called neural tube defect during pregnancy.
Eat a protein-rich diet during pregnancy
Protein is an important nutrient for the development of the baby, especially in the second and third trimesters, in terms of nutrition during pregnancy.
For lunch, choose scrambled eggs or omelette.
Have salmon fillets for dinner.
Add chickpeas or black beans to your salad.
Fish is also an excellent source of protein and contributes to the baby's brain development. But avoid mussels and mercury-rich fish.
Drinking less water can put pregnancy at risk
It is recommended to consume an average of 10 glasses of fluid during pregnancy. Water, fruit juices, coffee, tea and soft drinks meet daily fluid needs. However, some drinks are high in sugar, which can lead to unwanted weight gain. As pregnancy progresses, consuming too little water can cause premature birth or premature birth.